Atavi, Āṭavī, Aṭavī, Aṭavi: 27 definitions


Atavi means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Āṭavī (आटवी).—A Vāyu.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 61. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Aṭavī (अटवी) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. VI.10.46, VIII.30.45) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Aṭavī) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Aṭavī (अटवी) refers to “forest” according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles [viz., Aṭavī] and vegetation’s relations between trees and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Aṭavī (अटवी) refers to a “forest”, and is mentioned in verse 2.38 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] one shall not lie down (too) long with raised knees, nor shall one stay at [...] (and) at an execution site, a forest [viz., aṭavī], an empty house, and a cremation ground not even in the day-time. By no means shall one look into the sun or carry a burden on one’s head”.

Note: Aṭavī (“forest”) has been translated by ’brog stoṅ (“barren wilderness”) as woods are not known in Tibet; Mahāvyutpatti 5266 equates the word to ’brog alone. Similarly, śmaśāna (“cremation ground”) has been replaced by dur-khrod (“funeral place”) because of the different customs in India and Tibet of disposing of the dead: while the Indians cremated the bodies, the Tibetans either buried, embalmed, burned, or cut them into pieces as food for animals (cf. Koeppen, Religion II p. 322 sq.). On material changes like this see Introduction § 27.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Aṭavi (अटवि) [=aṭavika?] refers to “forests”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] Prabhu, Yogin, Ānanda, Āvalī, Ātīta, Pāda, and the rest called Kulas (are) all (like) rivers that fall into the root transmission. They, the princes and the gods, bodies, forests (aṭavika), villages, houses and others that are born from the root (transmission) are like rivers (that flow) from the mountain of Kula”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Aṭavi (अटवि) refers to the “forests” (which were inspected by hunters), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, “Hunting on horseback (āśvina) represents one of the eight subdivisions of Hunting (mṛgayā). [...] It leads to the acquisition of religious merit, by killing ferocious animals such as wolves and tigers, by the protection of standing crop, by the slaughter of stags and other animals, by an inspection of the forest (aṭavi), which serves so many useful purposes, by frightening the thieves, and by conciliating forest tribes. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Aṭavī (अटवी) refers to a “forest”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Then the Bhagavān reached the vicinity of the residence of Vaiśravaṇa. In that region there was a choicest forest (aṭavī-vara) called Viṣavaka. There was a lotus lake in the middle of an opening of the forest. By the power of that lotus lake the fields, gardens, forests, groves, flowers and fruits in the capital of Aḍakavatī became refreshed [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Aṭavi (अटवि) refers to the “forest (of life)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Sentient beings, inflamed by very intense pleasure [and] unsteady from affliction by wrong faith, wander about in a five-fold life that is difficult to be traversed [com.janman-aṭavi—‘the forest of life’]. It has been stated at length that the cycle of rebirth which is full of suffering is five-fold on account of combining substance, place, right time, life and intention”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Personal and geographical names in the Gupta inscriptions

Aṭavī (अटवी) is a synonym for Vana (forest): a name-ending for place-names mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions (reigned from 3rd century CE). We find some place-names with the suffix denoting forest, for example Vindhyāṭavī, and Vṛndāvana. In our inscriptions we come across only three such names, Tumbavana and Vindhāṭavī, and Mahākāntāra. The suffixes vana, aṭavī and kāntāra are synonyms.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Aṭavī.—(CII 1), the forest-folk. (SITI), troops. Note: aṭavī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

aṭavi : (f.) forest.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Aṭavī, (f.) (Sk. aṭavī: Non-Aryan, prob. Dravidian) 1. forest, woods J. I, 306; II, 117; III, 220; DhA. I, 13; PvA. 277. ‹-› 2. inhabitant of the forest, man of the woods, wild tribe J. VI, 55 (= aṭavicorā C.).

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṭavī (अटवी).—f (S) A forest, wood, grove. Ex. padmāṭavīnta gaja ikṣumisēṃ nighālā || 2 In popular misapprehension. A wilderness or desert.

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āṭavī (आटवी).—f A shrub. It bears a white berry of intoxicating quality.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

aṭavī (अटवी).—f A forest. A wilderness.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṭavi (अटवि) or Aṭavī (अटवी).—f. [aṭanti carame vayasi mṛgayāvihārādyarthe vā yatra; aṭ ani, vā ṅīp] A forest, wood; अटवीतोऽटवीमाहीण्डमान (aṭavīto'ṭavīmāhīṇḍamāna); Ś.2. विघ्नध्वान्तनिवारणैकसरणिर्विघ्नाटवीहव्यवाट् (vighnadhvāntanivāraṇaikasaraṇirvighnāṭavīhavyavāṭ) |

Derivable forms: aṭaviḥ (अटविः).

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Āṭavī (आटवी).—[aṭavyāḥ sannikṛṣṭā pūḥ aṇ] Name of a city of the Yavanas in the south.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Aṭavī (अटवी).—(= Pali Āḷavī), name of a town: Mahā-Māyūrī 15, 90. Lévi identifies the first with the Pali city-name but thinks the second a different locality.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭavi (अटवि).—f.

(-viḥ) A forest, or wood. E. aṭa to go, and aṭi affix, or ṅīṣ being added aṭavī ut infra; birds, &c. resting there.

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Aṭavī (अटवी).—f. (-vī) A forest, or grove. See aṭavi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭavī (अटवी).— (vb. aṭ. ), f. A wood.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭavī (अटवी).—[feminine] forest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṭavi (अटवि):—[from aṭ] f. ‘place to roam in’, a forest.

2) Aṭavī (अटवी):—[from aṭ] f. ‘place to roam in’, a forest.

3) Āṭavī (आटवी):—[from āṭavika] f. Name of a town, [Mahābhārata ii, 1175.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭavi (अटवि):—f.

(-viḥ or -vī) A forest or wood. E. aṭ, kṛt(?) aff. avi, without or with fem. aff. ṅīṣ. The E. is uncertain.

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Aṭavī (अटवी):—f.

(-vī) A forest or grove. See aṭavi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṭavi (अटवि):—(viḥvī) 2. 3. f. A forest.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Aṭavi (अटवि) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Aḍai, Aḍaī, Aḍāva, Aḍavī.

[Sanskrit to German]

Atavi in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Aṭavi (ಅಟವಿ):—[noun] an old measure of quantity.

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Aṭavi (ಅಟವಿ):—[noun] a vast tract of uncultivated land covered by wild growth of trees, shrubs etc.; forest.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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