Rig Veda (translation and commentary)

by H. H. Wilson | 1866 | 1,999,864 words | ISBN-10: 8171101380 | ISBN-13: 9788171101382

The Rig-Veda, English translation, including the commentary of Sayana and grammatical analysis. The hyms of the Rigveda Samhita represents some of the oldest and complex of Hindu Sanskrit literature. In ten books, these mantras form the core essence of rituals and ceremonies once widely performed throughout ancient India. This edition contains the...

Rig Veda 8.25.6

Sanskrit text [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सं या दानू॑नि ये॒मथु॑र्दि॒व्याः पार्थि॑वी॒रिष॑: । नभ॑स्वती॒रा वां॑ चरन्तु वृ॒ष्टय॑: ॥
सं या दानूनि येमथुर्दिव्याः पार्थिवीरिषः । नभस्वतीरा वां चरन्तु वृष्टयः ॥
saṃ yā dānūni yemathur divyāḥ pārthivīr iṣaḥ | nabhasvatīr ā vāṃ carantu vṛṣṭayaḥ ||

English translation:

“Bestow (upon us) good gifts, viands, whether of heaven or earth; may the water-shedding rains attendupon you.”

Details:

Ṛṣi (sage/seer): viśvamanā vaiyaśvaḥ [viśvamanā vaiyaśva];
Devatā (deity/subject-matter): mitrāvaruṇau ;
Chandas (meter): nicṛduṣṇik ;
Svara (tone/note): Swar;

Padapatha [Accents, Plain, Transliterated]:

सम् । या । दानू॑नि । ये॒मथुः॑ । दि॒व्याः । पार्थि॑वीः । इषः॑ । नभ॑स्वतीः । आ । वा॒म् । च॒र॒न्तु॒ । वृ॒ष्टयः॑ ॥
सम् । या । दानूनि । येमथुः । दिव्याः । पार्थिवीः । इषः । नभस्वतीः । आ । वाम् । चरन्तु । वृष्टयः ॥
sam | yā | dānūni | yemathuḥ | divyāḥ | pārthivīḥ | iṣaḥ | nabhasvatīḥ | ā | vām | carantu | vṛṣṭayaḥ

Multi-layer Annotation of the Ṛgveda

[Rigveda 8.25.6 English analysis of grammar]

saṃ < sam

[adverb]

“sam; together; together; saṃ.”

< yad

[noun], nominative, dual, masculine

“who; which; yat [pronoun].”

dānūni < dānu

[noun], accusative, plural, neuter

“Dānu; dew; drop.”

yemathur < yemathuḥ < yam

[verb], dual, Perfect indicative

“concentrate; grant; restrain; cause; control; offer; cover; raise.”

divyāḥ < divya

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“divine; celestial; divine; heavenly; divine; beautiful; rain; agreeable.”

pārthivīr < pārthivīḥ < pārthiva

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“earthly; earthen; mundane; royal; tellurian; sublunar.”

iṣaḥ < iṣ

[noun], accusative, plural, feminine

“refreshment; enjoyment; stores.”

nabhasvatīr < nabhasvatīḥ < nabhasvat

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“cloudy.”

ā

[adverb]

“towards; ākāra; until; ā; since; according to; ā [suffix].”

vāṃ < vām < tvad

[noun], genitive, dual

“you.”

carantu < car

[verb], plural, Present imperative

“car; wander; perform; travel; bore; produce; make; dwell; dig; act; observe; enter (a state); observe; cause; crop; behave; practice; heed; process; administer.”

vṛṣṭayaḥ < vṛṣṭi

[noun], nominative, plural, feminine

“rain; shower; rainy season.”

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