Kottam, Kōṭṭam: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Kottam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, biology, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Koṭṭam [in the Malayalam language] is another name for “Kuṣṭha” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning koṭṭam] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: A study of place names of Nalgonda district

Kottam is one of the terms designating an ‘administrative division’ used in the inscriptions of Andhra Pradesh.—In the Chalukya period kottam was a sub-division of nadu which was controled by a fort; e.g., Boyakottam in the Addanki inscription of Gunaga Vijayaditya. This appellation denoting bigger division, was in vogue in Tamil Nadu and in the adjoining southern part of Andhradesa at the time of the Cholas. Tiruvengada-kottam in Chittoor district remained a territorial unit from 9th to 11th century as a sub-division of Jayangondasola-mandalam. This kottam had a number of nadus as sub-divisions. Therefore in the Chola administrative set up mandalams were the largest divisions which were divided into kottams and the latter into nadus.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Koṭṭam.—(IE 8-4; EI 27), Tamil; a district; a district within a maṇḍala or province. (ASLV), a division of the rājya; sometimes subdivided into nāḍus. Note: koṭṭam is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Kottam in the Tamil language is the name of a plant identified with Tarenna asiatica (L.) Kuntze ex K.Schum. from the Rubiaceae (Coffee) family having the following synonyms: Rondeletia asiatica, Webera corymbosa, Chomelia asiatica. For the possible medicinal usage of kottam, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Kottam in India is the name of a plant defined with Cheilocostus speciosus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Banksia speciosa Koenig (among others).

2) Kottam is also identified with Saussurea auriculata It has the synonym Aplotaxis auriculata DC. (etc.).

3) Kottam is also identified with Saussurea costus It has the synonym Aplotaxis lappa Decaisne (etc.).

4) Kottam is also identified with Tarenna asiatica It has the synonym Stylocoryna attenuata Voigt (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Linnaea (1846)
· Transactions of the Linnean Society of (1845)
· Enum. Philipp. Fl. Pl. (1924)
· Species Plantarum (1753)
· Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan (1939)
· Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society (1999)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Kottam, for example health benefits, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, chemical composition, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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