Mahabharata [sanskrit]

699,462 words | ISBN-10: 812150094X | ISBN-13: 9788121500944

The Sanskrit edition of the Mahabharata, one of the largest epic poems ever written, consisting of 100,000 metrical verses. Consisting of 18 books, the Mahabharata details the history and legends concerning ancient India (Bharata), including a major battle campaign involving the Kauravas and the Pandavas, also known as the Kurukshetra War. This portion also contains the Bhagavad-Gita. Alternative titles: Mahābhārata (महाभारत).

Verse 12.234.21

नाभुक्तवति चाश्नीयादपीतवति नो पिबेत् ।
न तिष्ठति तथासीत नासुप्ते प्रस्वपेत च ॥ २१ ॥

nābhuktavati cāśnīyādapītavati no pibet |
na tiṣṭhati tathāsīta nāsupte prasvapeta ca || 21 ||

Note! This is not a direct translation of the verse, but merely an approximate preview.

...continued, 'Thus addressed by that Brahmana possessed of I great fame, Tuladhara of the Vaisya order, well-acquainted with the truths touching the interpretations of morality and contented with knowledge, discoursed...

English translation by Kisari Mohan Ganguly (2013) Read online Buy now!

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (12.234.21). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Nri, Abhuktavat, Ashan, Ashni, Apita, Vati, Tishthat, Tatha, Asupta, Prasu, Apeta,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Mahabharata Verse 12.234.21). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “nābhuktavati cāśnīyādapītavati no pibet
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • abhuktavati -
  • abhuktavat (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    abhuktavat (noun, neuter)
    [locative single]
  • -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • aśnī -
  • aśni (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    aśni (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
    aśni (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
    aśan (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
  • iyād -
  • i (verb class 2)
    [optative active third single]
  • apīta -
  • apīta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apīta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (verb class 2)
    [imperfect active second plural], [imperfect middle third single]
  • vati -
  • vati (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb]
    vatī (noun, masculine)
    [adverb], [vocative single]
    vatī (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    vatī (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • no -
  • nu (noun, masculine)
    [vocative single]
  • pibet -
  • (verb class 1)
    [optative active third single]
  • Line 2: “na tiṣṭhati tathāsīta nāsupte prasvapeta ca
  • na -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • tiṣṭhati -
  • sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, masculine)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā -> tiṣṭhat (participle, neuter)
    [locative single from √sthā class 1 verb]
    sthā (verb class 1)
    [present active third single]
  • tathā -
  • tathā (indeclinable correlative)
    [indeclinable correlative]
    tathā (indeclinable)
    [indeclinable]
    tatha (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tatha (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    tathā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
  • āsīta -
  • ās (verb class 2)
    [optative middle third single]
  • -
  • na (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    na (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    na (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    (noun, feminine)
    [nominative single]
    nṛ (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
  • asupte -
  • asupta (noun, masculine)
    [locative single]
    asupta (noun, neuter)
    [nominative dual], [vocative dual], [accusative dual], [locative single]
    asuptā (noun, feminine)
    [nominative dual], [vocative single], [vocative dual], [accusative dual]
  • prasva -
  • prasū (noun, feminine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    prasū (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [adverb], [vocative single]
    prasū (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [adverb], [nominative single], [vocative single], [accusative single]
  • apeta -
  • apeta (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    apeta (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • ca -
  • ca (indeclinable conjunction)
    [indeclinable conjunction]
    ca (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    ca (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Mahabharata Verse 12.234.21

Cover of edition (2003)

The Mahabharata in Kannada (Set of 32 Volumes)
by Bharatha Darshana Bangalore (2003)

ಶ್ರೇಮಹಭಾರತ [ಮಹಾಭಾರತ]; 13907 pages;

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Preview of verse 12.234.21 in Kannada sript:
ನಾಭುಕ್ತವತಿ ಚಾಶ್ನೀಯಾದಪೀತವತಿ ನೋ ಪಿಬೇತ್ ।
ನ ತಿಷ್ಠತಿ ತಥಾಸೀತ ನಾಸುಪ್ತೇ ಪ್ರಸ್ವಪೇತ ಚ ॥ ೨೧ ॥

Cover of edition (2008)

The Complete Mahabharata (9 volumes)
by M. N. Dutt (2008)

6415 pages; Sanskrit Text with English Translation; [Edited By: Dr. Ishwar Chandra Sharma & Dr. O.N. Bimali] [Publisher: Parimal Publication Pvt. Ltd.]

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Cover of edition (2017)

Mahabharata (Hindi Translation, Six Volumes)
by Sahityacharya Pandit Ramnarayandutt Shastri Pandey "Ram" (2017)

7350 pages; [महाभारत] [Publisher: Gita Press, Gorakhpur] 44 Color and Black/white illustrations.

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Cover of Bengali edition

The Mahabharata in Bengali (Two Volumes)
by Akshay Library, Kolkata (2019)

3049 pages; [মহাভারত] [মহার্ষী বদভ্যাস (Maharishi Vedvyas)]

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Preview of verse 12.234.21 in Bengali sript:
নাভুক্তবতি চাশ্নীযাদপীতবতি নো পিবেত্ ।
ন তিষ্ঠতি তথাসীত নাসুপ্তে প্রস্বপেত চ ॥ ২১ ॥

Cover of Gujarati edition

Mahabharat in Gujarati (20 Volumes)
by Dinkar Joshi (દિનકર જોશી) (2010)

14252 pages; [મહાભારત] [Publisher: Pravin Prakashan Pvt. Ltd, Rajkot]

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Preview of verse 12.234.21 in Gujarati sript:
નાભુક્તવતિ ચાશ્નીયાદપીતવતિ નો પિબેત્ ।
ન તિષ્ઠતિ તથાસીત નાસુપ્તે પ્રસ્વપેત ચ ॥ ૨૧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Shri Mahabharatam in Malayalam (2 volumes)
by Swami Mridananda (2018)

1681 pages; [Publisher: Ramakrishna Math, Thrissur]

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Preview of verse 12.234.21 in Malayalam sript:
നാഭുക്തവതി ചാശ്നീയാദപീതവതി നോ പിബേത് ।
ന തിഷ്ഠതി തഥാസീത നാസുപ്തേ പ്രസ്വപേത ച ॥ ൨൧ ॥

Cover of edition (2018)

Mahabharata in Telugu (7 Volumes)
by Gita Press, Gorakhpur (2018)

7248pages

Buy now!

Preview of verse 12.234.21 in Telugu sript:
నాభుక్తవతి చాశ్నీయాదపీతవతి నో పిబేత్ ।
న తిష్ఠతి తథాసీత నాసుప్తే ప్రస్వపేత చ ॥ ౨౧ ॥

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