Utkara, Utkāra: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Utkara means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 5: The category of the non-living

Utkara (उत्कर) refers to one of the six types of division (bheda) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 5.24.—What is the meaning of utkara? Sawdust created by sawing a piece of wood is called utkara.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Utkara.—(IE 8-5), probably, minor taxes; but see kāru-kara. Cf. upakara, nikara, etc. But see also Ghoshal, H. Rev. Syst., p. 47. Note: utkara is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Utkara (उत्कर).—See under उत्कॄ (utkṝ).

Derivable forms: utkaraḥ (उत्करः).

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Utkara (उत्कर).—a. (-rā, -rī f.) [कॄ-अप् (kṝ-ap)] That which piles or throws up or raises.

-raḥ 1 A heap, multitude; नखांशूत्करः (nakhāṃśūtkaraḥ) Kirātārjunīya 8.5.

2) A pile, stack.

3) Rubbish, what is thrown up (mūṣikotkara) Mṛcchakaṭika 3.

4) A bunch (as of flowers); पादपान्कुसुमोत्करान् (pādapānkusumotkarān) Rām.2.55.3.; Bhāgavata 7.1.69.

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Utkāra (उत्कार).—[kṝ-ghañ kṝ dhānye P.III.3.3]

1) Winnowing corn.

2) Piling up corn. उत्कारेण धान्यानामनभीष्टपरिग्रहाः (utkāreṇa dhānyānāmanabhīṣṭaparigrahāḥ) Bk.

3) One who sows corn.

Derivable forms: utkāraḥ (उत्कारः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utkara (उत्कर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-rī-raṃ) 1. What lifts or raises. 2. What piles or heaps, what makes up. m.

(-raḥ) A heap, a pile, a stack, &c. E. ut up, and kara what makes, from kṛ and ṭa or ap aff.

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Utkāra (उत्कार).—m.

(-raḥ) 1. Winnowing corn. 2. Piling it up. E. ut up, and kṝ to scatter, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utkara (उत्कर).—i. e. ud-kṛ10 + a, m. A heap, plenty, [Rāmāyaṇa] 6, 79, 38.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Utkara (उत्कर).—[masculine] what is dug up, rubbish; pile, heap, multitude.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utkara (उत्कर):—[=ut-kara] a etc. See ut-√kṝ.

2) Utkāra (उत्कार):—[=ut-kāra] a etc. See ut-kṝ.

3) Utkara (उत्कर):—[=ut-kara] [from ut-kṝ] b m. anything dug out or scattered upwards, rubbish, [Aitareya-brāhmaṇa; Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mṛcchakaṭikā] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] a heap, multitude, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa; Kathāsaritsāgara] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] sprawling, [Bhāvaprakāśa i, 138.]

6) Utkāra (उत्कार):—[=ut-kāra] [from ut-kṝ] b m. piling up (corn), [Pāṇini; Bhaṭṭi-kāvya]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Utkara (उत्कर):—[utka-ra] (raḥ) 1. m. A heap; heaping.

2) Utkāra (उत्कार):—[utkā+ra] (raḥ) 1. m. Winnowing corn.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Utkara (उत्कर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ukkara, Ukkera.

[Sanskrit to German]

Utkara in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Utkara (ಉತ್ಕರ):—

1) [noun] a heap; a multitude; a pile.

2) [noun] the act of splitting.

3) [noun] the tree Anogeissus latifolia (=Conocarpus latifolia) of Combretaceae family; axle wood; (?).

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Utkāra (ಉತ್ಕಾರ):—

1) [noun] the act of blowing the chaff from grain by wind or a forced current of air; winnowing; winnow.

2) [noun] heaping up of grains.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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