Adhikarin, Adhikārin: 9 definitions

Introduction

Adhikarin means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vedanta (school of philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhikarin in Vedanta glossary
Source: Swami Krishnananda: Brahma Sutras

Adhikarin refers to “one who is competent to understand and study the Sastra”.—The Adhikarin is one who is of tranquil mind and has the attributes of Sama (quietude), Dama (self-control), etc., is full of faith, is constantly engaged in good thoughts and associates with the knowers of Truth, whose heart is purified by the due discharge of all duties, religious and secular, and without any idea of reward

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Vedanta (वेदान्त, vedānta) refers to a school of orthodox Hindu philosophy (astika), drawing its subject-matter from the Upanishads. There are a number of sub-schools of Vedanta, however all of them expound on the basic teaching of the ultimate reality (brahman) and liberation (moksha) of the individual soul (atman).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhikarin in Shaivism glossary
Source: archive.org: The Parakhya Tantra

Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्) (lit. “engaged in office”) refers to a title of Śiva which is applied when he “teaches the Rudras and others their duties”, according to the Parākhyatantra 2.96-99.—Accordingly, “the supreme Śiva is the same as the Lord who resides in a body; the Lord is both sakala and niṣkala (transcendent/devoid of divisions); He is the cause of creation, maintenance, destruction and grace. When He is sakala, He is called ‘engaged in office’ (adhikārin); he teaches the Rudras and others their duties; but the categorisation of the Lord as ‘engaged in office’ (adhikarin), ‘engaged in experience/enjoyment’ (bhogin), and ‘in resorption’ (layin) is not ultimately real. Śiva’s bestowing His grace depends on the transmission of His scripture (śāstra) from ācārya to pupil [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: archive.org: The Indian Buddhist Iconography

Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्) refers to the “right type of disciples for Tantric practices”.—Like all other sciences the Tantra is not also open to all and the sundry, but only for those who are initiated into the mysteries of the science, and are competent to follow the prescribed practices with patience and zeal. These are the right type of disciples for Tantric practices, and may be called the Adhikārins or rightful persons. In many Tantric works long chapters are devoted to the qualifications of the preceptors and disciples and there are also rules for their respective competence to give or receive initiation.

The Adhikārin must have a certain equipment before he proceeds to receive his initiation in the Tantra from a preceptor. And, in fact, as the Tantra path is an exceedingly difficult path, the disciple is required to have a great deal more equipment than is necessary for persuing any other Vidyā known to ancient India. First of all, the neophyte must be patient, enduring, devoted and sincere, and he must serve his preceptor with whole-hearted devotion. But the most important equipment necessary for him is that he should be proficient in the art of Yoga and Haṭhayoga without which it is not possible to proceed with any Sādhana worth the name or with any difficult Tantric practice. The process of the visualisation of the deity requires intensive training [...].

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Adhikārin.—(IE 8-3; EI 28; BL), ‘an officer’; same as Ādhikārika; cf. Kannaḍa Vĕrgaḍĕ, etc., and Sanskrit Adhyākṣa, meaning a superintendent, governor or director. (ASLV), explained as ‘a special officer or royal agent’. (EI 7), explained as ‘a minister’. (SII 2), explained as ‘a magistrate’. Cf. Viḍaiy-adhikāri, Viḍaiyil-adhikāri (SITI), an officer issu- ing royal orders. Note: adhikārin is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (A) next»] — Adhikarin in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्).—a. [astyarthe ini matup vā]

1) Possessed of authority, having power; निःस्पृहो नाधिकारी स्यात् (niḥspṛho nādhikārī syāt) Pt.1.164; सन्धिविग्रहकार्य°, कार्य° (sandhivigrahakārya°, kārya°) H.3.

2) Entitled to, having a right to; सर्वे स्युरधिकारिणः (sarve syuradhikāriṇaḥ); so उत्तराधिकारिन् (uttarādhikārin) heir; धनग्रहण° (dhanagrahaṇa°) &c.; तपस्यनधिकारित्वात् (tapasyanadhikāritvāt) R.15.51 not qualified or authorised.

3) Belonging to, owned by.

4) Fit for. -m. (rī-vān) 1 An official, officer; न निष्प्रयोजनम् अधिकारवन्तः प्रभुभिराहूयन्ते (na niṣprayojanam adhikāravantaḥ prabhubhirāhūyante) Mu.3; a functionary, superintendent, head, director, governor.

2) A rightful claimant, proprietor, master, owner.

3) One qualified to sacrifice or perform sacred works.

4) Man as the lord of creation.

5) One well versed in the Vedānta.

See also (synonyms): adhikāravat.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्).—m. (-rī) 1. A superintendent, a ruler, a director. 2. A master, an owner. 3. A sage, one who is perfect in principles and practice of the Vedanta. mf. (-rī-riṇī) (In law) The possessor of a right or title, as. dhanādhikārī heir to property; saṃskārādhikārī one who has a right to the essential ceremonies of the Hindu religion. E. adhikāra, and ini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्).—i. e. adhi -kāra + in, adj. 1. One who holds an office, [Pañcatantra] i. [distich] 180. 2. A superintendent, [Hitopadeśa] 61, 7. 3. One who is entitled to, or fit for, something, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 202, 9.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्).—[masculine] having an office, superintendent of (—°); a person being entitled to (—°), or fit for something.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Adhikārin (अधिकारिन्):—[=adhi-kārin] [from adhi-kṛ] mfn. possessing authority, entitled to, fit for

2) [v.s. ...] m. a superintendent, governor

3) [v.s. ...] an official, a rightful claimant

4) [v.s. ...] a man, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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