Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

śuka uvāca |
kṣarātprabhṛti yaḥ sargaḥ saguṇānīndriyāṇi ca |
buddhyaiśvaryābhisargārthaṃ yaddhyānaṃ cātmanaḥ śubham || 1 ||
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bhūya eva tu loke'sminsadvṛttiṃ vṛttihaitukīm |
yayā santaḥ pravartante tadicchāmyanuvarṇitam || 2 ||
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vede vacanamuktaṃ tu kuru karma tyajeti ca |
kathametadvijānīyāṃ tacca vyākhyātumarhasi || 3 ||
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lokavṛttāntatattvajñaḥ pūto'haṃ guruśāsanāt |
kṛtvā buddhiṃ viyuktātmā tyakṣyāmyātmānamavyathaḥ || 4 ||
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vyāsa uvāca |
yaiṣā vai vihitā vṛttiḥ purastādbrahmaṇā svayam |
eṣā pūrvataraiḥ sadbhirācīrṇā paramarṣibhiḥ || 5 ||
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brahmacaryeṇa vai lokāñjayanti paramarṣayaḥ |
ātmanaśca hṛdi śreyastvanviccha manasātmani || 6 ||
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vane mūlaphalāśī ca tapyansuvipulaṃ tapaḥ |
puṇyāyatanacārī ca bhūtānāmavihiṃsakaḥ || 7 ||
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vidhūme sannamusale vānaprasthapratiśraye |
kāle prāpte caranbhaikṣaṃ kalpate brahmabhūyase || 8 ||
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niḥstutirnirnamaskāraḥ parityajya śubhāśubhe |
araṇye vicaraikākī yena kenacidāśitaḥ || 9 ||
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śuka uvāca |
yadidaṃ vedavacanaṃ lokavāde virudhyate |
pramāṇe cāpramāṇe ca viruddhe śāstratā kutaḥ || 10 ||
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ityetacchrotumicchāmi bhagavānprabravītu me |
karmaṇāmavirodhena kathametatpravartate || 11 ||
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bhīṣma uvāca |
ityuktaḥ pratyuvācedaṃ gandhavatyāḥ sutaḥ sutam |
ṛṣistatpūjayanvākyaṃ putrasyāmitatejasaḥ || 12 ||
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gṛhastho brahmacārī ca vānaprastho'tha bhikṣukaḥ |
yathoktakāriṇaḥ sarve gacchanti paramāṃ gatim || 13 ||
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eko ya āśramānetānanutiṣṭhedyathāvidhi |
akāmadveṣasaṃyuktaḥ sa paratra mahīyate || 14 ||
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catuṣpadī hi niḥśreṇī brahmaṇyeṣā pratiṣṭhitā |
etāmāśritya niḥśreṇīṃ brahmaloke mahīyate || 15 ||
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āyuṣastu caturbhāgaṃ brahmacāryanasūyakaḥ |
gurau vā guruputre vā vaseddharmārthakovidaḥ || 16 ||
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karmātirekeṇa guroradhyetavyaṃ bubhūṣatā |
dakṣiṇo nāpavādī syādāhūto gurumāśrayet || 17 ||
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jaghanyaśāyī pūrvaṃ syādutthāyī guruveśmani |
yacca śiṣyeṇa kartavyaṃ kāryaṃ dāsena vā punaḥ || 18 ||
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kṛtamityeva tatsarvaṃ kṛtvā tiṣṭheta pārśvataḥ |
kiṃkaraḥ sarvakārī ca sarvakarmasu kovidaḥ || 19 ||
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śucirdakṣo guṇopeto brūyādiṣurivātvaraḥ |
cakṣuṣā gurumavyagro nirīkṣeta jitendriyaḥ || 20 ||
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nābhuktavati cāśnīyādapītavati no pibet |
na tiṣṭhati tathāsīta nāsupte prasvapeta ca || 21 ||
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uttānābhyāṃ ca pāṇibhyāṃ pādāvasya mṛdu spṛśet |
dakṣiṇaṃ dakṣiṇenaiva savyaṃ savyena pīḍayet || 22 ||
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abhivādya guruṃ brūyādadhīṣva bhagavanniti |
idaṃ kariṣye bhagavannidaṃ cāpi kṛtaṃ mayā || 23 ||
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iti sarvamanujñāpya nivedya gurave dhanam |
kuryātkṛtvā ca tatsarvamākhyeyaṃ gurave punaḥ || 24 ||
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yāṃstu gandhānrasānvāpi brahmacārī na sevate |
seveta tānsamāvṛtta iti dharmeṣu niścayaḥ || 25 ||
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ye kecidvistareṇoktā niyamā brahmacāriṇaḥ |
tānsarvānanugṛhṇīyādbhaveccānapago guroḥ || 26 ||
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sa evaṃ gurave prītimupahṛtya yathābalam |
āśrameṣvāśrameṣvevaṃ śiṣyo varteta karmaṇā || 27 ||
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vedavratopavāsena caturthe cāyuṣo gate |
gurave dakṣiṇāṃ dattvā samāvartedyathāvidhi || 28 ||
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dharmalabdhairyuto dārairagnīnutpādya dharmataḥ |
dvitīyamāyuṣo bhāgaṃ gṛhamedhivratī bhavet || 29 ||
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Other editions:

Also see the following editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Chapter 234

Cover of edition (2013)

The complete Mahabharata (12 Volumes)
by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013)

4900 pages; [Publisher: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers Pvt. Ltd.] ISBN: ‎ 812150094X or 9788121500944;

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Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

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