Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 3.48.19

सागरानूपगांश्चैव ये च पत्तनवासिनः ।
सिंहलान्बर्बरान्म्लेच्छान्ये च जाङ्गलवासिनः ॥ १९ ॥

sāgarānūpagāṃścaiva ye ca pattanavāsinaḥ |
siṃhalānbarbarānmlecchānye ca jāṅgalavāsinaḥ || 19 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...Satyaki and Vasudeva are sure to die, has gone away at your behest. What can be sadder than this that the virtuous Vibhatsu has gone away at your command, thinking of his many griefs...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (3.48.19). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Sagaranupaga, Yah, Yat, Pattanavasina, Simhala, Barbara, Jangalavasina,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 3.48.19). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “sāgarānūpagāṃścaiva ye ca pattanavāsinaḥ
  • sāgarānūpagāṃś -
  • sāgarānūpaga (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • cai -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aiva -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active first dual]
  • ye -
  • ya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    yaḥ (pronoun, masculine)
    [nominative plural]
    yat (pronoun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
    (pronoun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [accusative dual]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • pattanavāsinaḥ -
  • pattanavāsina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • Line 2: “siṃhalānbarbarānmlecchānye ca jāṅgalavāsinaḥ
  • siṃhalān -
  • siṃhala (noun, masculine)
    [accusative plural]
  • barbarān -
  • barbara (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [accusative plural], [ablative single]
    barbara (noun, neuter)
    [adverb], [ablative single]
  • mlecchānye -
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • jāṅgalavāsinaḥ -
  • jāṅgalavāsina (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 3.48.19

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 3.48.19 in Kannada sript:
ಸಾಗರಾನೂಪಗಾಂಶ್ಚೈವ ಯೇ ಚ ಪತ್ತನವಾಸಿನಃ ।
ಸಿಂಹಲಾನ್ಬರ್ಬರಾನ್ಮ್ಲೇಚ್ಛಾನ್ಯೇ ಚ ಜಾಙ್ಗಲವಾಸಿನಃ ॥ ೧೯ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 3.48.19 in Bengali sript:
সাগরানূপগাংশ্চৈব যে চ পত্তনবাসিনঃ ।
সিংহলান্বর্বরান্ম্লেচ্ছান্যে চ জাঙ্গলবাসিনঃ ॥ ১৯ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 3.48.19 in Gujarati sript:
સાગરાનૂપગાંશ્ચૈવ યે ચ પત્તનવાસિનઃ ।
સિંહલાન્બર્બરાન્મ્લેચ્છાન્યે ચ જાઙ્ગલવાસિનઃ ॥ ૧૯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 3.48.19 in Malayalam sript:
സാഗരാനൂപഗാംശ്ചൈവ യേ ച പത്തനവാസിനഃ ।
സിംഹലാന്ബര്ബരാന്മ്ലേച്ഛാന്യേ ച ജാങ്ഗലവാസിനഃ ॥ ൧൯ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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Preview of verse 3.48.19 in Telugu sript:
సాగరానూపగాంశ్చైవ యే చ పత్తనవాసినః ।
సింహలాన్బర్బరాన్మ్లేచ్ఛాన్యే చ జాఙ్గలవాసినః ॥ ౧౯ ॥

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