by K. C. Lalwani | 1973 | 185,989 words
The English translation of the Bhagavati-sutra which is the fifth Jaina Agama (canonical literature). It is a large encyclopedic work in the form of a dialogue where Mahavira replies to various question. The present form of the Sutra dates to the fifth century A.D. Abhayadeva Suri wrote a vritti (commentary) on the Bhagavati in A.D. 1071. In his J...
103. “Ādhākarma28 is free from sin”—if a monk cherishes such an idea, and if he dies without discussing and doing pratikramaṇa for the lapse, he cannot be said to have had propitiation (ārādhanā). If, on the other hand, a monk dies after discussing and doing pratikramaṇa for the lapse, then he may be said to have had the (necessary) propitiation.
By the same standard, the following are to be known:
- a thing bought for the monk,
- a thing stored or hoarded for the monk,
- a thing prepared for the monk,
- sharing food prepared in a forest (for the beggars),
- sharing food prepared during a famine (for the seekers),
- sharing food prepared during bad times,
- sharing food prepared for the ailing persons,
- accepting food from the householder in whose house the monk is stationed,
- and partaking a portion of food prepared for the king.
Q. 104. “Ādhākarma is sin-free”—one who declares like this in the presence of many persons, and who uses food, etc., prepared for him,—if such one dies without discussing and without doing pratikramaṇa, can he be said to have had propitiation?
A. 104. It is as before,...till partaking food prepared for the king.
Q. 105. “Ādhākarma is sin-free”'—when so saying monks give to one another, can they be said to have had propitiation?
A. 105. As aforesaid,...till partaking food prepared for the king.
Q. 106. “Ādhākarma is sin-free”—when so saying one strives to establish it in the presence of many men, can he be said to have had propitiation?
A. 106. (The same as before),...till partaking food prepared for the king.
Notes (based on commentary of Abhayadeva Sūri):
28. Ādhākarma has been defined as follows:
ādhayā sādhu-praṇidhānena yat sacetanamacetanaṃ kriyate acetanaṃ va pacyate cīyate vā gṛhādikam vayate vā vastrādikaṃ tadādhākarma
[When a live object is deprived of its life for the sake of a monk, a non-live object is boiled, a building is erected, cloth is woven (all for the use of a monk), such acts become ādhākarma.]
Also included in ādhākarma are racitaka (reshaping or remaking of food), krītakṛta (buying), sthāpita (storing), etc.