Cittirakutam, Cittirakūṭam, Cittira-kutam: 3 definitions


Cittirakutam means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Cittirakutam in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas

Cittirakūṭam (Tillai-Citamparam) refers to one of the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desam (divyadeśas or divyasthalas), located in the topographical division of Cōḻanāṭu (“Chola country”), according to the 9th century Nālāyirativviyappirapantam (shortly Nālāyiram).—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. The list of 108 [viz., Cittirakūṭam] seems to have reached maturation by about the early 9th century CE as all the deśas are extolled in the hymns of the twelve Āḻvārs.

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Cittirakutam in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples and cult of Sri Rama in Tamilnadu

Cittirakutam refers to one of the 108 divyadesas according to Priyavaccan Pillai’s compendium of the Ramayana based on the Nalayirativviyappirapantam.—Cittirakutam is the Govidaraja Temple within the Kuttan-Nataraja Temple of Tillai-Citamparam. Cittirakutam is identified with Citrakuta where Rama stayed in the forest. Govindaraja is by tradition Rama. The original of this temple is supposed to be in the West Car Street in Chidambaram.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Tamil dictionary

[«previous next»] — Cittirakutam in Tamil glossary
Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Cittirakūṭam (சித்திரகூடம்) [cittira-kūṭam] noun < citra-kūṭa.

1. Decorated or painted hall, hall hung with pictures; சித்திரசாலை. செல்வப் பொற்கிடுகு சூழ்ந்த சித்திரகூடம் [sithirasalai. selvap porkidugu suzhntha sithiragudam] (சீவகசிந்தாமணி [sivagasindamani] 2139).

2. Raised platform; தெற்றியம்பலம். (திவா.) [therriyambalam. (thiva.)]

3. A Viṣṇu shrine in Chidambaram; தில்லைத்திருமால் கோயில். தில்லைத்திருச்சித்திரகூடஞ் சென்று சேர்மின் களே [thillaithirumal koyil. thillaithiruchithiragudagn senru sermin kale] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் பெரியதி. [nalayira thivyappirapandam periyathi.] 3, 2).

4. A mountain in Bundlekhand where Rama stayed during his exile; இராமபிரான் வனவாசகாலத்தில் தங்கியிருந்த ஒரு வைத்திய மலையகராதி சித்திரகூடத்திருப்பச் சிறுகாக்கை முலை தீண்ட [iramapiran vanavasagalathil thangiyiruntha oru vaithiya malaiyagarathi sithiragudathiruppas sirugakkai mulai thinda] (நாலாயிர திவ்யப்பிரபந்தம் பெரிய.ாழ். [nalayira thivyappirapandam periyazh.] 3, 10, 6).

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Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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