Koyil: 3 definitions


Koyil means something in the history of ancient India, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geography

Source: Wikipedia: India History

Koyil or Koil or Kovil, (meaning: “residence of God”) is the Tamil term for a distinct style of Hindu temple with Dravidian architecture. Both the terms koyil (kōyil) and kovil (kōvil) are used interchangeably. In Tamil language, kōvil is the word derived, according to the rules of Tamil grammar. [...] There are over 36,488 Temples in Tamil Nadu alone as registered by Hindu Aranilaya Thurai. The Sangam literature scripted before the common era, refers to some of the temples the early kings of Tamilagam had erected. The songs of the revered Shaiva Nayanars and the Vaishnava Alvār saints that date back to the period 6th to the 9th century CE, provide ample references to the temples of that period. Stone inscriptions found in most temples describe the patronage extended to them by the various rulers.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Koyil (ಕೊಯಿಲ್):—[noun] = ಕೊಯ್ಲು [koylu].

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Kōyil (ಕೋಯಿಲ್):—[noun] = ಕೋಯಿಲು [koyilu].

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Kōyil (கோயில்) noun < கோ³ [ko³] + இல். [il.] [Telugu: kōyila, M. kōyil.]

1. Palace, residence of a king or noble man; அரண்மனை. கோயின் மன்னனைக் குறுகி னள் [aranmanai. koyin mannanaig kurugi nal] (சிலப்பதிகாரம் அரும்பதவுரை [silappathigaram arumbathavurai] 20, 47).

2. Temple, sanctuary, church, chapel; ஆலயம். அரும்பொகுட் டனைத்தே யண்ணல் கோயில் [alayam. arumbogud danaithe yannal koyil] (பரிபாடல் பக். [paripadal pag.] 174, செய்யுள் [seyyul], 2).

3. Sacred town of Chidambaram; சிதம்பரம். (தேவாரம்) [sithambaram. (thevaram)]

4. Śriraṅgam; ஶ்ரீ ரீரங்கம். கோயிற்பிள்ளா யிங்கே போதராயே [shri rirangam. koyirpilla yinge potharaye] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் பெரிய.ாழ். [nalayira thivyappirapandam periyazh.] 2, 9, 4).

5. Silver casket enclosing the liṅgam worn by Lingayats; வீரசைவர் தரிக்கும் இலிங்கசம்புடம். [virasaivar tharikkum ilingasambudam.] Local usage

6. Parish church, parish; கோயிற்பற்று. [koyirparru.] (J.)

7. (Music) A kind of time-measure; நாற்சீர்த்தூக்கு. [narsirthukku.] (மணிமேகலை [manimegalai] 2, 19, உரை. [urai.])

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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