Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vaiśaṃpāyana uvāca |
hate citrāṅgade bhīṣmo bāle bhrātari cānagha |
pālayāmāsa tadrājyaṃ satyavatyā mate sthitaḥ || 1 ||
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saṃprāptayauvanaṃ paśyanbhrātaraṃ dhīmatāṃ varam |
bhīṣmo vicitravīryasya vivāhāyākaronmatim || 2 ||
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atha kāśipaterbhīṣmaḥ kanyāstisro'psaraḥsamāḥ |
śuśrāva sahitā rājanvṛṇvatīrvai svayaṃ varam || 3 ||
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tataḥ sa rathināṃ śreṣṭho rathenaikena varmabhṛt |
jagāmānumate mātuḥ purīṃ vārāṇasīṃ prati || 4 ||
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tatra rājñaḥ samuditānsarvataḥ samupāgatān |
dadarśa kanyāstāścaiva bhīṣmaḥ śaṃtanunandanaḥ || 5 ||
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kīrtyamāneṣu rājñāṃ tu nāmasvatha sahasraśaḥ |
bhīṣmaḥ svayaṃ tadā rājanvarayāmāsa tāḥ prabhuḥ || 6 ||
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uvāca ca mahīpālānrājañjaladaniḥsvanaḥ |
rathamāropya tāḥ kanyā bhīṣmaḥ praharatāṃ varaḥ || 7 ||
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āhūya dānaṃ kanyānāṃ guṇavadbhyaḥ smṛtaṃ budhaiḥ |
alaṃkṛtya yathāśakti pradāya ca dhanānyapi || 8 ||
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prayacchantyapare kanyāṃ mithunena gavāmapi |
vittena kathitenānye balenānye'numānya ca || 9 ||
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pramattāmupayāntyanye svayamanye ca vindate |
aṣṭamaṃ tamatho vitta vivāhaṃ kavibhiḥ smṛtam || 10 ||
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svayaṃvaraṃ tu rājanyāḥ praśaṃsantyupayānti ca |
pramathya tu hṛtāmāhurjyāyasīṃ dharmavādinaḥ || 11 ||
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tā imāḥ pṛthivīpālā jihīrṣāmi balāditaḥ |
te yatadhvaṃ paraṃ śaktyā vijayāyetarāya vā |
sthito'haṃ pṛthivīpālā yuddhāya kṛtaniścayaḥ || 12 ||
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evamuktvā mahīpālānkāśirājaṃ ca vīryavān |
sarvāḥ kanyāḥ sa kauravyo rathamāropayatsvakam |
āmantrya ca sa tānprāyācchīghraṃ kanyāḥ pragṛhya tāḥ || 13 ||
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tataste pārthivāḥ sarve samutpeturamarṣitāḥ |
saṃspṛśantaḥ svakānbāhūndaśanto daśanacchadān || 14 ||
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teṣāmābharaṇānyāśu tvaritānāṃ vimuñcatām |
āmuñcatāṃ ca varmāṇi saṃbhramaḥ sumahānabhūt || 15 ||
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tārāṇāmiva saṃpāto babhūva janamejaya |
bhūṣaṇānāṃ ca śubhrāṇāṃ kavacānāṃ ca sarvaśaḥ || 16 ||
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savarmabhirbhūṣaṇaiste drāgbhrājadbhiritastataḥ |
sakrodhāmarṣajihmabhrūsakaṣāyadṛśastathā || 17 ||
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sūtopakḷptānrucirānsadaśvodyatadhūrgatān |
rathānāsthāya te vīrāḥ sarvapraharaṇānvitāḥ |
prayāntamekaṃ kauravyamanusasrurudāyudhāḥ || 18 ||
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tataḥ samabhavadyuddhaṃ teṣāṃ tasya ca bhārata |
ekasya ca bahūnāṃ ca tumulaṃ lomaharṣaṇam || 19 ||
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te tviṣūndaśasāhasrāṃstasmai yugapadākṣipan |
aprāptāṃścaiva tānāśu bhīṣmaḥ sarvāṃstadācchinat || 20 ||
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tataste pārthivāḥ sarve sarvataḥ parivārayan |
vavarṣuḥ śaravarṣeṇa varṣeṇevādrimambudāḥ || 21 ||
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sa tadbāṇamayaṃ varṣaṃ śarairāvārya sarvataḥ |
tataḥ sarvānmahīpālānpratyavidhyattribhistribhiḥ || 22 ||
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tasyāti puruṣānanyāṃllāghavaṃ rathacāriṇaḥ |
rakṣaṇaṃ cātmanaḥ saṃkhye śatravo'pyabhyapūjayan || 23 ||
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tānvinirjitya tu raṇe sarvaśastraviśāradaḥ |
kanyābhiḥ sahitaḥ prāyādbhārato bhāratānprati || 24 ||
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tatastaṃ pṛṣṭhato rājañśālvarājo mahārathaḥ |
abhyāhanadameyātmā bhīṣmaṃ śāṃtanavaṃ raṇe || 25 ||
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vāraṇaṃ jaghane nighnandantābhyāmaparo yathā |
vāśitāmanusaṃprāpto yūthapo balināṃ varaḥ || 26 ||
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strīkāma tiṣṭha tiṣṭheti bhīṣmamāha sa pārthivaḥ |
śālvarājo mahābāhuramarṣeṇābhicoditaḥ || 27 ||
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tataḥ sa puruṣavyāghro bhīṣmaḥ parabalārdanaḥ |
tadvākyākulitaḥ krodhādvidhūmo'gniriva jvalan || 28 ||
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kṣatradharmaṃ samāsthāya vyapetabhayasaṃbhramaḥ |
nivartayāmāsa rathaṃ śālvaṃ prati mahārathaḥ || 29 ||
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nivartamānaṃ taṃ dṛṣṭvā rājānaḥ sarva eva te |
prekṣakāḥ samapadyanta bhīṣmaśālvasamāgame || 30 ||
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tau vṛṣāviva nardantau balinau vāśitāntare |
anyonyamabhivartetāṃ balavikramaśālinau || 31 ||
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tato bhīṣmaṃ śāṃtanavaṃ śaraiḥ śatasahasraśaḥ |
śālvarājo naraśreṣṭhaḥ samavākiradāśugaiḥ || 32 ||
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pūrvamabhyarditaṃ dṛṣṭvā bhīṣmaṃ śālvena te nṛpāḥ |
vismitāḥ samapadyanta sādhu sādhviti cābruvan || 33 ||
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lāghavaṃ tasya te dṛṣṭvā saṃyuge sarvapārthivāḥ |
apūjayanta saṃhṛṣṭā vāgbhiḥ śālvaṃ narādhipāḥ || 34 ||
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kṣatriyāṇāṃ tadā vācaḥ śrutvā parapuraṃjayaḥ |
kruddhaḥ śāṃtanavo bhīṣmastiṣṭha tiṣṭhetyabhāṣata || 35 ||
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sārathiṃ cābravītkruddho yāhi yatraiṣa pārthivaḥ |
yāvadenaṃ nihanmyadya bhujaṃgamiva pakṣirāṭ || 36 ||
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tato'straṃ vāruṇaṃ samyagyojayāmāsa kauravaḥ |
tenāśvāṃścaturo'mṛdnācchālvarājño narādhipa || 37 ||
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astrairastrāṇi saṃvārya śālvarājñaḥ sa kauravaḥ |
bhīṣmo nṛpatiśārdūla nyavadhīttasya sārathim |
astreṇa cāpyathaikena nyavadhītturagottamān || 38 ||
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kanyāhetornaraśreṣṭha bhīṣmaḥ śāṃtanavastadā |
jitvā visarjayāmāsa jīvantaṃ nṛpasattamam |
tataḥ śālvaḥ svanagaraṃ prayayau bharatarṣabha || 39 ||
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rājāno ye ca tatrāsansvayaṃvaradidṛkṣavaḥ |
svānyeva te'pi rāṣṭrāṇi jagmuḥ parapuraṃjaya || 40 ||
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evaṃ vijitya tāḥ kanyā bhīṣmaḥ praharatāṃ varaḥ |
prayayau hāstinapuraṃ yatra rājā sa kauravaḥ || 41 ||
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so'cireṇaiva kālena atyakrāmannarādhipa |
vanāni saritaścaiva śailāṃśca vividhadrumān || 42 ||
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akṣataḥ kṣapayitvārīnsaṃkhye'saṃkhyeyavikramaḥ |
ānayāmāsa kāśyasya sutāḥ sāgaragāsutaḥ || 43 ||
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snuṣā iva sa dharmātmā bhaginya iva cānujāḥ |
yathā duhitaraścaiva pratigṛhya yayau kurūn || 44 ||
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tāḥ sarvā guṇasaṃpannā bhrātā bhrātre yavīyase |
bhīṣmo vicitravīryāya pradadau vikramāhṛtāḥ || 45 ||
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satāṃ dharmeṇa dharmajñaḥ kṛtvā karmātimānuṣam |
bhrāturvicitravīryasya vivāhāyopacakrame |
satyavatyā saha mithaḥ kṛtvā niścayamātmavān || 46 ||
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vivāhaṃ kārayiṣyantaṃ bhīṣmaṃ kāśipateḥ sutā |
jyeṣṭhā tāsāmidaṃ vākyamabravīddha satī tadā || 47 ||
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mayā saubhapatiḥ pūrvaṃ manasābhivṛtaḥ patiḥ |
tena cāsmi vṛtā pūrvameṣa kāmaśca me pituḥ || 48 ||
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mayā varayitavyo'bhūcchālvastasminsvayaṃvare |
etadvijñāya dharmajña tatastvaṃ dharmamācara || 49 ||
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evamuktastayā bhīṣmaḥ kanyayā viprasaṃsadi |
cintāmabhyagamadvīro yuktāṃ tasyaiva karmaṇaḥ || 50 ||
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sa viniścitya dharmajño brāhmaṇairvedapāragaiḥ |
anujajñe tadā jyeṣṭāmambāṃ kāśipateḥ sutām || 51 ||
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ambikāmbālike bhārye prādādbhrātre yavīyase |
bhīṣmo vicitravīryāya vidhidṛṣṭena karmaṇā || 52 ||
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tayoḥ pāṇiṃ gṛhītvā sa rūpayauvanadarpitaḥ |
vicitravīryo dharmātmā kāmātmā samapadyata || 53 ||
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te cāpi bṛhatī śyāme nīlakuñcitamūrdhaje |
raktatuṅganakhopete pīnaśroṇipayodhare || 54 ||
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ātmanaḥ pratirūpo'sau labdhaḥ patiriti sthite |
vicitravīryaṃ kalyāṇaṃ pūjayāmāsatustu te || 55 ||
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sa cāśvirūpasadṛśo devasattvaparākramaḥ |
sarvāsāmeva nārīṇāṃ cittapramathano'bhavat || 56 ||
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tābhyāṃ saha samāḥ sapta viharanpṛthivīpatiḥ |
vicitravīryastaruṇo yakṣmāṇaṃ samapadyata || 57 ||
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suhṛdāṃ yatamānānāmāptaiḥ saha cikitsakaiḥ |
jagāmāstamivādityaḥ kauravyo yamasādanam || 58 ||
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pretakāryāṇi sarvāṇi tasya samyagakārayat |
rājño vicitravīryasya satyavatyā mate sthitaḥ |
ṛtvigbhiḥ sahito bhīṣmaḥ sarvaiśca kurupuṃgavaiḥ || 59 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 96

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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