Khandikya, Khāṇḍikya: 4 definitions


Khandikya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (K) next»] — Khandikya in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Bhagavata Purana

Khāṇḍikya (खाण्डिक्य):—Son of Mitadhvaja (one of the two sons of Dharmadhvaja). He was expert in Vedic ritualistic ceremonies. Khāṇḍikya fled in fear of Keśidhvaja. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.13.20-21)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Khāṇḍikya (खाण्डिक्य).—A Kṣatriya King. Keśidhvaja was the son of his paternal uncle. Both had learned well the ways of union with the divine life. Khāṇḍikya had become an expert in Karmayoga (the path of action) for becoming one with the divine life whereas Keśidhvaja tried to achieve oneness with divine life by Jñāna Yoga (the path of knowledge or spiritual attainment). Each desired to subdue the other. Consequently Khāṇḍikya lost his kingdom and had to live in a forest with his priest and minister. (Bhāgavata, Skandhas 9 and 13).

Keśidhvaja who tried the path of knowledge to attain Absolution performed several sacrifices for that purpose and cut himself asunder from the bonds of action. Once, while he was performing a sacrifice, a tiger came to the place of sacrifice and killed the sacrificial cow. Then Keśidhvaja asked the priests who were conducting the sacrifice, what the atonement was for the death of the sacrificial cow. The priests sent the King to the hermit Kaśeru, who sent the King to the hermit Bhṛgu. Hermit Bhṛgu in his turn sent the King to the hermit Śunaka. But the matter did not end there. The hermit Śunaka could not dictate the atonement for the death of the sacrificial cow. So he sent the King to Khāṇḍikya who was living in the forest. The moment Khāṇḍikya saw Keśidhvaja he stood ready to kill him. But Keśidhvaja revealed everything to Khāṇḍikya, When he understood the situation Khāṇḍikya told him with sincerity the rites given in the Śāstras (Vedāṅgas) to atone the death of the sacrificial cow.

Keśidhvaja returned and completed the sacrifice. The one item of 'gift to the teacher' alone remained. So Keśīdhvaja came to the forest again. Khāṇḍikya raised the sword to cut him. Keśidhvaja said that he had come to give Gurudakṣiṇā to the teacher. Khāṇḍikya repented his rashness and requested Keśidhvaja to tell him the ways of cutting himself asunder from the bonds of sorrow and grief. Keśidhvaja advised him the ways to obtain eternal bliss. (Nārada Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Khāṇḍikya (खाण्डिक्य).—The son of Mitadhvaja. He knew the truth of Karma. He was afraid of Keśidhvaja.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 13. 20-21.

1b) (Janaka, Vasudeva) the latter of which name is explained by Keśidhvaja in early times;1 heard on yoga; son of Amitadhvaja and king; in hostility driven out by Keśidhvaja came to him to consult on the form of expiation; after being instructed and after the penance, Keśidhvaja called over again to pay the preceptor's fee; Khāṇḍikya who had no more concerns in this life asked for instruction on the doctrine of the soul; heard of the nature of yoga from Keśidhvaja; making his son master of his belongings went to the woods for penance.2

  • 1) Viṣṇu-purāṇa VI. 1. 81-7.
  • 2) Ib. VI. 6. 5-50; 7. 102-03.
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context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (K) next»] — Khandikya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Khāṇḍikya (खाण्डिक्य):—[from khāṇḍa] m. Name of Janaka, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa vi, 6, 5 ff.]

2) [v.s. ...] of Mita-dhvaja, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 13, 20]

3) [v.s. ...] n. ([from] khaṇḍika), the state of a pupil (?) [gana] purohitādi.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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