Bhikshuki, Bhikṣukī: 4 definitions



Bhikshuki means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhikṣukī can be transliterated into English as Bhiksuki or Bhikshuki, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Arthashastra (politics and welfare)

Source: Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Society State and Polity: A Survey

Bhikṣukī (भिक्षुकी, “poisoner”) refers to a “mendicant woman” and represents one of the various covers of spies, forming part of a the intelligence apparatus of a state (rājya), according to the ancient Indian science of Society and Polity, as defined in Kauṭilya’s Arthaśāstra (4th century BCE).—Kauṭilya suggests mass participation in intelligence gathering through institutions such as religion. Spies could be under the guises such as Bhikṣukī.

Arthashastra book cover
context information

Arthashastra (अर्थशास्त्र, arthaśāstra) literature concerns itself with the teachings (shastra) of economic prosperity (artha) statecraft, politics and military tactics. The term arthashastra refers to both the name of these scientific teachings, as well as the name of a Sanskrit work included in such literature. This book was written (3rd century BCE) by by Kautilya, who flourished in the 4th century BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuki in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhikṣukī (भिक्षुकी).—f The business or profession of a bhikṣuka- Brahman.

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bhikṣukī (भिक्षुकी).—a Becoming or belonging to the bhikṣuka- Brahman. Ex. bhikṣukī kāvā -akṣara -kharca-bāṇā-bēta. Opp. throughout to gṛhasthī. q. v.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhikṣukī (भिक्षुकी).—f The profession of a bhikṣuka Brahman.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuki in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhikṣukī (भिक्षुकी):—[from bhikṣuka > bhikṣ] a f. See below.

2) [from bhikṣ] b f. (of [preceding]) a female mendicant, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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