Pallava period (Social and Cultural History)

by S. Krishnamurthy | 2017 | 143,765 words

This study examines the Social and Cultural History of the Pallava period (as gleaned through the Sculptural Art). The Pallavas (6th-9th century A.D.) mainly ruled over the Tondaimandalam (Tondai Nadu) region in the Northern part of Tamil Nadu (South-India). The Pallava dynasty ensured a golden age of architecture, arts, and spirituality and while ...

Appendix: List of Temples of Pallava Period

1 Kihatti Devakula Kihatti …. Guntur Ep. Ind., vol. XXXII, pp. 87-90. Charudevi (350-400 A.D.)

2 Kuli Mahatarak Devakula Dalura …. Vijayawada Ep. Ind., vol. VIII, pp. 143-46 Skandasishya (c. 5th century A.D.)

3 Tirumulasthanattup-perumanadigal shrine or Tiru-Abharana kottadi (strong room) in Bhaktavatsala temple complex. Tirukkalukunram Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram ARIEp. 1894, no. 167; South Indian Inscriptions Vol. II, no. 99; Ep. Ind., Vol. III, no. 38; South Indian Inscriptions Vol. V, nos. 460-469; ARIEp. 1909, pp. 75-76; 1932-3, pp. 54-55, Balasubrahmanyam, S.R., 1966, pp. 220-28; Srinivasan, K.R., 1983, pp. 105-06

4 Vishnuhara Devakula Kandukura …. Prakasam PCM. pp. 283-90. Simhavarman III (546 A.D.)

5 Sri Varadhamanesvara temple Pallankovil Thanjavur Thanjavur PCM., p. 132 Mahendravarman I (610-630 A.D.)

6 Ekambresvara temple Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 14; Dubreuil 1995 (reprint), pp. I–VIII.

7 Thantonrisvara temple Do. Do. Do. Damilica, p. 1, Nagaswamy, R 1972: 9-10

8 Lakshitayatana cave temple Mandagapattu Villupuram Villupuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 12; Epigraphia Indica , vol. XVII, pp. 17ff.; Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 47-51

9 Panchapandava cave temple Pallavaram Tambaram Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 13; MASI, no. 17, p. 16; Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 51-54

10 Rudravalisvaram cave temple Mamandur Cheyyar Tiruvannamalai Srinivasan, K. R. 1964, pp. 54- (no. 2) 58

11 Kal-mandapam cave Kuranganilmuttam Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 58-61

12 Vasantesvaram cave temple Vallam Chengalpattu Kanchipuram Ibid., pp. 61-64 (no.1)

13 Mahendra Vishnugriha Mahendravadi Arakkonam Vellore Epigraphia Indica , Vol. IV, pp. 152-53; Srinivasan, K. R., 1964, pp. 64- 67

14 Northern cave temple (no. 1) Mamandur Cheyyar Tiruvannamalai Srinivasan, K. R., 1964, pp. 67- 71

15 Satrumallesvaralaya Dalavanur Gingee Villupuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 10, 11 and 52; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XII, p. 225; MASI, no. 17, pp. 12–13; Srinivasan, K. R., 1964, pp. 71- 79

16 Lalitankura Pallavesvara-Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 8 and 9; griham MASI 17, pp. 13 -15; Srinivasan, K. R. 1964, pp. 79- 89

17 Avanibhajana Pallavesvara-Siyamangalam Vandavasi Tiruvannamalai Srinivasan, K. R., 1964, pp. 89griham 94; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. VI, p. 320; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R., 1971, pp. 244-46

18 Panchapandava cave Vilappakkam Do. Do. Srinivasan, K. R., 1964, pp. 94- 98

19 Unfinished cave temple Aragandanallur Tirukkovilur Villupuram Ibid., pp. 98-100

20 Subrahmanya temple Saluvankuppam Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram Satyabhama Bhadreenath, 2015, pp. 115 ff. Narasimhavarman I (630-668 A.D.)

21 Orukal mandapam Tirukkalukkunram Do. Do. ARIEp., 1909, no. 72; ARIEp., 1932-33, no. 55; MASI 17, pp. 19-21; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 16; Srinivasan, K.R., 1964, pp. 100- 07; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R., 1966, pp. 220–227

22 Kotikal mandapam Mamallapuram Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R., 1964, pp. 107- 10

23 Narasimha cave temple Singaperumal koil Chengalpattu Do. Ibid., pp. 110-12

24 Ranganatha cave temple Singavaram Gingee Villupuram Ibid., pp. 112-16

25 Sikhari Pallavesvara-griham Melacheri Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 116-18

26 Smaller unfinished cave temple Mamandur Cheyyar Tiruvannamalai Ibid., p. 118 (no.4)

27 Larger unfinished cave temple Ibid.,, pp. 118-22 (no.3)

28 Koneri mandapam Mamallapuram Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram Ibid., pp. 134-41

29 Mahisasuramardhini mandapam Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 148-56

30 Trimurti cave temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 156-61

31 Draupadi ratha Do. Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R., 1983, pp. 31- 32

32 Arjuna ratha Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 32-34

33 Dharmaraja ratha Do. Do. Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 15 and 19; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. I, nos. 1-17; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. X, pp. 5-8; MASI no. 33, p. 25; Srinivasan, K.R., 1983, pp. 135-40

34 Bhima ratha Do. Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 34-35

35 Nakula-Sahadeva ratha Ibid., pp. 40-41

36 Northern Pidari Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 44

37 Southern Pidari Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 42-43

38 Valayankuttai ratha Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 43-44

39 Smaller Arjuna’s penance Do. Do. Do. Ramachandran, T.N., 1951, pp. 86-87

40 Larger Arjuna’s penance Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 58-89

41 Varaha cave temple South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 38; MASI no. 26, pp. 10-11. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 116; ARE., 1923, no. 94; MASI no. 26; Srinivasan, K.R., 1964, pp. 141- 48

42 Pulipudar mandapam Mamallapuram Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 161

43 Unfinished cave temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 161-64

44 Vaikuntha varadaraja perumal Sivanvayal Tiruvallur Tiruvallur Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XXVII, pp. 59-62. temple

45 Kailasanatha temple Manimangalam Sriperumbudur Do. Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1979, p. 426; Gift Siromoney and Michael Lockwood, 1992, pp. 256-58; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1979, p. 426 Paramesvaravarman I (669-690 A.D.)

46 Siva temple Kuram Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966,pp. 77-78; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 44

47 Panchapandava mandapam Mamallapuram Tirukkalukunram Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 164- 66

48 Ganesa ratha South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 20; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. I, no. 18; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. X, pp.89; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 41- 42

49 Dharmaraja mandapam Do. Do. Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 21; South Indian Inscriptions Vol. I, (Atyantakama no. 19; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. X, pp.10- Pallavesvaragrham) 11; MASI 33, p. 10; Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 122-25

50 Ramanuja mandapam Do. Do. Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 22 and 23; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. I, no. 20; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. X, p.11; Srinivasan, K.R., 1964, pp. 175-80

51 Adivaraha perumal temple Do. Do. Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 17 and 18; MASI 26; Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 166-75; ARIEp., 1922, no. 663. ARIEp., 1923, no. 94; Sastri 1926, p. 5. Narasimhavarman II (690-728A.D.)

52 Smaller Yali mandapam Mamallapuram Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, p. 183

53 Mahisasura rock cut cell Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 183

54 Yali mandapam Saluvankuppam Ibid., pp. 180-83

55 Vedagirisvarar temple Tirukkalukunram Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 44-45; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 220–227

56 Mukundanayanar temple Mamallapuram Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 50-52

57 Olakkanesvara temple Do. Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983: 52-53

58 Shore temple Do. Do. Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 28; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XIX, pp. 107-8; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 53-57

59 Kailasanatha temple Kanchipuram Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 59-64

60 Iravatanesvara temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 64;

61 Piravatanesvara temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 65-67;

62 Airavatesvara temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 67;

63 Tripurantakesvra temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 67;

64 Valisvara temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 67;

65 Matangesvara temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., pp. 67-68; No inscription

66 Talagirisvara temple Panamalai Villupuram Villupuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 29; ARE 1916, photo-litho fp.114; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XIX, pp. 113-114; IA., Vol. XLVIII, pp. 231ff. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 30; ARE 1916, photo-litho fp.112; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. I, no. 31, p.24; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 57-59

67 Atiranachandesvara cave Salavankuppam Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 24 and 25; temple South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. I, no. 21and 22; Ep. Ind., Vol. X, no. 23 and 24; Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 125- 30

68 Devayani-amman shrine in the Tirupporur Chengalpattu Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 27. Kandasvami temple

69 Vyagrapulisvarar temple Vayalur Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 26; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XVIII, pp. 150-51.

70 Magilampalli (Arivar koil) Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Do. ARIEp., 1954-55, no. 360 Mahendravarman III

71 Mahendravarmesvara shrine in Do. Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 63 the Kailasanatha temple Paramesvaravarman II (728-731 A.D.)

72 Tiru Agastisvarattu Mahadevar Avinur Cuddalore Cuddalore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. VII, p. 331

73 Virattanesvara temple Tiruvadigai Panruti Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 71 and 73; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 10001. Nandivarman II (731-796 A.D.)

74 Lower Siva cave temple (no.2) Vallam Chengalpattu Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, pp. 132- 34

75 Northern Vishnu cave temple Do. Do. Do. Ibid., p. 134 (no.3)

76 Guhai Varadarajaperumal koil Avur Tiruvannamalai Tiruvannamalai Dayalan, D 2003, pp. 194-99

77 Vishnu rock cut cell Kilmavilangai Tindivanam Villupuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1964, p. 130

78 Jaina temple Sattamangalam Vandavasi Tiruvannamalai Damalica, 1970, pp. 121-7

79 Jaina temple Vedal Tiruvannamalai Do. ARIEp., 1909, no. 82

80 Margarahayesvara temple Vrinchipuram Vellore Vellore ARIEp., 1939-40, no. 209

81 Vaikuntha perumal temple Uttiramerur Uttiramerur Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 92; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, p. 68

82 Muktisvara temple Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 67-68

83 Rock cut cave and Jaina yakshi Panchapandavamal-Walajapet Vellore Soundara Rajan, K. V., 198, pp. image ai 100-01; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. IV, no. 14a.

84 Gramadevata Ulaganayaki Sadupperi Vellore Do. ARIEp., 1887, no. 27; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. ammal temple I, no. 108.

85 Sundaravarada perumal temple Uttiramerur Uttiramerur Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 9296; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 73–75

86 Vaikunthaperumal temple Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 68-73

87 Chandraprabha temple Tirupparuttikunram Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 74; Soundara Rajan, K. V., 198, pp. 100-01; Ramachandran, T. N. 1934, pp. 11-18.

88 Kailasanatha temple Tirupattur Tiruchirappali Tiruchirappali Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 74- 76; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1975, pp. 259-63

89 Tiruvanmur Subrahmanya Mallam Nellore Nellore TASSI, 1956-60, pp.17-27 temple

90 Kotragramattu koil Kotragrama Vellore Vellore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. II, no. 74

91 Vadasikhara koil Tiruvallam Gudiyattam Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. III, no. 42 Dantivarman (796-846 A.D.)

92 Adikesavaperumal temple Kuram Uttiramerur Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 96- 97; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 77–78

93 Vanadhisvara temple Vayalaikkavur Do. Do. Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1979, p. 376; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 39 and 197.

94 Pundarikaksha perumal temple Tiruvellarai Lalgudi Tiruchirappalli Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, and Svastika shaped step-well. pp. 60–63; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 32. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 40; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XI, p. 157

95 Kailasanatha temple Uttiramerur Uttiramerur Kanchipuram Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 96

96 Parthasaratisvami temple Tiruvallikkeni Chennai Chennai Epigraphia Indica , Vol. VIII, pp. 290-96.

97 Virattanesvara temple Kilur Rasipuram Salem South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971, pp. 85-88

98 Parasuramesvara temple Gudimallam Sri Kalahasthi Chittoor Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XI, no. 22a.

99 Padmavati Amman temple Tiruchchanur Tirupathi Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 43.

100 Etruk-Kunranar Bhattari Tondur Gingee Villupuram Ibid., no. 42.

101 Tirumetrali temple Pillaipalayam Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Ibid., no. 44

102 Varadarajaperumal temple Alambakkam Lalgudi Tiruchchirappalli Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 97-98

103 Saptamatra temple Do. Do. Do. Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 98- 99; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 103–104 Nandivarman III (846-869 A.D.)

104 Naganathesvara temple Pallikonda Vellore Vellore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 45

105 Vaikunthavasa-Perumal temple Kiliyanur Vanur Villupuram South Indian Inscriptions vol. XII, no. 47 Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 100; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, p. 196

106 Ghritastanesvara temple Tillaisthanam Thanjavur Thanjavur Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 160–164.

107 Sundaresvara temple Sendalai Do. Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. VI, no. 445; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 137-40.

108 Muktesvara temple Kaverippakkam Arakkonam Vellore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 50 Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 198-99.

109 Munkudumisvara temple P. V. Kalattur Madurantakam Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 51.

110 Vallisvara temple Mangadu Sriperumbudur Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 53 and 85.

111 Arunachalesvara temple Tiruvannamalai Tiruvannamalai Tiruvannamalai SITI., Vol. I, 113

112 Ulagalandaperumal temple Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Kanchipuram ARE, 1893, p. 5

113 Tirukkaliesvarattu Mahadeva Nallur Thanjavur Thanjavur ARE., 1975, no. 120

114 Dhavalagirisvara temple Vandavasi Vandavasi Tiruvannamalai South Indian Inscriptions , VII, no. 80

115 Vajnesvarattu Mahadevar Kattuppalli Ponneri Tiruvallur South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. II, no. 98

116 Bilvanathesvara temple Tiruvallam Gudiyattam Vellore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. III, no. 43; South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. VI, no. 282

117 Vilupperundaya Vishnugriham Padur Ambattur Tiruvallur South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 54

118 Sadaiyar temple TiruchchennampunThanjavur Thanjavur Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971, di pp. 56-58

119 Tirukkodisvara temple Tirukkodikkaval Kumbhakonam Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 55, 74 and 78; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971, pp. 174-176

120 Adimulesvara temple Tiruppalatturai Tiruchirappalli Tiruchirappalli South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 57; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 126–128.

121 Bilvanathesvara temple Tiruvaigavur Papanasam Thanjavur South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 58; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971,pp. 257-58

122 Valmikanatha temple Tiruvotriyur Ambattur Tiruvallur ARIEp., 1937-38, no. 162.

123 Risabanatha (Jaina) temple Perumandur Tindivanam Villupuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. VII, no. 847.

124 Vitrirundaperumal temple Veppaththur Tiruvidaimarudur Thanjavur The Hindu, Chennai edition, Dated 11/06/2010. Nrpatungavarman (869-901 A.D.)

125 Saptarishisvara temple Lalgudi Lalgudi Tiruchirappalli South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 60; Epigraphia Indica , Vol. XX, no. 52; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971, pp. 115-16.

126 Vataranyesvara temple Tiruvalangadu Tiruttani Tiruvallur South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 64 and 66; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1979, pp.31-35.

127 Konkanisvara temple Kaverippakkam Arakkonam Vellore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no 67; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 198-99.

128 Kailasanatha temple ParamesvaramangalCheyyur Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 68 and 69; am Balasubrahmanyam, S.R., 1971, pp. 207-08.

129 Adhipurisvarar temple Tiruvotriyur Ambattur Tiruvallur South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 70, 87-88, 90-93, 100, 103 and 105; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971, pp. 97-99; Ibid., 1975, pp. 299309.

130 Varadarajaperumal temple Kaverippakkam Arakkonam Vellore South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, nos. 79, 82, 98,104; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 198-99.

131 Virattanesvara temple Kandiyur Kumbakkonam Thanjavur Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 146–149.

132 Saptamatri shrine in the Puduppakkam Chengalpattu Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions vol. XII, nos. 76 and 86. Seliyamman temple

133 Venkatesaperumal temple Tirumukkudal Kanchipuram Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 75.

134 Siva temple Pillaippakkam Sriperumbudur Do. Ibid., nos. 80 and 81.

135 Agastisvara temple Achcharavakkam Chengalpattu Do. Ibid., no. 83.

136 Siva temple Kumaravadi Madurantakam Do. ARIEp., 2001-02, no. B 196; IAR., 1990-91.

137 Siva temple Peranakkavur Uttiramerur Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 77.

138 Sri Mulattanattu Devar Ennayiram Vikravandi Villupuram ARIEp., 1990-91

139 Perumpidugu Pallavesvara Chittur (Sitrur) Vellore Vellore APGAS., Vol. III, pp. 3-76 griham

140 Nallur Tali Tandanttotam Kumbakkonam Thanjavur ARIEp., 1967-68, no. B 251

141 Kalabhatariyar Kandiyur Tiruvaiyaru Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. V, no. 572

142 Palaiya Tali Do. Tiruvaiyaru Do. Do.. Kampavarman (869-910 A.D.)

143 Svarnamukhisvara temple Kalinj# ur Vellore Vellore ARIEp., nos. 952-53, 201

144 Chandranathasvami temple Sattamangalam Vandavasi Tiruvannamalai Damalica, 1970, pp. 121-27

145 Isvara temple Colapuram Vellore Vellore Epigraphia Indica , Vol. VIII, no. 26A

146 Vishnu temple Ukkal Cheyyar Tiruvannamalai Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966: 206–208.

147 Lakshminarayana temple Kavantandalam Kanchipuram Kanchipuram Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1975: 285.

148 Chandramoulisvara temple Brahmadesam Cheyyar Tiruvannamalai South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 107; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983: 104. Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966: 201–205.

149 Perumal temple Colapuram Vellore Vellore Epigraphia Indica , Vol. VII, no. 26B

150 Astrapurisvara temple Anur Tirukkalukunram Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions ,Vol. XII, no. 109.

151 Perumal temple Uthukkadu Kanchipuram Do. Ibid., no. 108.

152 Visalesvara temple Vikkanampundi Tiruttani Tiruvallur Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 103

153 Jaina/ Buddhist monasteries Kilputtur Ambattur Do. South Indian Inscriptions , Vol. XII, no. 102

154 Mahadevar koyil Mullaivayil Do. Do. Ibid., Vol. VI, no. 314

155 Puliyur Mahadevar Uttiramerur Uttiramerur Kanchipuram Ibid., Vol. VI, no. 285

156 Niranjanesvarattu Mahadevar Tiruvotriyur Ambattur Tiruvallur Ibid., Vol. XII, no.105

157 Bhatari Koyil Mallam Chittamuru Nellore Ibid., no. 106 Aparajitavarman (895-913 A.D.)

158 Matangesvara temple Satyavedu Ponneri Tiruvallur South Indian Inscriptions , vol. XII, no. 86 and 89.

159 Virattanesvara temple Tiruttani Tiruttani Do. Ibid., no. 94 and 95; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 102-03; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1971, pp. 247-49 and 343-44.

160 Subrahmanya swamy temple Do. Do. Do. Nagaswamy, R. 1979, pp. 5–9.

161 Agastisvara temple Ponneri Ponneri Do. ARIEp., 1933-34, no. 15;

162 Vishnu temple Sirudavur Chengalpattu Kanchipuram Ibid., 1933-34, no.87

163 Kumbhesvara temple Pattaraipperumbur Tiruvallur Tiruvallur Ibid., 1952-53, no. 236

164 Jalanathesvara temple Thakkolam Vellore Vellore Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 101; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 210–215.

165 Vaikunthavasa perumal temple Nemmali Tiruvallur Tiruvallur Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, p. 101; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 78–79.

166 Vyagrapurisvara temple Tiruppulivanam Uttiramerur Kanchipuram South Indian Inscriptions , vol. XII, no. 96; Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1979, pp. 36-40.

167 Sundararajaperumal temple Kannigaipper Uttukkottai Tiruvallur ARIE p., 1949-50, no. 215

168 Tinunagesvara temple Kalambakkam Chengalpattu Kanchipuram Balasubrahmanyam, S.R. 1966, pp. 78; Srinivasan, K.R. 1983, pp. 99-100.

169 Vadamallisvara temple Oragadam Tirukkalukunram Do. Srinivasan, K.R., 1983, p. 105

170 Ruined temple Sumangali Cheyyar TiruvannamalaiSrinivasan, K.R. 1983, p.100

171 Desavallabha Jinalaya Kirappakkam Tiruvallur Tiruvallur ARIE p., 1934-35, no. 22

172 Cholamalyisvara griham Tiruvotriyur Ambattur Do. South Indian Inscriptions , XII, no. 93

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