Pratikramana, Pratikramaṇa: 7 definitions


Pratikramana means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratikramana in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Pratikramaṇa (प्रतिक्रमण, “repentance”) represents one of the seven types of prāyaścitta (‘expiation’). Prāyaścitta means ‘purification’ of from the flaws or transmigressions.

Pratikramaṇa is a Sanskrit technical term defined in the Tattvārthasūtra (ancient authorative Jain scripture) from the 2nd century, which contains aphorisms dealing with philosophy and the nature of reality.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 9: Influx of karmas

Pratikramaṇa (प्रतिक्रमण).—What is meant by repentance-expiation (pratikramaṇa-prāyaścitta)? To express in words (speech) the feelings /wish of renunciation of the transmigressions /errors i.e. ‘my deeds be condoned’, is called repentance-expiation.

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 1

Pratikramaṇa (प्रतिक्रमण) refers to one of the fourteen limbs of the external-corpus (aṅga-bāhya). The Aṅgabāhya refers to one of the two types of scriptural knowledge (śruta), which refers to one of the five types of knowledge (jñāna). according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 1.20, “scriptural knowledge (śruta) preceded by sensory knowledge (mati) is of two, or of twelve or of many kinds (eg., pratikramaṇa)”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Pratikramaṇa.—(LP), morning and evening prayers. Note: pratikramaṇa is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (P) next»] — Pratikramana in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pratikramaṇa (प्रतिक्रमण).—Ved.

1) Stepping towards.

2) (With Buddhists) A confession.

Derivable forms: pratikramaṇam (प्रतिक्रमणम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pratikramaṇa (प्रतिक्रमण).—[neuter] stepping towards.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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