Panasa: 17 definitions

Introduction

Panasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

One of the Hands indicating Trees.—Panasa (bread-fruit), the Catura hand;

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Panasa (पनस).—A soldier of the army of monkeys of Śrī Rāma. This soldier was the commander-in-chief of an army of fiftyone crores of monkeys who fought against Rāvaṇa. His chief object of attack was the army of a demon named Paṭuśa. (Chapter 283, Vana Parva).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Panasa (पनस).—A Vānara, whose daughter was Rumā;1 followed Rāma in his expedition to Lankā.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 7. 221, 231.
  • 2) Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 10. 19.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam

Panasa (पनस) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Panasa) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Pancaratra (worship of Nārāyaṇa)

Source: archive.org: Isvara Samhita Vol 5

Panasa (पनस) refers to the “jack fruits” and is used in oblation offerings, according to verse 25.137-141a of the 8th-century Īśvarasaṃhitā. Accordingly, “... they [eg., panasa] are already cooked, filling the cooking vessels (sthālī) and dishes (śarāva) are to be kept in all broad frying vessels (ambarīṣa). They are to be placed on vessels (pātra) smeared with (within) ghee (ghṛta), are hot and are to be spread out there. They which are heated and made greasy with powdered peppers, jīraka and ghee are to be stirred again and again with ladle. They are to be kept in vessels covered with clothes etc”.

Pancaratra book cover
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Pancaratra (पाञ्चरात्र, pāñcarātra) represents a tradition of Hinduism where Narayana is revered and worshipped. Closeley related to Vaishnavism, the Pancaratra literature includes various Agamas and tantras incorporating many Vaishnava philosophies.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Panasa (पनस) refers to the “jackfruit” and is mentioned in a list of potential causes for indigestion in the 17th century Bhojanakutūhala (dravyaguṇāguṇa-kathana), and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—A complete section in Bhojanakutūhala is devoted for the description of agents that cause indigestion [viz., panasa (jackfruit)]. These agents consumed on a large scale can cause indigestion for certain people. The remedies [viz., kadala (plantain) or sarjabīja (Terminalia tomentosa) or ārdrāmrabīja (fresh seed of mango)] for these types of indigestions are also explained therewith.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

1) Panasa (पनस) refers to a kind of tree (vṛkṣa) commonly found in the forests (vaṇa) of ancient India, mentioned in the 1st century Uvavāiya-sutta (sanksrit: Aupapātika-sūtra). Forests have been a significant part of the Indian economy since ancient days. They have been considered essential for economic development in as much as, besides bestowing many geographical advantages, they provide basic materials for building, furniture and various industries. The most important forest products are wood and timber which have been used by the mankind to fulfil his various needs—domestic, agricultural and industrial.

Different kinds of trees (eg., the Panasa tree) provided firewood and timber. The latter was used for furniture, building materials, enclosures, staircases, pillars, agricultural purposes, e. g. for making ploughs, transportation e. g. for making carts, chariots, boats, ships, and for various industrial needs. Vaṇa-kamma was an occupation dealing in wood and in various otherforest products. Iṅgāla-kamma was another occupation which was concerned with preparing charcoal from firewood.

2) Panasa (पनस) refers to “jack fruit”: a type of fruit (phala), according to Jain canonical texts (eg., the Jñātādharmakathāṅga-sūtra from the 3rd century B.C.). It is also known as Phanasa. Various kinds of fruits were grown and consumed by the people in ancient India. Fruits were also dried up for preservation. Koṭṭaka was a place for this operation. Besides being grown in orchards, fruits were gathered from jungles and were carried to cities for sales.

The Jain canonical texts frequently mention different horticulture products viz. fruits (eg., Pānasa fruit), vegetables and flowers which depict that horticulture was a popular pursuit of the people at that time. Gardens and parks (ārāma, ujjāṇa or nijjāṇa) were full of fruits and flowers of various kinds which besides yielding their products provided a calm and quiet place where people could enjoy the natural surroundings.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Panasa is the name of a tree mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D).—Panasa refers to the “bread-fruit” tree.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees (eg., Panasa), creepers medicinal and flowering plants and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Travel through the thick, high, impregnable and extensive Vindhya forest is a typical feature of many travel-stories. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Panasa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

panasa : (m.) jack tree. (nt.) jack fruit.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Panasa, (cp. late Sk. panasa, Lat. penus stores, Lith. p&etilde; nas fodder, perhaps Goth. fenea) the Jack or bread-fruit tree (Artocarpus integrifolia) and its fruit J. I, 450; II, 160; V, 205, 465; Vv 4413; KhA 49, 50, 58 (°phala, where Vism. 258 reads panasa-taca); SnA 475; VvA. 147. (Page 411)

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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

paṇasa (पणस).—m R (Commonly phaṇasa) The Jack tree or its fruit, Artocarpus integrifolia.

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panasa (पनस).—m S (Popularly phaṇasa) The Jack-tree and its fruit.

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pāṇasā (पाणसा).—m (pāṇī & vasaṇēṃ) Pasture and water, considered as they affect or respect cattle. Ex. hyā gāṃvacā pā0 gurāṃsa mānata nāhīṃ.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

paṇasa (पणस).—m (Commonly phaṇasa.) The Jack tree or its fruit, Artocarpus integrifolia.

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panasa (पनस).—m (Popularly phaṇasa.) The Jack-tree and its fruit.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṇasa (पणस).—An article of sale, a commodity.

Derivable forms: paṇasaḥ (पणसः).

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Panasa (पनस).—

1) The bread-fruit or jack tree.

2) A thorn.

-sā, -sī 1 A kind of malady, pustular and phlegmonoid inflammation of the skin or external organs.

2) A female monkey.

3) A female demon.

-sam The fruit of the bread-fruit tree.

Derivable forms: panasaḥ (पनसः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṇasa (पणस).—m.

(-saḥ) A commodity, an article of sale or traffic. E. paṇ to do business, Unadi aff. karmaṇi-asac .

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Panasa (पनस).—m. ((saḥ) 1. The bread-fruit or Jack tree, (Artocarpus integrifolia.) 2. A thorn. 3. The name of a monkey. f.

(-sā) 1. A malady, pustular and phlegmonoid inflammation of the skin or external organs. 2. A she monkey. 3. A female demon. E. pan to praise or be praised, Unadi aff. asac.

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Pānasa (पानस).—n.

(-saṃ) A spirituous liquor prepared from the fruit of the Jack tree. E. panasa the Jack, and aṇ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Panasa (पनस).—[masculine] the bread-fruit tree, [Name] of a monkey.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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