Vinaya Pitaka (3): Khandhaka

by I. B. Horner | 2014 | 386,194 words | ISBN-13: 9781921842160

The English translation of the Khandhaka: the second book of the Pali Vinaya Pitaka, one of the three major ‘baskets’ of Therevada canonical literature. It is a collection of various narratives. The English translation of the Vinaya-pitaka (third part, khandhaka) contains many Pali original words, but transliterated using a system similar to the I...

On training rules

Kd.1.56.1 Then it occurred to the novices: “Now, how many rules for training are there for us and in which we are to train?” They told this matter to the Lord. He said:

“Monks, I allow ten rules for training for novices[1] and novices to train in these:

  1. Restraint from onslaught on creatures;[2]
  2. Restraint from taking what is not given;[3]
  3. Restraint from unchastity;[4]
  4. Restraint from lying;[5]
  5. Restraint from the occasion of sloth (induced by) fermented liquor, spirits and strong drink;[6]
  6. Restraint from eating at the wrong time;[7]
  7. Restraint from seeing shows[8] of dancing, singing and music;[9]
  8. Restraint from the occasion of using garlands, scents, unguents BD.4.106 and wearing finery; Vin.1.84
  9. Restraint from using high beds, large beds;[10]
  10. Restraint from accepting gold and silver.[11]

“I allow monks, these ten rules for training for novices and novices to train in these.”

Footnotes and references:


Novice is defined at Vin.4.122 (BD.2.412) as one conforming to ten rules for training; also female novice is so defined at Vin.4.343 (BD.3.411).


Bu-Pj.3, Bu-Pc.61. These restraints or abstinences occur at e.g. DN.i.4ff., AN.i.211, AN.ii.209, AN.iv.247ff., SN.v.469, Pp.58. Cf. DN-a.69ff.


Cf. Bu-Pc.61


visūka appears to mean twisting, wriggling, restless motion. On the miming nature of singing, dancing and music see BD.3.xl, note and BD.4.298, n.2. These shows where movement was a feature were of quite a different character from shows of inanimate objects. Nuns were forbidden to visit these latter by their Bu-Pc.41.


A dukkaṭa for monks to see these, Vin.2.108; a Pācittiya for nuns to see them, Bi-Pc.10.


Cf. Bu-Pc.87.

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