Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

vasiṣṭha uvāca |
aprabuddhamathāvyaktamimaṃ guṇavidhiṃ śṛṇu |
guṇāndhārayate hyeṣā sṛjatyākṣipate tathā || 1 ||
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ajasraṃ tviha krīḍārthaṃ vikurvantī narādhipa |
ātmānaṃ bahudhā kṛtvā tānyeva ca vicakṣate || 2 ||
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etadevaṃ vikurvāṇāṃ budhyamāno na budhyate |
avyaktabodhanāccaiva budhyamānaṃ vadantyapi || 3 ||
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na tveva budhyate'vyaktaṃ saguṇaṃ vātha nirguṇam |
kadācittveva khalvetadāhurapratibuddhakam || 4 ||
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budhyate yadi vāvyaktametadvai pañcaviṃśakam |
budhyamāno bhavatyeṣa saṅgātmaka iti śrutiḥ || 5 ||
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anenāpratibuddheti vadantyavyaktamacyutam |
avyaktabodhanāccaiva budhyamānaṃ vadantyuta || 6 ||
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pañcaviṃśaṃ mahātmānaṃ na cāsāvapi budhyate |
ṣaḍviṃśaṃ vimalaṃ buddhamaprameyaṃ sanātanam || 7 ||
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satataṃ pañcaviṃśaṃ ca caturviṃśaṃ ca budhyate |
dṛśyādṛśye hyanugatamubhāveva mahādyutī || 8 ||
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avyaktaṃ na tu tadbrahma budhyate tāta kevalam |
kevalaṃ pañcaviṃśaṃ ca caturviṃśaṃ na paśyati || 9 ||
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budhyamāno yadātmānamanyo'hamiti manyate |
tadā prakṛtimāneṣa bhavatyavyaktalocanaḥ || 10 ||
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budhyate ca parāṃ buddhiṃ viśuddhāmamalāṃ yadā |
ṣaḍviṃśo rājaśārdūla tadā buddhatvamāvrajet || 11 ||
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tatastyajati so'vyaktaṃ sargapralayadharmiṇam |
nirguṇaḥ prakṛtiṃ veda guṇayuktāmacetanām || 12 ||
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tataḥ kevaladharmāsau bhavatyavyaktadarśanāt |
kevalena samāgamya vimukto''tmānamāpnuyāt || 13 ||
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etattattattvamityāhurnistattvamajarāmaram |
tattvasaṃśrayaṇādetattattvavanna ca mānada |
pañcaviṃśatitattvāni pravadanti manīṣiṇaḥ || 14 ||
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na caiṣa tattvavāṃstāta nistattvastveṣa buddhimān |
eṣa muñcati tattvaṃ hi kṣipraṃ buddhasya lakṣaṇam || 15 ||
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ṣaḍviṃśo'hamiti prājño gṛhyamāṇo'jarāmaraḥ |
kevalena balenaiva samatāṃ yātyasaṃśayam || 16 ||
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ṣaḍviṃśena prabuddhena budhyamāno'pyabuddhimān |
etannānātvamityuktaṃ sāṃkhyaśrutinidarśanāt || 17 ||
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cetanena sametasya pañcaviṃśatikasya ca |
ekatvaṃ vai bhavatyasya yadā buddhyā na budhyate || 18 ||
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budhyamāno'prabuddhena samatāṃ yāti maithila |
saṅgadharmā bhavatyeṣa niḥsaṅgātmā narādhipa || 19 ||
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niḥsaṅgātmānamāsādya ṣaḍviṃśakamajaṃ viduḥ |
vibhustyajati cāvyaktaṃ yadā tvetadvibudhyate |
caturviṃśamagādhaṃ ca ṣaḍviṃśasya prabodhanāt || 20 ||
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eṣa hyapratibuddhaśca budhyamānaśca te'nagha |
prokto buddhaśca tattvena yathāśrutinidarśanāt |
nānātvaikatvametāvaddraṣṭavyaṃ śāstradṛṣṭibhiḥ || 21 ||
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maśakodumbare yadvadanyatvaṃ tadvadetayoḥ |
matsyo'mbhasi yathā tadvadanyatvamupalabhyate || 22 ||
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evamevāvagantavyaṃ nānātvaikatvametayoḥ |
etadvimokṣa ityuktamavyaktajñānasaṃhitam || 23 ||
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pañcaviṃśatikasyāsya yo'yaṃ deheṣu vartate |
eṣa mokṣayitavyeti prāhuravyaktagocarāt || 24 ||
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so'yamevaṃ vimucyeta nānyatheti viniścayaḥ |
pareṇa paradharmā ca bhavatyeṣa sametya vai || 25 ||
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viśuddhadharmā śuddhena buddhena ca sa buddhimān |
vimuktadharmā muktena sametya puruṣarṣabha || 26 ||
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niyogadharmiṇā caiva niyogātmā bhavatyapi |
vimokṣiṇā vimokṣaśca sametyeha tathā bhavet || 27 ||
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śucikarmā śuciścaiva bhavatyamitadīptimān |
vimalātmā ca bhavati sametya vimalātmanā || 28 ||
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kevalātmā tathā caiva kevalena sametya vai |
svatantraśca svatantreṇa svatantratvamavāpnute || 29 ||
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etāvadetatkathitaṃ mayā te tathyaṃ mahārāja yathārthatattvam |
amatsaratvaṃ pratigṛhya cārthaṃ sanātanaṃ brahma viśuddhamādyam || 30 ||
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na vedaniṣṭhasya janasya rājanpradeyametatparamaṃ tvayā bhavet |
vivitsamānāya vibodhakārakaṃ prabodhahetoḥ praṇatasya śāsanam || 31 ||
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na deyametacca tathānṛtātmane śaṭhāya klībāya na jihmabuddhaye |
na paṇḍitajñānaparopatāpine deyaṃ tvayedaṃ vinibodha yādṛśe || 32 ||
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śraddhānvitāyātha guṇānvitāya parāpavādādviratāya nityam |
viśuddhayogāya budhāya caiva kriyāvate'tha kṣamiṇe hitāya || 33 ||
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viviktaśīlāya vidhipriyāya vivādahīnāya bahuśrutāya |
vijānate caiva na cāhitakṣame dame ca śaktāya śame ca dehinām || 34 ||
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etairguṇairhīnatame na deyametatparaṃ brahma viśuddhamāhuḥ |
na śreyasā yokṣyati tādṛśe kṛtaṃ dharmapravaktāramapātradānāt || 35 ||
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pṛthvīmimāṃ yadyapi ratnapūrṇāṃ dadyānnadeyaṃ tvidamavratāya |
jitendriyāyaitadasaṃśayaṃ te bhavetpradeyaṃ paramaṃ narendra || 36 ||
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karāla mā te bhayamastu kiṃcidetacchrutaṃ brahma paraṃ tvayādya |
yathāvaduktaṃ paramaṃ pavitraṃ niḥśokamatyantamanādimadhyam || 37 ||
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agādhajanmāmaraṇaṃ ca rājannirāmayaṃ vītabhayaṃ śivaṃ ca |
samīkṣya mohaṃ tyaja cādya sarvaṃ jñānasya tattvārthamidaṃ viditvā || 38 ||
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avāptametaddhi purā sanātanāddhiraṇyagarbhādgadato narādhipa |
prasādya yatnena tamugratejasaṃ sanātanaṃ brahma yathādya vai tvayā || 39 ||
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pṛṣṭastvayā cāsmi yathā narendra tathā mayedaṃ tvayi coktamadya |
tathāvāptaṃ brahmaṇo me narendra mahajjñānaṃ mokṣavidāṃ purāṇam || 40 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
etaduktaṃ paraṃ brahma yasmānnāvartate punaḥ |
pañcaviṃśo mahārāja paramarṣinidarśanāt || 41 ||
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punarāvṛttimāpnoti paraṃ jñānamavāpya ca |
nāvabudhyati tattvena budhyamāno'jarāmaraḥ || 42 ||
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etanniḥśreyasakaraṃ jñānānāṃ te paraṃ mayā |
kathitaṃ tattvatastāta śrutvā devarṣito nṛpa || 43 ||
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hiraṇyagarbhādṛṣiṇā vasiṣṭhena mahātmanā |
vasiṣṭhādṛṣiśārdūlānnārado'vāptavānidam || 44 ||
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nāradādviditaṃ mahyametadbrahma sanātanam |
mā śucaḥ kauravendra tvaṃ śrutvaitatparamaṃ padam || 45 ||
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yena kṣarākṣare vitte na bhayaṃ tasya vidyate |
vidyate tu bhayaṃ tasya yo naitadvetti pārthiva || 46 ||
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avijñānācca mūḍhātmā punaḥ punarupadravan |
pretya jātisahasrāṇi maraṇāntānyupāśnute || 47 ||
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devalokaṃ tathā tiryaṅmānuṣyamapi cāśnute |
yadi śudhyati kālena tasmādajñānasāgarāt || 48 ||
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ajñānasāgaro ghoro hyavyakto'gādha ucyate |
ahanyahani majjanti yatra bhūtāni bhārata || 49 ||
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yasmādagādhādavyaktāduttīrṇastvaṃ sanātanāt |
tasmāttvaṃ virajāścaiva vitamaskaśca pārthiva || 50 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 296

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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