Uktika: 1 definition


Uktika means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Tessitori Collection I

Uktika (उक्तिक) is the name of a work dealing with Lexicography.—The Uktika (in Gujarati/Sanskrit) is included in the collection of manuscripts at the ‘Vincenzo Joppi’ library, collected by Luigi Pio Tessitori during his visit to Rajasthan between 1914 and 1919.—The Uktika is between a grammar and a dictionary. The purpose is to give a form in Old Gujarati followed by one or more Sanskrit equivalents. It is useful in order to be able to switch between the two languages and has a pedagogical aim. The present work is anonymous. In its complete form, it includes a list of present forms (see section-colophon), then a list of past participles (the ms. has approximately two thirds of this section), then a list of kṛtyas, a list of pronominal forms, adverbs and conjunctions, non-grammatical words and numbers (all of them not available here). According to Velankar (p. 63), ‘the auktikas are a sort of prākṛta into Sanskrit dictionaries’. Here the language is not always classical prakrit, but rather a later stage at places very close to old gujarati.

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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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