Atatayin, aka: Ātatāyin; 3 Definition(s)
Atatayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Dharmashastra (religious law)
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—A Sanskrit technical term corresponding to “assassins”. According to Vaśiṣṭha (3.15-18), there are six kinds of assissins:
- An incendiary,
- a poisoner,
- one raising a weapon to strike,
- a robber,
- one who forcibly takes away land,
- abductor of another man’s wife,
And further: “One may slay an assassin who comes with the intention of killing, even though he may be knowing the whole Veda along with the Upaniṣads; by that act one does not incur the guilt of Brāhmaṇa-slaughter.” (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.350)Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra
Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.
Purana and Itihasa (epic history)
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—Those who set fire to buildings, administer poison, lift their weapons to strike, or practise ābhicāra or become talebearers or seditionists.*
- * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 116-9.
The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.
Languages of India and abroad
Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—a. or s. [आततेन विस्तीर्णेन शस्त्रादिना अयितुं शीलमस्य (ātatena vistīrṇena śastrādinā ayituṃ śīlamasya) Tv.]
1) 'One whose bow is stretched to take another's life', endeavouring to kill some one; a desperado; गुरुं वा बालवृद्धौ वा ब्राह्मणं वा बहुश्रुतम् । आततायिन- मायान्तं हन्यादेवाविचारयन् (guruṃ vā bālavṛddhau vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā bahuśrutam | ātatāyina- māyāntaṃ hanyādevāvicārayan) || Ms.8.35-51; Mb.3.36.1, Bg.1.36.
2) Anyone who commits a heinous crime; such as a thief, ravisher, murderer, incendiary, a felon &c.; अग्निदो गरदश्चैव शस्त्रोन्मत्तो धनापहः । क्षेत्रदारहरश्चै- तान् षड् विद्यादाततायिनः (agnido garadaścaiva śastronmatto dhanāpahaḥ | kṣetradāraharaścai- tān ṣaḍ vidyādātatāyinaḥ) || Śukra. °-tā -tvam murdering, stealing, destroying &c.Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
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Ātatāyitā (आततायिता).—f. (-tā) Stealing, persecuting, murdering, destroying. E. ātatāyin and ta...
Search found 4 books and stories containing Atatayin or Ātatāyin. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Verse 8.351 < [Section XLV - Violence (hiṃsā)]
Verse 4.162 < [Section XIV - Other Duties]
Verse 8.350 < [Section XLV - Violence (hiṃsā)]
Baudhāyana Dharmasūtra (by Baudhāyana)
Vāsiṣṭha Dharmasūtra (by Vāsiṣṭha)
The Padma Purana (by N.A. Deshpande)