Agraja, Agra-ja: 15 definitions

Introduction:

Agraja means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: Elements of Art and Architecture in the Trtiyakhanda of the Visnudharmottarapurana (natya)

Agraja (अग्रज) refers to one of the three types of Sandaṃśa: one of the twenty-two Asaṃyuktahastas or “single hand gestures” (in Indian Dramas), according to the Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa, an ancient Sanskrit text which (being encyclopedic in nature) deals with a variety of cultural topics such as arts, architecture, music, grammar and astronomy.—The hasta-mudrās (lit. “hand-gestures”) are very essential to denote some particular action or state in dancing and these mudrās are formed with the help of hands and fingers.—The word sandaṃśa means kaṅkamukha i.e., a pair of tong. Tong is a kind of tool which is used to hold something. [...] The Viṣṇudharmottarapurāṇa speaks of three kinds this form viz., agraja, mukhaja and pārśvakṛta and it gives detailed discussion of the usages of each one clearly. The agraja-sandaṃśa-hasta is used for holding and extraction of thorns or splinters.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Agraja.—(EI 23), the elder brother (or cousin); rarely used wrongly in the sense of ‘the eldest son’ (EI 9). Note: agraja is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

Agraja in India is the name of a plant defined with Phoenix dactylifera in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Palma major Garsault (among others).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Matiere médicale (1767)
· Species Plantarum
· Icones et Descriptiones Plantarum (1793)
· Malesia Raccolta (1890)
· Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences (1952)
· Historia Naturalis Palmarum (1838)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Agraja, for example health benefits, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, side effects, pregnancy safety, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

agraja (अग्रज).—a S (ja-jā-jaṃ m f n) Elder-born.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

agraja (अग्रज).—a Elder-born.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Agraja (अग्रज).—a. [agre jāyate; jan-ḍa.] first born or produced; आनन्देनाग्रजेनेव (ānandenāgrajeneva) R.1.78. (-jaḥ) 1 the first born, an elder brother; सुमतिं ममाग्रजमवगच्छ (sumatiṃ mamāgrajamavagaccha) M.5; अस्त्येव मन्युर्भरताग्रजे मे (astyeva manyurbharatāgraje me) R.14.73.

2) a Brāhmaṇa.

- an elder sister; so °जात, °जातक, °जाति (jāta, °jātaka, °jāti).

Agraja is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms agra and ja (ज).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agraja (अग्रज).—m.

(-jaḥ) 1. An elder brother; the first-born. 2. A Brahman. mfn.

(-jaḥ-jā-jaṃ) First-born or produced. E. agra first, ja who is born.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agraja (अग्रज).—[agra-ja]. I. adj., f. . Firstborn. Ii. m. 1. An elder brother, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 171. 2. A Brāhmaṇa, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 20.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agraja (अग्रज).—[adjective] first-born (also ); [masculine] eldest brother.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Agraja (अग्रज):—[=agra-ja] [from agra] mfn. (cf. ) born first or earlier

2) [v.s. ...] m. the first-born, an elder brother, [Manu-smṛti] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] a Brahman, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā etc.]

4) Agrajā (अग्रजा):—[=agra-jā] [from agra-ja > agra] a f. an elder sister.

5) [=agra-jā] [from agra] b mfn. first-born, [Ṛg-veda ix, 5, 9.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Goldstücker Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agraja (अग्रज):—[tatpurusha compound] I. m. f. n.

(-jaḥ-jā-jam) First-born or produced. Ii. m.

(-jaḥ) 1) An elder brother; the first-born.

2) A Brahman. Iii. f.

(-jā) An elder sister. E. agra and ja.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Agraja (अग्रज):—[agra-ja] (jaḥ) 1. m. An elder brother.

[Sanskrit to German]

Agraja in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Agraja (ಅಗ್ರಜ):—

1) [noun] an elder brother.

2) [noun] a man belonging to Brāhmaṇa caste; a Brāhmaṇa.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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