Torana, Toraṇa: 18 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Torana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Toran.

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In Hinduism

Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Shodhganga: Temples of Salem region Up to 1336 AD

Toraṇa (तोरण) means an “ornamental canopy set at the entrance”. The entrance may be to a courtyard or an enclosure or hall or maṇḍapa or a cellar or a Niche. The concept of toraṇa is seen as early as the beginning of the Christian era. Toraṇa consists of two vertical posts installed at a distance, supporting a decorated canopy above. This architectural model is used as a decorative motif on the walls of the temple, toraṇas are also carved to precede the koṣṭhas on the walls.

Source: OpenEdition books: Architectural terms contained in Ajitāgama and Rauravāgama

Toraṇa (तोरण) refers to “- 1. arcature §§ 3.34, 44, 45; 4.10, 22, 28; 5.8 - 2. portal frame (for a swing) (Aj) § 4.31.”.—(For paragraphs cf. Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama by Bruno Dagens)

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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India history and geography

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra (history)

Toraṇa (तोरण) refers to a “festoon” which is placed over the door of the house, if the wedding takes place there, or of a pavilion erected for the marriage. Now this festoon (toraṇa) is made of mango or aśoka. The bridegroom stops at this door and the bride’s mother comes to meet him, carrying grain and short pieces of bamboo which she scatters. The priest recites some mantras, and the groom enters the door. This is in the case of Gujarātī baniyas.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Toraṇa.—(CII 4; LL; CITD), an arch; a gateway; an arched doorway; a portal; a temporary ornamental arch; also a garland in Telugu-Kannaḍa. Cf. toraṇa-kkāṇikkai (SITI), tax on gates or presents for decorating the village with arches. Note: toraṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

toraṇa : (nt.) an arched gateway; a decorative pandal.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Toraṇa, (nt.) (Sk. toraṇa, perhaps related to Gr. tuρsis, tuρris=Lat. turris (tower), cp. Hor. Od. I. 47 “regumque turris”=palaces) an arched gateway, portal; Vin. II, 154; D. II, 83; Vv 351 (=dvārakoṭṭhaka-pāsādassa nāmaṃ VvA. 160); J. III, 428; Dāvs. V, 48. (Page 307)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

tōraṇa (तोरण).—n (S) A lintel. Hence 2 Leafy boughs, garlands of flowers &c. hung from it or about it, or from awnings &c. on festive occasions. 3 A string of cocoanuts &c. hung over the hōḷī pit, for the mud-sporters to leap at as they jump into the pit; also as hung around an idol &c. 4 f A tree, Ziziphus rugosa; and n the fruit of it. 5 n That member of a balance within which the tongue moves.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

tōraṇa (तोरण).—n A lintel. Hence leafy boughs, &c., hung from it or from awnings on festive occasions; a string of cocoanuts, &c. hung over an idol, &c. f A tree, ziziphus rugosa, and n The fruit of it.

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tōraṇa (तोरण).—n Ground, burned and prepared for raising rice upon it without transplantation as is usual; also a field of rice so raised.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Toraṇa (तोरण).—[tur-yuc ādhāre lyuṭ Tv.]

1) An arched doorway, a portal.

2) An outer door or gateway; गणो नृपाणामथ तोरणाद् बहिः (gaṇo nṛpāṇāmatha toraṇād bahiḥ) Śi.12.1; दूराल्लक्ष्यं सुरपतिधनुश्चारुणा तोरणेन (dūrāllakṣyaṃ surapatidhanuścāruṇā toraṇena) Me.77 (v.l).

3) Any temporary and ornamental arch, भासोज्ज्वलत्काञ्चनतोरणानां स्थानान्तरं स्वर्ग इवाबभासे (bhāsojjvalatkāñcanatoraṇānāṃ sthānāntaraṃ svarga ivābabhāse) Ku. 7.3; R.1.41;7.4;11.5.

4) An elevated place near a bathing-place.

5) A triangle supporting a large balance.

-ṇam The neck, throat.

-ṇaḥ Name of Śiva.

Derivable forms: toraṇaḥ (तोरणः), toraṇam (तोरणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Toraṇā (तोरणा).—f. (= Sanskrit toraṇa), portal, arched gateway: °ṇāye (gen.) karkaṭakasmiṃ Mahāvastu iii.178.16 (see karkaṭaka).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toraṇa (तोरण).—mn.

(-ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ) 1. The ornamented arch of a door or gateway. 2. An outer door. 3. Decoration of the gate-post. 3. A temporary and ornamented arch. 5. A mound or raised mark near a bathing place. 6. A triangle supporting a large balance. n.

(-ṇaṃ) The neck, the throat. E. tur to hasten, affix ādhāre lyuṭ; by which people pass or go.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toraṇa (तोरण).—n. (and m.), 1. An arc, [Pañcatantra] 192, 16. 2. A gate, [Rāmāyaṇa] 1, 6, 26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toraṇa (तोरण).—[neuter] arch, arched doorway, portal.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Toraṇa (तोरण):—n. ([gana] ardharcadi) an arch, arched doorway, portal, festooned decorations over doorways (with boughs of trees, garlands, etc.), [Mahābhārata] etc. (ifc. f(ā). )

2) a mound near a bathing-place, [Horace H. Wilson]

3) a triangle supporting a large balance

4) m. Śiva, [xiii, 1232]

5) n. the neck, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) cf. ut-, kapāṭa-, kautuka-.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Toraṇa (तोरण):—[(ṇaḥ-ṇaṃ)] 1. m. n. The ornamented arch of a door or gateway; an outer door; a mound; a triangle supporting a balance. n. The throat.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Toraṇa (तोरण):—m. n. gaṇa ardharcādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher.2,4,31.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.3,5,10.] n. [Siddhāntakaumudī 249,a,5.]

1) m. n. (nur neutr. zu belegen) Bogen, bogenförmiges Thor; insbes. ein bei feierlichen Gelegenheiten errichteter Bogen [Amarakoṣa 2, 2, 16.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 2, 7, 31.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1007. 1008.] unnatadvāratoraṇe samupaviśya (pakṣī) [Pañcatantra 192, 16.] [morgenländischen Gesellschaft 9, 666] (an einer Wage). dvāratoraṇaniryūhairyuktam (nagaram) [Mahābhārata 1, 4344. 4, 1399. 13, 2828. 14, 2523.] [Nalopākhyāna 5, 3.] saha śṛṅgaiśca kailāsaḥ śilādhātuvibhūṣitaḥ . toraṇaiścaiva niviḍaiḥ prāṃśubhiśca pādapaiḥ .. [Harivaṃśa 12005.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 1, 72.] dṛḍhatoraṇārgalā (purī) [6, 26. 2, 71, 11. 91, 32. 33. 5, 39, 19. 40, 6. 15. 41, 41. 6, 17, 8.] [Suśruta 1, 107, 14. 2, 284, 11.] surapatidhanuścāruṇā toraṇena [Meghadūta 73.] [Kumārasaṃbhava 7, 3.] [Raghuvaṃśa 1, 41. 7, 4. 11, 6.] [VARĀH.][BṚH. S. 35, 5. 42 (43), 25. 43 (34), 4. 8. 17. 52, 125.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 26, 7.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 9, 54. 21, 1. 25, 14.] [Gītagovinda 7, 26.] satoraṇamahāmātraiḥ patadbhiśca gatāsubhiḥ gajaiḥ [Mahābhārata 6, 3155.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. f. ā [2, 353.] [Rāmāyaṇa 3, 54, 15. 6, 1, 34.] [Sūryasiddhānta 12, 38.] Vgl. uttoraṇa, kautuka (auch [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 9, 11, 28]). —

2) n. Hals, Nacken [Hārāvalī 174.] —

3) m. Beiname von Śiva [Mahābhārata 13, 1232]

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Toraṇa (तोरण):—

1) [Sp. 404, Z. 2] [Mahābhārata 6, 3155] liest die ed. Bomb. richtig satomaramahāmātraiḥ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Toraṇa (तोरण):——

1) (*m.) n. (adj. Comp. f. ā) Bogen , ein bogenförmiges Thor , insbes. ein bei festlichen Gelegenheiten errichteter Bogen.

2) m. Beiname Śiva's. —

3) *n. Hals , Nacken.

4) [Mahābhārata 6,3155] fehlerhaft für tomara.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Toraṇa (तोरण) [Also spelled toran]:—(nm) a pylon; an arched gateway; festoons.

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