Sahitya-kaumudi by Baladeva Vidyabhushana

by Gaurapada Dāsa | 2015 | 234,703 words

Baladeva Vidyabhusana’s Sahitya-kaumudi covers all aspects of poetical theory except the topic of dramaturgy. All the definitions of poetical concepts are taken from Mammata’s Kavya-prakasha, the most authoritative work on Sanskrit poetical rhetoric. Baladeva Vidyabhushana added the eleventh chapter, where he expounds additional ornaments from Visv...

माला-रूपा च यथा,

mālā-rūpā ca yathā,

This ornament also exists in the form of a series:

यदि दहत्य् अनलोऽत्र किम् अद्भुतं यदि च गौरवम् अद्रिषु किं ततः ।
लवणम् अम्बु सदैव महोदधेः प्रकृतिर् एव सताम् अविषादिता ॥

yadi dahaty analo'tra kim adbhutaṃ yadi ca gauravam adriṣu kiṃ tataḥ |
lavaṇam ambu sadaiva mahodadheḥ prakṛtir eva satām aviṣāditā ||

If fire burns in wood, what is amazing about that? And if there is heaviness in mountains, so what? An ocean always has salty water. By nature, good persons never feel despair. (Kāvya-prakāśa, verse 454)

atra sarvatra svābhāvikatvam eko dharmaḥ.

Here each clause has the same attribute of “having a natural quality.”


This is an example by Kālidāsa:

bhānuḥ sakṛd yukta-turaṅga eva rātrin-divaṃ gandha-vahaḥ prayāti |
śeṣaḥ sadaivāhita-bhūmi-bhāraḥ ṣaṣṭhāṃśa-vṛtter api dharma eṣaḥ ||

“The sun is forever yoked to horses, the wind blows day and night, Śeṣa always bears the weight of the Earth, and this is the moral duty of a king” (Abhijñāna-śākuntalam).

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