Parakya, Pārakya: 9 definitions


Parakya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pārakya (पारक्य) refers to something “separate from one’s own self”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.43.—Accordingly, as Śiva said to Dakṣa:—“O patriarch, listen to another statement of mine with a clear conscience. Although it is based on the qualitative aspect it is esoteric. [...] In that supreme, sole, universal God which is the pure Self, the ignorant sees different living beings, Brahman, Īśvara etc. Even as an ordinary man does not consider his head, hands and other limbs as separate from his own self (pārakya) so also my follower does not feel separateness about the living beings”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pārakya (पारक्य).—a.

1) Alien, belonging to another; वरं स्वधर्मो विगुणो न पारक्यः स्वनुष्ठितः (varaṃ svadharmo viguṇo na pārakyaḥ svanuṣṭhitaḥ) Manusmṛti 1.97; पारक्यस्यैव देहस्य बह्वयो मेऽक्षौहिणीर्हताः (pārakyasyaiva dehasya bahvayo me'kṣauhiṇīrhatāḥ) Bhāgavata 1.8.48.

2) Intended for others.

3) Hostile, inimical.

4) Useful in the next world.

-kyaḥ An enemy, adversary.

-kyam Doing anything for future happiness (paralokasādhana); pious conduct;

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārakya (पारक्य).—mfn.

(-kyaḥ-kyā-kyaṃ) 1. An enemy, hostile, inimical. 2. Alien, belonging to another. n.

(-kyaṃ) Pious conduct, doing any thing for the sake of future happiness. E. paraka or pāraka, and ṣyañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārakya (पारक्य).—i. e. para + ka + ya, adj. 1. Belonging to another, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 10, 97. 2. Hostile. m. An enemy, [Hitopadeśa] 109, 6.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārakya (पारक्य).—[adjective] belonging to others, strange, alien, hostile, inimical; [masculine] enemy.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pārakya (पारक्य):—[from pāra] mfn. = parakīya, belonging to another or a stranger, alien (opp. to sva), hostile, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. an enemy, [Hitopadeśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pārakya (पारक्य):—[(kyaḥ-kyā-kyaṃ) a.] Of another; hostile an enemy. n. Piety.

[Sanskrit to German]

Parakya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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