Atatayin, Ātatāyin: 10 definitions
Atatayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—A Sanskrit technical term corresponding to “assassins”. According to Vaśiṣṭha (3.15-18), there are six kinds of assissins:
- An incendiary,
- a poisoner,
- one raising a weapon to strike,
- a robber,
- one who forcibly takes away land,
- abductor of another man’s wife,
And further: “One may slay an assassin who comes with the intention of killing, even though he may be knowing the whole Veda along with the Upaniṣads; by that act one does not incur the guilt of Brāhmaṇa-slaughter.” (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.350)
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—Those who set fire to buildings, administer poison, lift their weapons to strike, or practise ābhicāra or become talebearers or seditionists.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 116-9.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—a. or s. [आततेन विस्तीर्णेन शस्त्रादिना अयितुं शीलमस्य (ātatena vistīrṇena śastrādinā ayituṃ śīlamasya) Tv.]
1) 'One whose bow is stretched to take another's life', endeavouring to kill some one; a desperado; गुरुं वा बालवृद्धौ वा ब्राह्मणं वा बहुश्रुतम् । आततायिन- मायान्तं हन्यादेवाविचारयन् (guruṃ vā bālavṛddhau vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā bahuśrutam | ātatāyina- māyāntaṃ hanyādevāvicārayan) || Ms.8.35-51; Mb.3.36.1, Bg.1.36.
2) Anyone who commits a heinous crime; such as a thief, ravisher, murderer, incendiary, a felon &c.; अग्निदो गरदश्चैव शस्त्रोन्मत्तो धनापहः । क्षेत्रदारहरश्चै- तान् षड् विद्यादाततायिनः (agnido garadaścaiva śastronmatto dhanāpahaḥ | kṣetradāraharaścai- tān ṣaḍ vidyādātatāyinaḥ) || Śukra. °-tā -tvam murdering, stealing, destroying &c.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—mfn. (-yi-yinī-yi) A felon, a thief, a murderer, incendiary, ravisher, &c. E. ātata extended, every where, ī to go, and ṇini affix.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—i. e. ā-tata (vb. tan) + vin (y instead of v as in kiyant for kim + vant), I. adj. Assailing,
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—[adjective] having a stretched bow; threatening, inimical.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—[from ā-tan] mfn. having one’s bow drawn, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvi, 18]
2) [v.s. ...] ‘one whose bow is drawn to take another’s life’, endeavouring to kill some one, a murderer, [Manu-smṛti viii, 350 [sequens]; Mahābhārata etc.] (in later texts also incendiaries, ravishers, thieves etc. are reckoned among ātatāyinas).Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—[ā-tatāyin] (yī) 5. m. A felon.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Partial matches: A.
Ends with: Vrishalalatatayin.
Search found 7 books and stories containing Atatayin, Ātatāyin, A-tatayin, Ā-tatāyin; (plurals include: Atatayins, Ātatāyins, tatayins, tatāyins). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.351 < [Section XLV - Violence (hiṃsā)]
Verse 4.162 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 8.350 < [Section XLV - Violence (hiṃsā)]
Mahabharata (English) (by Kisari Mohan Ganguli)
Baudhayana Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Vasistha Dharmasutra (by Georg Bühler)
Yajnavalkya-smriti (Vyavaharadhyaya)—Critical study (by Kalita Nabanita)
Chapter 2.2b - The Vyavahāramātṛkā Delineated in the Vyavahārādhyāya < [Chapter 2 - The Vyavahārādhyāya of the Yājñavalkyasmṛti]
The Religion and Philosophy of Tevaram (Thevaram) (by M. A. Dorai Rangaswamy)
Nayanar 28: Thirugnana Sambandar (Tirujnana Campantar) < [Volume 4.1.1 - A comparative study of the Shaivite saints the Thiruthondathogai]