Pranasa, Prāṇasā, Pranasha, Praṇāśa, Praṇasa: 13 definitions


Pranasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Praṇāśa can be transliterated into English as Pranasa or Pranasha, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Praṇāśa (प्रणाश):—Loss

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Praṇāśa (प्रणाश) refers to the “destruction” (of crops), according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 9), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The five constellations from Maghā form the third maṇḍala: if Venus should reappear in it, crops will suffer [i.e., sasya-praṇāśa-kṛt-śukra]; there will also be suffering from hunger and robbers. Cāṇḍālas will prosper and there will be an intermingling of castes. If Venus, who so reappears in the said maṇḍala, should be crossed by a planet, shepherds, hunters, the Śūdras, the Puṇḍras the border Mlecchas, the Śūlikas, forestmen, the Draviḍas and persons who live close to the sea will be afflicted with miseries”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

prāṇasā (प्राणसा).—a (As one's soul or life.) Exceedingly beloved.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Praṇāśa (प्रणाश).—

1) Cessation, loss, disappearance; ज्ञात्वा प्रणाशं तु तदा जयन्तस्य (jñātvā praṇāśaṃ tu tadā jayantasya) Rām.7.28.21; ध्रुवं प्रणाशः प्रहितस्य पत्रिणः (dhruvaṃ praṇāśaḥ prahitasya patriṇaḥ) Kirātārjunīya 14.9;13.33.

2) Death, destruction; भर्तुः प्रणाशादथ शोचनीयम् (bhartuḥ praṇāśādatha śocanīyam) R.14.1.

Derivable forms: praṇāśaḥ (प्रणाशः).

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Praṇasa (प्रणस).—a. Having a prominent nose, large-nosed.

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Praṇāśa (प्रणाश).—s. v. प्रणश् (praṇaś).

Derivable forms: praṇāśaḥ (प्रणाशः).

See also (synonyms): praṇāśana.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇasa (प्रणस).—f.

(-sā) Adj. Having a prominent nose.

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Praṇāśa (प्रणाश).—m.

(-śaḥ) Loss, destruction. E. pra before, ṇaś to be destroyed, ghañ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāśa (प्रणाश).—i. e. pra-naś + a, m. 1. Disappearance, loss, [Pañcatantra] 5, 10. 2. Death, 87, 19.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāśa (प्रणाश).—[masculine] disappearance, loss, death.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Praṇāśa (प्रणाश):—[=pra-ṇāśa] [from pra-ṇaś] m. vanishing, disappearance, cessation, loss, destruction, death, [Rāmāyaṇa; Varāha-mihira; Suśruta etc.]

2) Praṇasa (प्रणस):—[=pra-ṇasa] mfn. having a prominent nose, [Pāṇini 5-4, 119 [Scholiast or Commentator]]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Praṇāśa (प्रणाश):—[pra-ṇāśa] (śaḥ) 1. m. Destruction.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pranāśa (प्रनाश) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Paṇāsa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pranasa in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Praṇāśa (ಪ್ರಣಾಶ):—

1) [noun] the fact or state of being destroyed; destruction.

2) [noun] death; decease.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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