Ashtavakra Gita [sanskrit]

by John Richards | 1994 | 2,996 words

Ashtavakra Gita is a Sanskrit text belonging to the Advaita Vedanta school of orthodox Indian philosophy, instructing the reader in some of the core concepts. Traditionally believed to be authored by sage Ashtavakra, it is presented in the form of a dialogue between him and Janaka, king of Mithila. Alternative titles: अष्टावक्रगीता, Aṣṭāvakragītā, Astavakragita, अष्टावक्र-गीता, Aṣṭāvakra-gītā.

Verse 17.12

पश्यञ्छृण्वन्स्पृशञ्जिघ्रन्नश्नन्गृह्णन्वदन्व्रजन् ।
ईहिताऽनीहितैर्मुक्तो मुक्त एव महाशयः ॥ १२ ॥

paśyañchṛṇvanspṛśañjighrannaśnangṛhṇanvadanvrajan |
īhitā'nīhitairmukto mukta eva mahāśayaḥ || 12 ||

Seeing, hearing, feeling, smelling, tasting, speaking and walking about, the great souled man who is freed from trying to achieve or avoid anything is free indeed.

English translation by John Richards (1994) Read online

Glossary of Sanskrit terms

Note: This extracts Sanskrit terms and links to English definitions from the glossary, based on an experimental segmentation of verse (17.12). Some terms could be superfluous while some might not be mentioned. Click on the word to show English definitions.

Anihita, Mukta, Eva, Mahashaya,

Analysis of Sanskrit grammar

Note: this is an experimental feature and only shows the first possible analysis of the Sanskrit text (Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.12). If the system was successful in segmenting the sentence, you will see of which words it is made up of, generally consisting of Nouns, Pronouns, Verbs, Participles and Indeclinables. Click on the link to show all possible derivations of the word.

  • Line 1: “paśyañchṛṇvanspṛśañjighrannaśnangṛhṇanvadanvrajan
  • Cannot analyse paśyañchṛṇvanspṛśañjighrannaśnangṛhṇanvadanvrajan
  • Line 2: “īhitā'nīhitairmukto mukta eva mahāśayaḥ
  • īhitā' -
  • anīhitair -
  • anīhita (noun, masculine)
    [instrumental plural]
    anīhita (noun, neuter)
    [instrumental plural]
  • mukto* -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • mukta* -
  • mukta (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 6 verb]
    muc -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muc class 1 verb]
    muj -> mukta (participle, masculine)
    [nominative single from √muj class 1 verb]
  • eva -
  • eva (indeclinable particle)
    [indeclinable particle]
    eva (noun, masculine)
    [compound], [vocative single]
    eva (noun, neuter)
    [compound], [vocative single]
  • mahāśayaḥ -
  • mahāśaya (noun, masculine)
    [nominative single]

Other print editions:

Also see the following print editions of the Sanskrit text or (alternative) English translations of the Ashtavakra Gita Verse 17.12

Cover of edition (2016)

Astavakra (Ashtavakra) Gita
by Swami Chinmayananda (2016)

Sanskrit Text, Transliteration, Word-to-Word Meaning, Translation and Detailed Commentary

Buy now!
Cover of edition (2013)

Ashtavakra Gita
by Kaka Hariom (2013)

Word-to-Word Meaning with Hindi Translation

Buy now!
Like what you read? Consider supporting this website: