Chandogya Upanishad (english Translation)

by Swami Lokeswarananda | 165,421 words | ISBN-10: 8185843910 | ISBN-13: 9788185843919

This is the English translation of the Chandogya-upanishad, including a commentary based on Swami Lokeswarananda’s weekly discourses; incorporating extracts from Shankara’s bhasya. The Chandogya Upanishad is a major Hindu philosophical text incorporated in the Sama Veda, and dealing with meditation and Brahman. This edition includes the Sanskrit t...

Verse 1.2.3

अथ ह वाचमुद्गीथमुपासांचक्रिरे तां हासुराः पाप्मना विविधुस्तस्मात्तयोभयं वदति सत्यं चानृतं च पाप्मना ह्येषा विद्धा ॥ १.२.३ ॥

atha ha vācamudgīthamupāsāṃcakrire tāṃ hāsurāḥ pāpmanā vividhustasmāttayobhayaṃ vadati satyaṃ cānṛtaṃ ca pāpmanā hyeṣā viddhā || 1.2.3 ||

3. Next the gods and goddesses worshipped speech as udgītha [i.e., they used speech in praise of Om]. The demons, however, pierced it with evil [i.e., misused it out of ignorance]. This is why people use the organ of speech to speak both truth and untruth. This happens beacuse speech was pierced with evil.

Word-for-word explanation:

Atha ha, next; vācam, speech; udgītham upāsāñcakrire, [the gods and goddesses] worshipped as udgītha; tām ha asurāḥ pāpmanā vividhuḥ, the asuras pierced it with evil [i.e., misused it]; tasmāt, that is why; tayā, by it [the organ of speech]; vadati, one speaks; ubhayam satyam ca anṛtam ca, both truth and untruth; pāpmanā hi eṣā viddhā, because this [speech] was pierced with evil [by the ignorant demons].

Commentary:

There is no commentary available for this verse.