Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

यत्र लिङ्गादि-भेदेऽपि सारूप्याद् रूपं न भिद्यते तत्र नैष दोषः. यथा,

yatra liṅgādi-bhede'pi sārūpyād rūpaṃ na bhidyate tatra naiṣa doṣaḥ. yathā,

However, a difference of gender does not cause a problem if the grammatical form is the same. Three examples are shown:

hanta ratnair ivānarghyai rāma-nāmākṣarotkaraiḥ |
bhūṣito’haṃ bhūri-bhāgaḥ kim anyair bhūṣaṇais tataḥ ||

I am very fortunate: I am adorned with multitudes of syllables of Rāma’s names, which are like priceless jewels. What is the use of other ornaments?


Here the simile is: “The multitudes (utkara) are like jewels (ratna).” The word utkara is masculine whereas the word ratna is neuter, but there is no fault because each one is declined in the third case plural: From the third case onward, there is no difference in inflection between a masculine word and a neuter word.

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