Kramana, Krāmaṇa: 13 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Kramana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra

Krāmaṇa (क्रामण):—Fifteenth of the eighteen Saṃskāra (special purification process). They are used to purify rasa (mercury) as per Rasaśāstra literature (Medicinal Alchemy), and are mentioned in texts such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara. In Āyurveda, Saṃskāra refers to the “detoxification” process of metals and herbs. The Krāmaṇa-saṃskāra is mainly used for transmutational alchemical purposes. In other words: the last ten saṃskāras are sequentially used for the ends of transmutational and elixir alchemy. Krāmaṇa refers to the process of ‘taking hold’ or ‘progression’ and involves smearing mercury with a mineral and herbal paste and heating it in a fire pit such that it becomes capable, as a transmuting agent, of penetrating both metals and human body tissues.

Source: Google Books: The Alchemical Body

Krāmaṇa (“taking hold, progression”), mercury is smeared with a mineral and herbal paste and heated in a puṭa such that it becomes capable, as a transmuting agent, of penetrating both metals and bodily tissues.

Rasashastra book cover
context information

Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kramaṇa (क्रमण).—Doubling. Irregular doubling is looked upon as a fault; cf. क्रमणं वा अयथेक्तम् (kramaṇaṃ vā ayathektam) R.Pr. XIV. 25.

context information

Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kramaṇa (क्रमण).—n S Advancing, proceeding, passing on.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kramaṇa (क्रमण).—n Advancing, passing on.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kramaṇa (क्रमण).—[krāmatyanena karaṇe lyuṭ]

1) The foot.

2) A horse.

-ṇam 1 A step, Y.1.188.

2) Walking; यो वामृजेव क्रम- णाय रोदसी (yo vāmṛjeva krama- ṇāya rodasī) Rv.6.7.3.

3) Proceeding.

4) Transgressing.

5) Treatment of words or letters according to the Krama arrangement; Rv. Pr.14.

Derivable forms: kramaṇaḥ (क्रमणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kramaṇa (क्रमण).—m.

(-ṇaḥ) A foot. n.

(-ṇaṃ) Going, proceeding. E. kram to go, affix lyuṭ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kramaṇa (क्रमण).—i. e. kram + ana, n. 1. Walking, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 50, 15. 2. Passing, Mahābhārata 3, 16254.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kramaṇa (क्रमण).—[masculine] step; [neuter] stepping, walking, crossing.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kramaṇa (क्रमण):—[from kram] m. a step, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra iii, 8, 11 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] the foot, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a horse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a son of Bhaja-māna, [Harivaṃśa 2002]

5) [v.s. ...] n. stepping, walking, going, [Ṛg-veda vi, 70, 3; Yājñavalkya i, 188; Mṛcchakaṭikā; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] stepping or treading upon (in [compound]), [Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] transgressing (ifc.), [Mahābhārata xii, 16254; Rāmāyaṇa v, 1] (at end)

8) [v.s. ...] a step, [Ṛg-veda i, 155, 5]

9) [v.s. ...] approaching or undertaking anything ([dative case]), [Pāṇini 3-1, 14]

10) [v.s. ...] treatment of words or letters according to the Krama arrangement (id est. doubling letters or words etc.), [Ṛgveda-prātiśākhya xiv.]

11) Krāmaṇa (क्रामण):—[from kram] a n. a particular process applied to mercury, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

12) [from krānta] b See, [ib.]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Kramaṇa (क्रमण):——

1) m. — a) Schritt. — b) *Fuss. — c) *Pferd. — d) Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Bhajamāna. —

2) n. — a) das Schreiten , Gehen. — b) das Betreten , Treten auf. — c) das Ueberschreiten. — d) Schritt. — e) das sich an Etwas (Dat.) Machen. — f) Behandlung nach der Weise des Krama 11).

--- OR ---

Krāmaṇa (क्रामण):—n. ein best. mit dem Quecksilber unternommener Process.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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