Sikkhapada, Sikkhāpada: 3 definitions



Sikkhapada means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Sikkhapada in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

'steps of training', moral rules.

The 5 moral rules, also called pañca-sīla which are binding on all Buddhist laymen, are:

  • (1) abstaining from killing any living being,
  • (2) from stealing,
  • (3) from unlawful sexual intercourse,
  • (4) from lying,
  • (5) from the use of intoxicants. (s. surāmeraya etc.)

The 10 rules (dasa-sīla) are binding on all novices and monks, namely:

  • (1) abstaining from killing,
  • (2) from stealing,
  • (3) from unchastity,
  • (4) from lying,
  • (5) from the use of intoxicants,
  • (6) from eating after midday,
  • (7) from dancing, singing, music and shows,
  • (8) from garlands, scents, cosmetics and adornments, etc.,
  • (9) from luxurious beds,
  • (10) from accepting gold and silver.

In the 8 rules (attha-sīla) which on full and new moon days, and on the first and last quarter of the moon, are observed by many lay-followers (upāsaka), the 7th and 8th of the above 10 rules are fused into one as the 7th rule, while the 9th becomes the 8th.

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Sikkhapada in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

sikkhāpada : (nt.) a precept; a religious rule.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Sikkhāpada, (nt.) (sikkhā+pada, the latter in sense of pada 3. Cp. BSk. śikṣāpada) set of precepts, “preceptorial, ” code of training; instruction, precept, rule.—1. in general: D. I, 63, 146, 250; M. I, 33; A. I, 63, 235 sq.; II, 14, 250 sq.; III, 113, 262; IV, 152, 290 sq.; S. II, 224; V, 187; Vin. I, 102; II, 95, 258; III, 177; IV, 141 (sahadhammika), 143 (khudd’ânukhuddakāni); It. 96, 118; VbhA. 69 (bhesajja°); DhA. III, 16.—2. in special: the 5 (or 10) rules of morality, or the precepts to be adopted in particular by one who is entering the Buddhist community either as a layman or an initiate. There seem to have been only 5 rules at first, which are the same as the first 5 sīlas (see sīla 2 b): S. II, 167; Vbh. 285 (explained in detail at VbhA. 381 sq.); DhA. I, 32 and passim. To these were added another 5, so as to make the whole list (the dasasikkhāpadaṃ or °padāni) one of 10 (which are not the 10 sīlas!). These are (6) vikāla-bhojanā (-veramaṇī) not eating at the wrong hour; (7) nacca-gītavādita-visūka-dassanā° to avoid worldly amusements; (8) mālā-gandha-vilepana-dhāraṇa-maṇḍana-vibhūsanaṭṭhānā° to use neither unguents nor ornaments; (9) uccā-sayana-mahā-sayanā° not to sleep on a high, big bed; (10) jātarūpa rajata-paṭiggahaṇā° not to accept any gold or silver: Vin. I, 83=Kh II.; A. I, 211, and frequently.—dasa-sikkhāpadikā (f.) conforming to the 10 obligations (of a nun) Vin. IV, 343 (=sāmaṇerī). There is nowhere any mention of the 8 sikkhāpadas as such, but they are called aṭṭhaṅgika uposatha (see sīla 2b), e.g. Mhvs 37, 202.—diyaḍḍha-sikkhāpada-sata the 150 precepts, i.e. the Pāṭimokkha A. I, 230, 234; Miln. 243. (Page 708)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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