Atatayin, Ātatāyin: 10 definitions


Atatayin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Dharmashastra (religious law)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-śāstra

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—A Sanskrit technical term corresponding to “assassins”. According to Vaśiṣṭha (3.15-18), there are six kinds of assissins:

  1. An incendiary,
  2. a poisoner,
  3. one raising a weapon to strike,
  4. a robber,
  5. one who forcibly takes away land,
  6. abductor of another man’s wife,

And further: “One may slay an assassin who comes with the intention of killing, even though he may be knowing the whole Veda along with the Upaniṣads; by that act one does not incur the guilt of Brāhmaṇa-slaughter.” (Also see the Manubhāṣya, verse 8.350)

Dharmashastra book cover
context information

Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Atatayin in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—Those who set fire to buildings, administer poison, lift their weapons to strike, or practise ābhicāra or become talebearers or seditionists.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 227. 116-9.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—a. or s. [आततेन विस्तीर्णेन शस्त्रादिना अयितुं शीलमस्य (ātatena vistīrṇena śastrādinā ayituṃ śīlamasya) Tv.]

1) 'One whose bow is stretched to take another's life', endeavouring to kill some one; a desperado; गुरुं वा बालवृद्धौ वा ब्राह्मणं वा बहुश्रुतम् । आततायिन- मायान्तं हन्यादेवाविचारयन् (guruṃ vā bālavṛddhau vā brāhmaṇaṃ vā bahuśrutam | ātatāyina- māyāntaṃ hanyādevāvicārayan) || Ms.8.35-51; Mb.3.36.1, Bg.1.36.

2) Anyone who commits a heinous crime; such as a thief, ravisher, murderer, incendiary, a felon &c.; अग्निदो गरदश्चैव शस्त्रोन्मत्तो धनापहः । क्षेत्रदारहरश्चै- तान् षड् विद्यादाततायिनः (agnido garadaścaiva śastronmatto dhanāpahaḥ | kṣetradāraharaścai- tān ṣaḍ vidyādātatāyinaḥ) || Śukra. °-tā -tvam murdering, stealing, destroying &c.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—mfn. (-yi-yinī-yi) A felon, a thief, a murderer, incendiary, ravisher, &c. E. ātata extended, every where, ī to go, and ṇini affix.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—i. e. ā-tata (vb. tan) + vin (y instead of v as in kiyant for kim + vant), I. adj. Assailing, Chr. 3, 1. Ii. m. A felon, a murderer, a thief, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 8, 350.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्).—[adjective] having a stretched bow; threatening, inimical.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—[from ā-tan] mfn. having one’s bow drawn, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā xvi, 18]

2) [v.s. ...] ‘one whose bow is drawn to take another’s life’, endeavouring to kill some one, a murderer, [Manu-smṛti viii, 350 [sequens]; Mahābhārata etc.] (in later texts also incendiaries, ravishers, thieves etc. are reckoned among ātatāyinas).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ātatāyin (आततायिन्):—[ā-tatāyin] (yī) 5. m. A felon.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atatayin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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