Gayatra, Gāyatra: 5 definitions


Gayatra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Gāyatra (गायत्र).—A sūktam of the Sāma Veda to be recited in tank ritual;1 from the first face of Brahmā.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 58. 36; Vāyu-purāṇa 9. 48.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa I. 5. 53.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Gāyatra (गायत्र).—a. Consisting in or connected with गायत्री (gāyatrī); गर्गाद्यदुकुलाचार्याद्गायत्रं व्रतमास्थितौ (gargādyadukulācāryādgāyatraṃ vratamāsthitau) Bhāg.1.45.29.

-tram A song or hymn; एतद्गायत्रं प्राणेषु प्रोतम् (etadgāyatraṃ prāṇeṣu protam) Ch. Up.2.11.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāyatra (गायत्र).—i. e. gai + atra, I. m. and n. A song (ved.). Ii. f. trī. 1. A certain metre, Mahābhārata 6, 172. 2. A sacred verse from the Vedas: this is usually personified and cousidered as a goddess, Mahābhārata 3, 13432.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Gāyatra (गायत्र).—[masculine] [neuter] song, verse, hymn; [feminine] ī [Name] of a metre & a cert. sacred verse.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Gāyatra (गायत्र):—[from ] a m. n. a song, hymn, [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xi, 8; Chāndogya-upaniṣad ii, 11, 1]

2) [v.s. ...] n. a hymn composed in the Gāyatrī metre, [Ṛg-veda]

3) [v.s. ...] the Gāyatrī metre, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa i, 5, 52]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a Sāman, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa ix; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

5) [v.s. ...] mf(ī)n. consisting in or connected with the Gāyatrī (e.g. in accordance with the number of syllables of a Gāyatrī verse), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc.

6) [v.s. ...] with vrata = brahma-carya, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa x, 45, 29]

7) [from gāyaka] b etc. See, [ib.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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