Bhikshuka, Bhikṣuka: 12 definitions



Bhikshuka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhikṣuka can be transliterated into English as Bhiksuka or Bhikshuka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhikshuk.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuka in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक) refers to a “mendicant”, and is used to describe Śiva, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.29. Accordingly as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] Satī addressed Viṣṇu and others severally, taunting them. Satī said:—‘[...] Once the lord wandered (begging for alms) in Dāruvana. You, sages, cursed him in the guise of a mendicant (bhikṣuka). How is it that you have now forgotten what Śiva did on being cursed by you? The entire universe of the mobile and immobile was burnt by His Liṅga’”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuka in Jainism glossary
Source: Jaina Yoga

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक) refers to a classification of a śrāvaka (laymen), based on his progress through the pratimās, according to Āśādhara. Bhikṣuka refers to the first to six pratimās, also known as Uttama or Utkṛṣṭa (best)

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक).—m A Brahman beggar; a beggar.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक).—[bhikṣ-uka] A beggar, mendicant; आकीर्णं भिक्षुकैर्वान्यैरगारमुपसंव्रजेत् (ākīrṇaṃ bhikṣukairvānyairagāramupasaṃvrajet) Ms.6.51.

-kī A female mendicant; cf. [bhikṣuṇī] A Buddhist nun.

Derivable forms: bhikṣukaḥ (भिक्षुकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक).—mf. (-kaḥ-kī) A beggar. E. bhikṣu a beggar, kan added; or bhikṣa-uka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक).—[bhikṣu + ka], m., and f. , A beggar, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 180, 14.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक).—[masculine] = [preceding], [feminine] ī a female mendicant.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक):—[from bhikṣ] m. a beggar, mendicant, a Brāhman of the m° order (cf. bhikṣu), [Gṛhya-sūtra; Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc. ([Religious Thought and Life in India 386])

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक):—[(kaḥ-kī)] 1. m. 3. f. A beggar.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक):—(von bhikṣ oder von bhikṣu) m. = bhikṣu 1. gaṇa khaṇḍikādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 2, 45.] [Vyutpatti oder Mahāvyutpatti 80.] [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 2, 9.] [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 3, 243. 6, 51. 8, 360.] [Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 3, 59.] [Mahābhārata 13, 6693.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 31, 16. 2, 30, 43.] [Rāmāyaṇa] [Gorresio 2, 68, 56.] [KĀM. NĪTIS. 12, 43.] saṃtuṣṭo bhikṣukaḥ cintitācintitapradaḥ [Spr. 1097. 1243.] [Spr.] kṣatriyāṇāṃ im 4ten Th. [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 1, 3, 25, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 2,] [Scholiast] nikāya [Scholiast] zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 3, 3, 42.] gṛhastho brahmacārī ca vānaprastho tha bhikṣukaḥ . catvāra āśramāḥ proktāḥ [Mahābhārata 14, 1246.] [Harivaṃśa 15495. fg.] bhikṣukī f. Bettlerin [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa.3,3,141.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi.532.] [Halāyudha.2,332.] [Mahābhārata.1,3289. 12,11858.] [Rāmāyaṇa Gorresio 2,29,13.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa.9,18,16.] [Oxforder Handschriften 216,b,44.] [Daśakumāracarita] in [Benfey’ Chrestomathie aus Sanskritwerken 180,14.] [Rgva tch’er rol pa ed. Calc. 101,18. 184,16.] śākya [Daśakumāracarita 79, 11.] bhikṣukasatīsuta [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 549] (vgl. [Amarakoṣa 2, 6, 1, 26] und [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 1, 127, Scholiast]). bhikṣuka kann, je nachdem das Wort als ein näher bestimmender oder ein näher bestimmter Begriff gefasst wird, im comp. voranstehen oder nachfolgen nach gaṇa kaḍārādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 2, 2, 38.] — Vgl. dharma und bhaikṣuka.

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhikshuka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhikṣuka (भिक्षुक) [Also spelled bhikshuk]:—(nm) a beggar.

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