Simhala, Siṃhala: 20 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Simhala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Siṃhala (सिंहल).—Modern Ceylon. In ancient days this place was called Siṃhala and the inhabitants were called Siṃhalas. The following statements about Siṃhala occur in the Mahābhārata.

The low caste people of the Siṃhalas originated from the sides of Nandinī, the cow of the Devas. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 174, Verse 37).

The king of Siṃhala had taken part in the sacrifice Rājasūya of Yudhiṣṭhira. (Mahābhārata, Sabhā Parva, Chapter 34, Verse 12).

The Kṣatriyas of Siṃhala gave Yudhiṣṭhira, Chrysoprases, pearls and such other wealth of the sea as present. The people of Siṃhala wore clothes studded with jewels. They were of dark complexion with eyes the ends of which were red. (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter 58, Verse 35).

The Siṃhalas took the side of the Kauravas in the battle of Bhārata. In the Garuḍa vyūha formed by Droṇa, the Siṃhalas were stationed in the position of the neck. (Mahābhārata Droṇa Parva, Chapter 20, Verse 6).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Siṃhala (सिंहल).—An Upadvīpa to Jambūdvīpa;1 the modern Ceylon: to be conquered by Kalki.2

  • 1) Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 19. 30.
  • 2) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 31. 82; III. 73. 107; Matsya-purāṇa 144. 56.

1b) Ceylonese.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 58. 82; 98. 107.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Siṃhala (सिंहल) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. III.48.19) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Siṃhala) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Siṃhala (सिंहल) is the name of a Śāktapīṭha mentioned in the Kulārṇavatantra. The Kulārṇava-tantra is an important 11th century work for the Kaula school of Śāktism. It refers to eighteen such Śākta-pīṭhas (eg. Siṃhala) which is defined as a sacred sanctuary of Devī located here on earth. According to legend, there are in total fifty-one such sanctuaries (pīṭha) on earth, created from the corresponding parts of Devī’s body,

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Simhala in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Siṃhala (सिंहल) or Siṃhaladvīpa is the name of an island (dvīpa) according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... there he [Candrasvāmin] heard that the merchant Kanakavarman had gone from that island to an island named Karpūra. In the same way he visited in turn the islands of Karpūra, Suvarṇa and Siṃhala with merchants, hut he did not find the merchant whom he was in search of”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Siṃhala, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: The Kavyamimamsa of Rajasekhara

Siṃhala (सिंहल) is the name a locality mentioned in Rājaśekhara’s 10th-century Kāvyamīmāṃsā.—Ceylon, which is different from the Laṅkā.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Indian Historical Quarterly Vol. 7

Siṃhala (सिंहल) is the name of a country classified as both Hādi and Kādi (both types of Tantrik division), according to the 13th century Sammoha-tantra (fol. 7).—There are ample evidences to prove that the zone of heterodox Tantras went far beyond the natural limits of India. [...] The zones in the Sammoha-tantra [viz., Siṃhala] are here fixed according to two different Tantrik modes, known as Kādi and Hādi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Trisastisalakapurusacaritra

Siṃhala (सिंहल) refers to a group of Mlecchas once conquered by king Bharata, as mentioned in chapter 1.4 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.

Accordingly, after king Bharata instructed his general Suṣeṇa to conquer the southern district of the Sindhu:

“[...] Wishing to conquer the whole southern district of the Sindhu the general advanced like the ocean at the end of the world. Eager for battle, cruel with a roar in the form of the twang of the bow, like a lion he conquered the Siṃhalas easily. [...] Then Mleccha-kings approached the general with various gifts as wives approach their husbands with devotion. The general [Suṣeṇa] gave the Cakrin [Bharata] all the tribute taken from the Mlecchas [viz., Siṃhala] which resembled a pregnancy-whim of the creepers of fame”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Siṃhala (सिंहल) is the name of a country included within Dakṣiṇapatha which was situated ahead of Māhiṣmatī according to Rājaśekhara (fl. 10th century) in his Kāvyamīmāṃsā (chapter 17). Dakṣiṇāpatha is a place-name ending is patha mentioned in the Gupta inscriptions. The Gupta empire (r. 3rd-century CE), founded by Śrī Gupta, covered much of ancient India and embraced the Dharmic religions such as Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.

Source: What is India: Inscriptions of the Śilāhāras

Siṃhala (सिंहल) refers to a locality mentioned in the Khārepāṭaṇ plates of Raṭṭarāja (śaka year 930).—Siṃhala has already been identified with the Gōa. In line 22 the present record describes this Śilāra family as the foremost royal family of Siṃhala. The Dagāṃve inscription describes the conquest of Goā by the Kadamba king Jayakeśin as having occurred after the defeat of the king of Laṅkā. This shows that the Goā island was known as Laṅkā or Siṃhala. There are other references also supporting this identification. So the Śilāhāras of South Kōṅkaṇ probably had their original home in the Goā territory.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

siṃhala (सिंहल) [or सिंहलद्वीप, siṃhaladvīpa].—n (S) siṃhalā f (S) The island of Ceylon.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

siṃhala (सिंहल).—n The island of Ceylon.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Siṃhala (सिंहल).—[siṃho'styasya lac]

1) Tin.

2) Brass.

3) Bark, rind.

4) The island or country of Ceylon (oft in pl.); सिंहलेभ्यः प्रत्यागच्छता (siṃhalebhyaḥ pratyāgacchatā); सिंहलेश्वरदुहितुः फलकासाधनम् (siṃhaleśvaraduhituḥ phalakāsādhanam) Ratn.1.

-lāḥ (m. pl.) The people of Ceylon.

-dvīpaḥ the island of Ceylon.

-sthā a species of pepper.

Derivable forms: siṃhalam (सिंहलम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Siṃhala (सिंहल).—(1) also °laka, °la-rāja, name of a son of the merchant Siṃha 6, and an incarnation of Śākyamuni: °la Divyāvadāna 523.23 ff.; Rāṣṭrapālaparipṛcchā 23.14; °laka Divyāvadāna 524.21 (prose; no perceptible meaning in -ka); °la-rāja Kāraṇḍavvūha 52.21; (2) name of a nāga king: Mahā-Māyūrī 247.37.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhala (सिंहल).—n.

(-laṃ) 1. Tin. 2. Brass. 3. Cassia bark. m.

(-laḥ) Ceylon. E. siṃha a lion, &c., to give or get, aff. ka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhala (सिंहल).—[siṃha + la], I. n. 1. Tin. 2. Brass. 3. Cassia bark. Ii. n., and f. , Ceylon, [Hitopadeśa] 63, 10 (la).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Siṃhala (सिंहल).—[masculine] [plural] the people of Ceylon; sgl. the island itself.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Siṃhala (सिंहल):—[from siṃha] m. the island of Ceylon (perhaps so called as once abounding in lions), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Rājataraṅgiṇī] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a man, [Buddhist literature]

3) [v.s. ...] [plural] the people of C°, [Atharva-veda.Pariś.; Mahābhārata; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā] etc.

4) Siṃhalā (सिंहला):—[from siṃhala > siṃha] f. the island of C° (See sthāna)

5) Siṃhala (सिंहल):—[from siṃha] n. idem, [Horace H. Wilson]

6) [v.s. ...] tin, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] brass (more correctly siṃhalaka), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] bark, rind, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

9) [v.s. ...] Cassia bark (more correctly saiṃhala), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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