Bhikshuni, Bhikṣuṇī: 6 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Bhikshuni means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhikṣuṇī can be transliterated into English as Bhiksuni or Bhikshuni, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuni in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Buddhism

Bhikṣuṇī (भिक्षुणी) is a Sanskrit word referring to a Buddhist female nun. The male monk is called a bhikkhu.

India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhikṣuṇī.—(EI 25; CII 3; LL), feminine form of Bhikṣu; ‘a Buddhist nun’; also called Śākya-bhikṣuṇī. Note: bhikṣuṇī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuni in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhikṣuṇī (भिक्षुणी).—(= Pali bhikkhunī), nun: common every-where, e.g. Mahāvyutpatti 8447—8; 8718; Lalitavistara 89.7; 161.9; Mahāvastu iii.49.10 ff.; Divyāvadāna 160.7; 202.14; 552.8 ff.; Avadāna-śataka ii.11.2 ff.; Bhikṣuṇī-karmavācanā 3a.1 etc.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣuṇī (भिक्षुणी):—[from bhikṣ] f. a Buddhist female mendicant or nun, [Lalita-vistara; Divyāvadāna] ([Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 86]).

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhikṣuṇī (भिक्षुणी):—(von bhikṣu) f. eine buddhistische Bettlerin [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 112.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 194. 203.] [Burnouf 278.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa 94. 157] (die ed. Calc. an beiden Stellen bhikṣukī). dūṣaka [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 204.] Eine aus dem Pāli in’s Sanskrit zurückgeführte Form.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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