Kathasaritsagara [sanskrit]

by C. H. Tawney | 2014 | 226,424 words | ISBN-13: 9789350501351

The Sanskrit edition of the Kathasaritsagara referencing the English translation and grammatical analysis. Written by Somadeva and dating from the 12th century, the Kathasaritsagara (or Katha-sarit-sagara) represents an epic legend narrating the adventures of Naravahanadatta as he strives to become the destined emperor of the Vidyadharas. Alternative titles: (Kathāsaritsāgara, कथासरित्सागर, Kathā-sarit-sāgara)

Chapter 3

tatastriviṣṭapaṃ prāpya sa śakraḥ paryaveṣṭayat |
harānugrahasotsāhair labdhakālabalair balaiḥ || 1 ||
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taddṛṣṭvā niryayau vidyuddhvajaḥ saṃnaddhasainikaḥ |
prāvartantānimittāni tasya nirgacchatastadā || 2 ||
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dhvajeṣu vidyutaḥ petur bhremur gṛdhrās tathopari |
abhajyanta mahācchattrāṇyaśivaṃ cāruvañ śivāḥ || 3 ||
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tānyariṣṭānyagaṇayanniragādeva so 'suraḥ |
devāsurāṇaṃ ca tataḥ prāvartata mahāhavaḥ || 4 ||
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sa muktāphalaketuḥ kiṃ nādyāpyetīti vajriṇā |
pṛṣṭo 'tha candraketustaṃ khecarendro vyajijñapat || 5 ||
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vismṛtya tvarayā tasya noktamāgacchatā mayā |
sa tu buddhvā dhruvaṃ paścādāgacchatyeva satvaram || 6 ||
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etac chrutvā sa devendraścaturaṃ vāyusārathim |
śrīmuktāphalaketuṃ tamānetuṃ prāhiṇodratham || 7 ||
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pitā ca tatsamaṃ tasya candraketuḥ sasainikam |
āhvānāya pratīhāraṃ visasarja rathānugam || 8 ||
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sa muktāphalaketuś ca buddhvā daityāhave gatam |
pitaraṃ sānugo gantuṃ tatraivābhyudyato 'bhavat || 9 ||
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tato jayagajārūḍhojananīkṛtamaṅgalaḥ |
vāyulokād udacalat sa bibhratkhaḍgam aiśvaram || 10 ||
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prasthitasyāpatattasya puṣpavṛṣṭirnabhastalāt |
devāś ca dundubhīñjaghnurvāyavaś ca vavuḥ śivāḥ || 11 ||
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militvā parivavruś ca te taṃ devagaṇās tataḥ |
āsan palāyya pracchannā ye vidyuddhvajabhītitaḥ || 12 ||
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tena sainyena mahatā saha gacchandadarśa saḥ |
mārge meghavanaṃ nāma pārvatyāyatanaṃ mahat || 13 ||
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tadanullaṅghayan bhaktyā gajād atrāvatīrya saḥ |
āhṛtya divyapuṣpāṇi devīṃ prāvartatārcitum || 14 ||
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atrāntare ca gandharvapateḥ sa prāptayauvanā |
padmāvatī sutā padmaśekharasya sakhīvṛtā || 15 ||
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bhartuḥ saṅgrāmayātasya śreyorthaṃ tapasi sthitām |
mātaraṃ svāmanujñāpya vimānenendulokataḥ || 16 ||
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śivārthinī pituḥ saṃkhye varasyābhīpsitasya ca |
tadeva tapase divyaṃ gauryāyatanamāyayau || 17 ||
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varo nādyāpi te kaścinniścito yo yudhi sthitaḥ |
pituḥ śreyonimittaṃ ca mātā te saṃśritā tapaḥ || 18 ||
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tvaṃ tu kanyā tapaḥ kasya kṛte sakhi cikīrṣasi |
ity uktā pathi sakhyā sā padmāvatyabravīdidam || 19 ||
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pitaiva sakhi kanyānāṃ daivataṃ sarvasiddhikṛt |
varo 'py ananyasāmanyaguṇo niścita eva me || 20 ||
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vidyuddhvajaṃ nihantuṃ yo jāto vidyādharendrataḥ |
sa muktāphalaketurme vyādiṣṭaḥ śaṃbhunā patiḥ || 21 ||
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etan mayāmbāpṛṣṭasya tātasyaiva mukhāc chrutam |
sa ca yāsyati yāto vā saṅgrāme me varo dhruvam || 22 ||
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ato bhagavatīṃ gaurīṃ tapasāradhayāmy aham |
vijayākāṅkṣiṇī tasya patyus tātasya cobhayoḥ || 23 ||
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evaṃ vadantīṃ tāṃ rājaputrīmāha sma sā sakhī |
bhāvinyarthe 'pi tarhyeṣa vyavasāyastavocitaḥ || 24 ||
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tatte 'bhilaṣitaṃ sidhyatviti sakhyā tayoditā |
sā gauryāyatanābhyarṇaṃ bhavyaṃ prāpa mahatsaraḥ || 25 ||
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utphullaiḥ svarṇakamalaiḥ praticchannaṃ prabhāsvaraiḥ |
tanmukhāmbhoruhotsarpatkāntivicchuritair iva || 26 ||
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tatrāvatīrya kamalānyambikābhyarcanāya sā |
uccitya gandahrvasutā snānaṃ yāvadvidhitsati || 27 ||
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tāvaddevāsuraraṇaṃ rakṣaḥsvāmiṣagardhiṣu |
abhidhāvatsu tena dve rākṣasyāvāgate pathā || 28 ||
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daṃṣṭrāghoramukhodvāntajvālāpiṅgordhvamūrdhaje |
dhūmaśyāmamahākāye lambodarapayodhare || 29 ||
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tābhyāṃ dṛṣṭvaiva gandharvarājaputrī nipatya sā |
naktaṃcarībhyāṃ jagṛhe ninye ca gaganonmukham || 30 ||
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tadvimānādhidevaś ca rākṣasyau yāvadeva te |
ruṇaddhi yavadārtaś ca krandatyasyāḥ paricchadaḥ || 31 ||
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tāvaddevīgṛhānmuktāphalaketuḥ kṛtārcanaḥ |
sa nirgataḥ śrutākrandastam evoddeśamāgamat || 32 ||
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sa dṛṣṭvā rākṣasīyugmagṛhītāṃ tāṃ lasaddyutim |
kālameghāvalīmadhyagatāṃ saudāmanīmiva || 33 ||
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padmāvatīṃ pradhāvyaiva mahāvīro vyamocayat |
kṣiptvā vicetane bhūmau rākṣasyau te talāhate || 34 ||
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dadarśa tāṃ ca lāvaṇyarasanirjharavāhinīm |
trivalīlaharīhārimadhyabhāgopaśobhinīm || 35 ||
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svarvadhūsargasaṃprāptakauśalotkarṣaśālinā |
dhātrā samagrasaundaryasārasaṃpāditām iva || 36 ||
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dṛṣṭvā ca tāṃ sa kaṃdarpamohamantharitendriyaḥ |
dhīro 'py atra kṣaṇaṃ tasthau citrastha iva niścalaḥ || 37 ||
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rākṣasīsaṃbhrame śānte samāśvasya kṣaṇādiva |
padmāvaty api taṃ muktāphalaketuṃ dadarśa sā || 38 ||
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jagannetrotsavākāraṃ strījanonmādadāyinam |
ekīkṛtyendukaṃdarpau vidhineva vinirmitam || 39 ||
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tato lajānatamukhī sakhīṃ svair am abhāṣata |
bhadramasyāstu yāmītaḥ parapūruṣapārśvataḥ || 40 ||
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evaṃ vadantyāṃ tasyāṃ ca sā muktāphalaketunā |
bālā kimiyamāheti tenāpṛcchyata tatsakhī || 41 ||
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sāpy uvāca sukanyeyaṃ dattāśīḥ prāṇadasya te |
ehyanyapuruṣopāntādvrajāva iti vakti mām || 42 ||
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tac chrutvā saṃbhramānmuktāphalaketur uvāca tām |
keyaṃ kasya sutā dattā kasmai vā śubhakarmaṇe || 43 ||
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iti pṛṣṭā ca sā tena tadvayasyā tam abravīt |
iyaṃ padmāvatī nāma kanyā subhaga naḥ sakhī || 44 ||
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gandharvādhipateḥ padmaśekharasyātmasaṃbhavā |
ādiṣṭo 'syāḥ patirmuktāphalaketuś ca śaṃbhunā || 45 ||
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putro vidyādharendrasya candraketorjagatpriyaḥ |
sahāyo devarājasya vidyuddhvajavināśakṛt || 46 ||
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ākāṅkṣantī jayaṃ tasya bhartuḥ saṃkhye pitus tathā |
gauryāyatanamadyaitattaporthamiyamāgatā || 47 ||
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śrutvaitadrājaputrīṃ tāṃ candraketusutānugāḥ |
diṣṭyā devi sa evāyaṃ tava bhartetyanandayan || 48 ||
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tato 'nyonyaparijñānaharṣapūrṇe nijātmani |
yuktaṃ tadyanna mātaḥ sma tau kumārīvarāvubhau || 49 ||
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yāvacānyonyasaprematiryagardhāvalokitaiḥ |
tiṣṭhatas tatra tau tāvac chuśruve tūryaniḥsvanaḥ || 50 ||
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tataś ca dadṛśe sainyaṃ vāyuyukto rathas tataḥ |
candraketupratīhāras tathā ca tvaritāgatau || 51 ||
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tau ca vāyupratīhārau vinayojjhitavāhanau |
upagamyaiva taṃ muktāphalaketumavocatām || 52 ||
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tvamāhvayati devendraḥ pitā cāhavabhūmitaḥ |
tadimaṃ rathamāruhya śīghramāgamyatāmiti || 53 ||
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tataḥ padmāvatīpremabaddho 'pi gurukāryataḥ |
sa taṃ tābhyāṃ sahādhyāsta khecarendrasuto ratham || 54 ||
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baddhvā ca śakraprahitaṃ divyaṃ kavacam āśu saḥ |
pratasthe valitagrīvaṃ paśyan padmāvatīṃ muhuḥ || 55 ||
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padmāvatī ca nirvarṇya sā tamādṛṣṭigocaram |
ekapāṇitalāghātahatanaktaṃcarīdvayam || 56 ||
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tam eva cintayantī ca snātvābhyarcyāmbikāharau |
tadāprabhṛti tatraiva tepe tacchreyase tapaḥ || 57 ||
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so 'pi taddarśanaṃ muktāphalaketurvicintayan |
maṅgalyaṃ vijayāśaṃsi prāpa devāsurāvaham || 58 ||
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dṛṣṭvā ca taṃ susaṃnaddhaṃ sasainyaṃ vīramāgatam |
tam eva prati sarve 'pi te 'bhyadhāvanmahāsurāḥ || 59 ||
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teṣāṃ sa śaravarṣeṇa śirobhiḥ śakalīkṛtaiḥ |
śūro raṇotsavārambhe cakre digdevatābalim || 60 ||
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hanyamānaṃ balaṃ tena tanmuktāphalaketunā |
dṛṣṭvā vidyuddhvajaḥ krodhādadhāvattaṃ prati svayam || 61 ||
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sa cāpatanneva śarair daityo yattena tāḍitaḥ |
tattam evābhyadhāvattatsarvataḥ sainyamāsuram || 62 ||
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tad dṛṣṭvā siddhagandharvavidyādharasurānvitaḥ |
abhidudrāva taddaityasainyam sapadi vāsavaḥ || 63 ||
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tataḥ patadiṣuprāsaśakitomarapaṭṭiśam |
udabhūttūmulaṃ yuddhaṃ nihatāsaṃkhyasainikam || 64 ||
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gajāśvakāyamakarā dantimauktikavālukāḥ |
pravīramuṇḍapāṣāṇāḥ prāvahanrudhirāpagāḥ || 65 ||
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śoṇitāsavamattānāṃ bhūtānāmāmiṣārthinām |
so 'bhūdraṇotsavaḥ prītyai kabandhaiḥ saha nṛtyatām || 66 ||
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tasmiñ jayaśrīr daityānāṃ devānāṃ cāhavārṇave |
mahormicapalā prāyāditaḥ kṣaṇam itaḥ kṣanam || 67 ||
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caturviṃśatimevaṃ tu yuddhamāsīddināni tat |
prekṣyamāṇaṃ vimānasthaiḥ śarvaśauripitāmahaiḥ || 68 ||
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pañcaviṃśe dine kṣīṇaprāyayoḥ sainyayor dvayoḥ |
pradhānadvandvayuddheṣu pravṛtteṣv atra saṃgare || 69 ||
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śrīmuktāphalaketoś ca tasya vidyuddhvajasya ca |
dvandvayuddhaṃ pravavṛte rathasthadviradasthayoḥ || 70 ||
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tamostraṃ bhāskarāstreṇa graiṣmāstreṇa ca śaiśiram |
kuliśāstreṇa śailāstraṃ nāgāstraṃ gāruḍena ca || 71 ||
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nivārya tasya yantāraṃ vāraṇaṃ cāsurasya saḥ |
ekaikeneṣuṇā muktāphalaketurapātayat || 72 ||
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ārūḍhasya rathaṃ tasya sārathiṃ turagāṃś ca yat |
so 'vadhīttadasau vidyuddhvajo māyāmaśiśriyast || 73 ||
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adṛśyaḥ sarvasainyena dyāmāruhya vavarṣa saḥ |
śilāścāstrāṇi vividhānyabhitaḥ suravāhinīm || 74 ||
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abhedyaṃ śarajālaṃ ca yanmuktāphalaketunā |
arudhyata sa tadaityo dadāhānalavṛṣṭibhiḥ || 75 ||
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athābhimantrya brahmāstraṃ sānugaṃ tamariṃ prati |
viśvakṣayakṣamaṃ muktāphalaketurmumoca saḥ || 76 ||
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tenāstreṇa sasainyo 'pi nihato gatajīvitaḥ |
nipapāta nabhomadhyādvidyuddhvajamahāsuraḥ || 77 ||
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śeṣāḥ palāyya jagmuś ca vidyuddhvajasutādayaḥ |
vajradaṃṣṭrādisahitā rasātalatalaṃ bhayāt || 78 ||
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devāś ca nādānupadaṃ jagaduḥ sādhu sādhviti |
śrīmuktāphalaketuṃ ca puṣpavarṣair apūjayan || 79 ||
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tataḥ śatrau hate śakraḥ prāptarājyastriviṣṭapam |
prāviśattriṣu lokeṣu babhūva ca mahotsavaḥ || 80 ||
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āgācchacīṃ puraskṛtya svayaṃ cātra prajāpatiḥ |
cūḍāratnottamaṃ muktāphalaketorbabandha ca || 81 ||
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indro 'pi rājaputrasya tasya rājyapradāyinaḥ |
hāraṃ svakaṇṭhataḥ kaṇṭhe nyadhādvijayaśobhinaḥ || 82 ||
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sam upāveśayattaṃ ca nijāsanasamāsane |
ānandapūrṇagīrvāṇavitīrṇavividhāśiṣam || 83 ||
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vidyuddhvajāsurapuraṃ pratīhāraṃ visṛjya ca |
tasmai dāsyannavasare svīcakre svapurādhikam || 84 ||
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tato 'smai rājaputrāya gandharvaḥ padmaśekharaḥ |
ditsuḥ padmāvatīṃ dhātuḥ sākūtaṃ mukhamaikṣata || 85 ||
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sa ca jñātāśayo dhātā gandharvendram uvāca tam |
kāryaśeṣo 'sti kaś cittadviṣahasva manāgiti || 86 ||
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tato hāhāhuhūgītaiḥ svaninādānunāditaiḥ |
rambhādinṛtyais tatrābhud indrasya vijayotsavaḥ || 87 ||
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dṛṣṭotsavapramode ca yāte dhātari vṛtrahā |
saṃmānya lokapālādīnsvaṃ svaṃ sthānaṃ visṛṣṭavān || 88 ||
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visasarja ca gandharvarājaṃ taṃ padmaśekharam |
nijaṃ gandharvanagaraṃ saṃmānya saparicchadam || 89 ||
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śrīmuktāphalaketuṃ ca candraketuṃ ca satkṛtau |
prāhiṇodutsavāya svaṃ vidyādharapuraṃ hariḥ || 90 ||
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sa ca saṃhṛtaviśvakaṇṭakastāṃ bahuvidyādhararājakānuyātaḥ |
janakānugataḥ sa rājadhānīm atha muktāphalaketurājagāma || 91 ||
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vararatnacitā ca sā tadānīṃ dhvajapaṭṭāṃśukamālinī praviṣṭe |
vibabhau nagarī cirāgate 'smin pitṛyukte jayabhāji rājaputre || 92 ||
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sa ca sapadi pitāsya candraketuḥ puri paritoṣitabandhubhṛtyavargaḥ |
jalam iva jalado vasu pravarṣan sutavijayotsavamūrjitaṃ tatāna || 93 ||
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sa ca muktāphalaketurvidyuddhvajadamanakīrtim apilabdhvā |
padmāvatīṃ vinā tāṃ na ratiṃ lebhe nijeṣu bhogeṣu || 94 ||
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saṃyatakākhyena punaḥ śarvādeśādi śaṃsinā sakhyā |
āśvāsyamānacittaḥ kṛcchreṇa sa tānyahānyanayat || 95 ||
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Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Kathasaritsagara Chapter 3

Cover of edition (2014)

The Ocean of Story
by C.H. Tawney (2014)

Being C.H. Tawney's Translation of Somadeva's Katha Sarit Sagara (Kathasaritsagara): (Ten Volumes)

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Cover of edition (2005)

Kathasaritsagar
by Kedarnath Sharma Saraswat (2005)

The Only Edition with the Sanskrit Text and its Hindi Translation (An Old and Rare Book) Set of 3 Vol.

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Kathasaritsagara of Somadeva Bhatta (Sanskrit Text Only)
by Vasudeva Laksmana Sastri (2013)

Buy now!
Cover of edition (1995)

Katha Sarit Sagar in Marathi
by H. A Bhave (1995)

Set of 5 Volumes; Published by Varada Books, Pune. 2256 pages (Throughout B/W Illustrations).

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2014)

Katha Sarit Sagara (Tamil)
by S. V. Ganapati (எஸ். வி. கணபதி) (2014)

[கதா சரித் சாகரம்] Published by Alliance Publications.

Buy now!
Cover of Bengali edition

Galpa Shono
by Abhijit Chattopadhyay (2014)

[গল্প শোনো] Galpa Shono: Bengali Translation of 'Suno Kahani From Katha Sarit Sagar'; 9788126015436; Published by Sahitya Akademi, Delhi.

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