Dharmeshvara, Dharmeśvara, Dharma-ishvara: 11 definitions


Dharmeshvara means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Dharmeśvara can be transliterated into English as Dharmesvara or Dharmeshvara, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Dharmeshvara in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर).—Near the well in Brahmatīrtham.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 111. 26.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Dharmeshvara in Shaivism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Śaivism

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर) is the name of a Liṅga (symbolical manifestation of Śiva) that is associated with the Dharma-tīrtha (a sacred bathing place). It represents the fifty-third of the sixty-four siddhaliṅgas mentioned in the Nepalese Tyasaphu (a folding book or leporello). At each of these spots Śiva is manifest as a Liṅga. Each of these liṅgas (e.g., Dharma-īśvara) has its own specific name, mantra, set of rituals and observances, auspicious time etc.

The auspiscious time for bathing near the Dharmeśvara-liṅga at the Dharma-tīrtha is mentioned as “jyeṣṭha-kṛṣṇāmavāsī” (latin: jyeshtha-krishnamavasi). This basically represents the recommended day for bathing there (snānadina).

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Tibetan Buddhism

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर) is the name of a Bodhisattva mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Dharmeśvara).

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Dharmeshvara in Mahayana glossary
Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर) refers to “mastery of the dharma”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, as Brahmā Prabhāvyūha address himself to the Lord: “O Lord, the greatness of the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja’s morality, concentration, supernormal knowledge, knowledge, insight, fulfilling vows, skillful means, highest intention, mastery of the dharma (dharmeśvara), ornaments for body, speech and thought, and mastery over all dharmas are marvelous! Since the Bodhisattva Gaganagañja has purified his former activities, he manifests all activities by body, speech, and thought without any effort [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Dharmeshvara in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर).—(1) name of a devaputra, one of the 16 guardians of the bodhimaṇḍa: Lalitavistara 277.14; (2) name of one or two Buddhas: Lalitavistara 171.14 (verse); Gaṇḍavyūha 285.21 (verse).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर).—[masculine] king of justice, [Epithet] of Yama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—father of Umāpati, grandfather of Candracūḍa (Pākayajñanirṇaya). L. 1814.

2) Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर):—father of Dhīrendra (Nityakarmalatā). L. 2411.

3) Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर):—Yājñavalkyasmṛtiṭīkā. Quoted by Śūlapāṇi Oxf. 283^a.

4) Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर):—son of Prabhākara: Jātakapaddhati.

5) Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर):—son of Rāmacandra: Muhūrtaśiromaṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर):—[from dharma > dhara] m. idem, [ib.] (-tīrtha n., [Śiva-purāṇa]; -liṅga n., [Skanda-purāṇa])

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Deva-putra, [Lalita-vistara]

3) [v.s. ...] of sub voce men, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] of sub voce authors (also ra-daivājña and rāgni-hotrin), [Catalogue(s)]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Dharmeśvara (धर्मेश्वर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Dhammīsara.

[Sanskrit to German]

Dharmeshvara in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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