Bhakshana, Bhakṣaṇa: 19 definitions


Bhakshana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Bhakṣaṇa can be transliterated into English as Bhaksana or Bhakshana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Bakshan.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण, “consumption”) is described in the Uttara-Kāmikāgama (prāyaścittavidhi-paṭala) while explaining “material supervision”.—Bhakṣaṇa (eating or, here, consumption) is said to be of two types—that of the food offered to the Lord and that of the food which is yet to be offered to the Lord. One who appropriates the food produced from the lands belonging to the Lord also commits bhakṣaṇa. “That fool is a thief of my wealth” declares the Lord. One who eats or gives to others the food prepared for the Lord is also said to be a thief. It carries even higher penalty than eating naivedya. Even if the offender has learnt all the four Vedas, he will forget them.

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण) refers to “eating (meat)”, according to the 13th-century Matsyendrasaṃhitā: a Kubjikā-Tripurā oriented Tantric Yoga text of the Ṣaḍanvayaśāmbhava tradition from South India.—Accordingly, “[...] He should treat [all phenomena] as one, not as separate. He should not drink [alcohol] or eat meat (māṃsa-bhakṣaṇa) idly [with no ritual purpose]. He should not drink wine without first purifying it [with mantras], and he should consume meat after he has purified it with that [wine]. He should not answer the call of nature, should not sip water, etc., while reciting mantras or in an assembly. If he does so out of folly, the curse of the Yoginīs will fall on him. [...]”.

Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण) refers to “eating” (raw flesh), according to the Svacchanda-tantra.—Accordingly, [verse 4.3-6, while describing the interpretation of dreams]—“In [auspicious] dreams [the dreamer] drinks wine, eats raw flesh (āmamāṃsaāmamāṃsasya bhakṣaṇam), smears insect feces and sprinkles blood. He eats (bhakṣaṇa) food of sour milk and smears a white garment. [He holds] a white umbrella over his head, decorates [himself] with a white garland or ribbon. [He sees] a throne, chariot or vehicle, the flag of royal initiation. He decorates [these things] with a coral, betel leaf fruit. [He also] sees Śrī or Sarasvatī”.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Ayurveda glossary
Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण):—Ingestion oral administration

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण) refers to “having eaten (the husk)” (of rice), according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.44 (“Menā regains consciousness”).—Accordingly, as Menā said to her daughter (Pārvatī): “[...] Throwing away cooked rice you have eaten the husk (tuṣa-bhakṣaṇa). Spilling away the clarified butter you have eagerly swallowed castor oil. Setting the lion aside a jackal has been served by you. Without listening to the lore of Supreme Brahman you have heard base ballads. O daughter, casting off the holy sacrificial ashes at home you have taken the inauspicious ashes from the funeral pyre. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhakṣaṇa.—Tamil pakkiṇam (SITI), confection. Note: bhakṣaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण).—n (S) Eating. Pr. bhāta bhakṣaṇā pōḷī dakṣiṇā. 2 See bhakṣa.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण).—n Eating. bhakṣaṇīya a Eatable.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण).—a. (-ṇī f.) Eating, one who eats or devours.

-ṇam [bhakṣ-bhāve lyuṭ]

1) Eating, feeding or living upon.

2) Ved. A drinking vessel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण).—n.

(-ṇaṃ) Eeating. E. bhakṣ to eat, aff. lyuṭ .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण).—i. e. bhakṣ + ana, n. 1. Eating, [Pañcatantra] 114, 10; being eaten, 88, 25. 2. Enjoying, [Vedāntasāra, (in my Chrestomathy.)] in Chr. 219, 4.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण).—[adjective] enjoying (—°); [neuter] enjoyment, eating or drinking; being eaten by (inst.); drinking vessel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण):—[from bhakṣa > bhakṣ] mfn. eating, one who eats (cf. dāḍima-, pāpa-bh)

2) [v.s. ...] n. the act of eating, drinking, feeding, [???; Nirukta, by Yāska; Mahābhārata] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] eating what excites thirst, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] chewing, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] the being eaten by ([instrumental case]), [Manu-smṛti; Rāmāyaṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] (bha) a drinking vessel, [Ṛg-veda]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण):—(ṇaṃ) 1. m. Eating.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Bhakkhaṇa, Bhakkhaṇayā, Bhakkhāvaṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhakshana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhakṣaṇa (भक्षण) [Also spelled bakshan]:—(nm) eating, feeding (on);-[karanā] to eat, to devour, to feed on; hence [bhakṣaṇīya] (a) (see [bhakṣya]).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhakshana in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Bhakṣaṇa (ಭಕ್ಷಣ):—[noun] = ಭಕ್ಷಣೆ - [bhakshane -] 1 & 2.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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