Sphotika, Sphoṭikā: 5 definitions

Introduction:

Sphotika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Sphoṭika (स्फोटिक) refers to a “crystal”, according to  the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 36.—Accordingly, [while explaining how the physical qualities of the Buddha should be recollected]: “[...] (5) A tuft of white hair grows between his eyebrows the white brilliance of which surpasses that of crystal (sphoṭika). (6) He has clear eyes, wide eyes, the color of which is deep blue. (7) His nose is high, fine and pleasing. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sphoṭikā (स्फोटिका).—A kind of bird.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Sphoṭika (स्फोटिक).—Mahāvastu iii.58.4, uncertain meaning, see s.v. tri- puṣkara.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sphoṭikā (स्फोटिका):—[from sphoṭaka > sphuṭ] a f. idem, [Suśruta]

2) [v.s. ...] a kind of bird, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [from sphuṭ] b See sphoṭaka above.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Sphoṭikā (स्फोटिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Phuḍiā, Phoḍiyā.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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