Rudrakanya, Rudrakanyā: 1 definition



Rudrakanya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Rudrakanya in Shaivism glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Rudrakanyā (रुद्रकन्या) refer to members of the dance troupe employed in Śiva temples.—Performance of śuddhanṛtta or classical dance by Rudrakanyā accompanied by Pañcācārya is known as saukhyakarma. This is recommended to be performed as part of nityotsava, sthāpana, prokṣana, prāyaścitta, adbhutaśānti, utsava, snapana, māsapūjā, homakarma, dhvajārohaṇa and other kāmya-karma.

Rudrakanyās are described in two ways. One, as the Apasaras created by Rudra for the sake of Kauśika, who are from time immemorial known as the vaṃśa of Rudragaṇika. Second, as the daughters of Rudra, conceived by the wives of the Ṛṣīs in the Devatāruvana when they beheld in wondrous desire, the beautiful form of Śiva resplendent in all auspicious adornments. The daughters thus born are known as Rudragaṇikā.

The Rudrakanyā and the Pañcācārya should also undergo dīkṣā by the Ācārya. They are honoured with new clothes and ornaments and also given bhṛti or wages to “their heart’s content”.

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context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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