Paritrana, Paritrāṇa: 16 definitions


Paritrana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Paritran.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Paritrana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण) refers to “great protection”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.35 (“The story of Padmā and Pippalāda”).—Accordingly, as Dharma said to Padmā (wife of sage Pippalāda): “O chaste lady, you are blessed, you are devotedly attached to your husband. Hail to you. Take this boon. Your husband is the cause of your great protection (paritrāṇa-kāraṇa). Let him be a young man with sexual vigour and righteousness. He shall be comely in appearance, good in conduct, eloquent in speech and perpetually stable in youth. Let him enjoy more longevity than Mārkaṇḍeya. Let him be richer than Kubera. Let him enjoy more prosperity and power than Indra. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Paritrana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण) refers to the “welfare (of everyone)”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 1.—Accordingly: “In order to destroy this scornful arrogance and false pride, the Buddha manifests the immense power of his miraculous power and wisdom. About the Prajñāpāramitā he says: ‘My miraculous power has immense qualities and surpasses the threefold world, it is meant for the welfare of all (sarva-paritrāṇa). To form a bad opinion of it is to commit an immense sin; to give pure faith to it is to be assured of the happiness of gods and men and to reach the fruit of nirvāṇa definitively’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण) refers to “rescue”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [As the afflicted Nāgas said to Bhagavān]: “[...] However, O Bhagavān, from today on I make a vow in the presence of the Tathāgata. Wherever this spell-holder king will circulate, there, O Bhagavān, the Nāgas will not make calamities again. Wherever this heart-dhāraṇī is used for protection, [there is] rescue (paritrāṇa), shelter, safeguard and the sealing of the boundaries and sealing of the maṇḍala. Where an amulet-cord is made, for that person, O Bhagavān, we will constantly ward off all calamities”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paritrana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paritrāṇa (परित्राण).—n S Protecting, guarding, preserving. 2 Making whole; mending or repairing.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paritrāṇa (परित्राण).—n Protecting. Making whole.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paritrana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण).—

1) Preservation, protection, rescue, defence, deliverance; परित्राणाय साधूनां विनाशाय च दुष्कृताम् (paritrāṇāya sādhūnāṃ vināśāya ca duṣkṛtām) Bhagavadgītā (Bombay) 4.8; रामापरित्राणविहस्तयोधं सेनानिवेशं तुमुलं चकार (rāmāparitrāṇavihastayodhaṃ senāniveśaṃ tumulaṃ cakāra) R.5.49.

2) Selfdefence.

3) Abstaining from.

4) The hair of the body; moustaches.

Derivable forms: paritrāṇam (परित्राणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) 1. Warding a blow, self-defence. 2. Preserving, rescue, deliverance, protecting. E. pari about, trāṇa preserving.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण).—i. e. pari-trā + ana, n. 1. Protection, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 349. 2. Defence, Mahābhārata 1, 1012. 3. Shelter, 7, 2526. 4. Abstaining from, Mahābhārata 13, 6227.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण).—[neuter] protection, rescue from ([ablative]), refuge.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paritrāṇa (परित्राण):—[=pari-trāṇa] [from pari-trai] n. rescue, preservation, deliverance from ([ablative]), protection or means of protection, refuge, retreat, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] self-defence, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] the hair of the body, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] moustaches, [Demetrius Galanos’s Lexiko: sanskritikes, anglikes, hellenikes]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण):—[pari-trāṇa] (ṇaṃ) 1. n. Warding a blow; deliverance, salvation.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paritāṇa, Parittāṇa, Pariyāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Paritrana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paritrana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Paritrāṇa (परित्राण) [Also spelled paritran]:—(nm) protection; deliverance; salvation; ~[trātā] a protector; deliverer.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paritrana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paritrāṇa (ಪರಿತ್ರಾಣ):—

1) [noun] the act of protecting (others) from danger, annoyance, destruction, death, etc.

2) [noun] any means or implements used in protecting others.

3) [noun] a gaurding of oneself from danger, annoyance, death, etc.; self-protection.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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