Torana, aka: Toraṇa; 9 Definition(s)
Torana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Toraṇa (तोरण) means an “ornamental canopy set at the entrance”. The entrance may be to a courtyard or an enclosure or hall or maṇḍapa or a cellar or a Niche. The concept of toraṇa is seen as early as the beginning of the Christian era. Toraṇa consists of two vertical posts installed at a distance, supporting a decorated canopy above. This architectural model is used as a decorative motif on the walls of the temple, toraṇas are also carved to precede the koṣṭhas on the walls.Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD
Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.
India history and geogprahy
Toraṇa.—(CII 4; LL; CITD), an arch; a gateway; an arched doorway; a portal; a temporary ornamental arch; also a garland in Telugu-Kannaḍa. Cf. toraṇa-kkāṇikkai (SITI), tax on gates or presents for decorating the village with arches. Note: toraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.
Languages of India and abroad
toraṇa : (nt.) an arched gateway; a decorative pandal.Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
Toraṇa, (nt.) (Sk. toraṇa, perhaps related to Gr. tuρsis, tuρris=Lat. turris (tower), cp. Hor. Od. I. 47 “regumque turris”=palaces) an arched gateway, portal; Vin. II, 154; D. II, 83; Vv 351 (=dvārakoṭṭhaka-pāsādassa nāmaṃ VvA. 160); J. III, 428; Dāvs. V, 48. (Page 307)Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
tōraṇa (तोरण).—n (S) A lintel. Hence 2 Leafy boughs, garlands of flowers &c. hung from it or about it, or from awnings &c. on festive occasions. 3 A string of cocoanuts &c. hung over the hōḷī pit, for the mud-sporters to leap at as they jump into the pit; also as hung around an idol &c. 4 f A tree, Ziziphus rugosa; and n the fruit of it. 5 n That member of a balance within which the tongue moves.Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
tōraṇa (तोरण).—n A lintel. Hence leafy boughs, &c., hung from it or from awnings on festive occasions; a string of cocoanuts, &c. hung over an idol, &c. f A tree, ziziphus rugosa, and n The fruit of it.
--- OR ---
tōraṇa (तोरण).—n Ground, burned and prepared for raising rice upon it without transplantation as is usual; also a field of rice so raised.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Toraṇa (तोरण).—[tur-yuc ādhāre lyuṭ Tv.]
1) An arched doorway, a portal.
2) An outer door or gateway; गणो नृपाणामथ तोरणाद् बहिः (gaṇo nṛpāṇāmatha toraṇād bahiḥ) Śi.12.1; दूराल्लक्ष्यं सुरपतिधनुश्चारुणा तोरणेन (dūrāllakṣyaṃ surapatidhanuścāruṇā toraṇena) Me.77 (v.l).
3) Any temporary and ornamental arch, भासोज्ज्वलत्काञ्चनतोरणानां स्थानान्तरं स्वर्ग इवाबभासे (bhāsojjvalatkāñcanatoraṇānāṃ sthānāntaraṃ svarga ivābabhāse) Ku. 7.3; R.1.41;7.4;11.5.
4) An elevated place near a bathing-place.
5) A triangle supporting a large balance.
-ṇam The neck, throat.
-ṇaḥ Name of Śiva.
Derivable forms: toraṇaḥ (तोरणः), toraṇam (तोरणम्).Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Toraṇā (तोरणा).—f. (= Sanskrit toraṇa), portal, arched gateway: °ṇāye (gen.) karkaṭakasmiṃ Mv iii.178.16 (see karkaṭaka).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) 1. The ornamented arch of a door or gateway. 2. An outer door. 3. Decoration of the gate-post. 3. A temporary and ornamented arch. 5. A mound or raised mark near a bathing place. 6. A triangle supporting a large balance. n.
(-ṇaṃ) The neck, the throat. E. tur to hasten, affix ādhāre lyuṭ; by which people pass or go.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Ends with: Angulitorana, Avikatorana, Bandhila-tem-torana, Kadalitorana, Kautukatorana, Kutatorana, Mahatorana, Makaratorana, Margatorana, Nasitorana, Panjaratorana, Puratorana, Shalatorana, Suvannatorana, Uttorana, Vidyadhara-torana, Yantratorana.
Full-text (+23): Makaratorana, Panjaratorana, Turana, Vidyadhara-torana, Bandhila-tem-torana, Gangeru, Shalatorana, Torana-kkanikkai, Vyalaka, Nasitorana, Gangeruka, Kadalitorana, Yantratorana, Padmaka, Kutatorana, Puratorana, Kautukatorana, Margatorana, Karila-tem-karana, Shri-dvara.
Search found 8 books and stories containing Torana, Toraṇa, Tōraṇa, Toraṇā; (plurals include: Toranas, Toraṇas, Tōraṇas, Toraṇās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Early Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Torana < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Kalinga < [Chapter XIII - Prasada: Component Parts]
Temples in Punjai < [Chapter VI - Temples of Aditya II’s Time]
Later Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Trisulam < [Chapter II - Temples of Kulottunga I’s Time]
Temples in Appakkam < [Chapter X - Temples of Rajadhjraja II’s Time]
Temples in Valuvur < [Chapter XII - Temples of Kulottunga III’s Time]
The Great Chronicle of Buddhas (by Ven. Mingun Sayadaw)
Middle Chola Temples (by S. R. Balasubrahmanyam)
Temples in Emapperur < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Temples in Dadapuram < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Temples In Tiruvaiyaru < [Chapter II - Temples of Rajaraja I’s Time]
Settlement in Early Historic Ganga Plain (by Chirantani Das)
Part 7 - The Buddha’s life and legend represented in Sārnāth art < [Chapter VII - Sārnāth: The Satellite Religious Centre]
Parama Samhita (English translation) (by Krishnaswami Aiyangar)