Patalaka, Paṭalaka, Pāṭalaka: 9 definitions


Patalaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Hindu Mathematics

Pāṭalaka (पाटलक) or Pāṭala refers to the “pink color” which were used as symbols for the unknowns, according to the principles of Bījagaṇita (“algebra” or ‘science of calculation’), according to Gaṇita-śāstra, ancient Indian mathematics and astronomy.—Āryabhaṭa I (499) very probably used coloured shots to represent unknowns. Brahmagupta (628) in the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta mentions varṇa as the symbols of unknowns. As he has not attempted in any way to explain this method of symbolism, it appears that the method was already very familiar. [...] In the case of more unknowns, it is usual to denote the first yāvattāvat and the remaining ones by alphabets or colours [e.g., pāṭalaka].—Cf. Pṛthūdakasvāmī (860) in his commentary on the Brāhmasphuṭasiddhānta by Brahmagupta (628) and Bhāskara II in the Bījagaṇita.

Ganitashastra book cover
context information

Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭalaka (पटलक).—

1) A cover, screen, veil.

2) A little box or basket.

Derivable forms: paṭalakaḥ (पटलकः), paṭalakam (पटलकम्).

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Pāṭalaka (पाटलक).—a. Of a pale-red colour.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāṭalaka (पाटलक).—(nt.; = Sanskrit °la plus -ka), (1) the plant called in Sanskrit pāṭala, trumpet-flower: Divyāvadāna 619.19; (2) name of a caitya at Pāṭaligrāmaka: MPS 4.2 ff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Paṭalaka (पटलक).—[paṭala + ka] (m. or n.). A heap, [Kathāsaritsāgara, (ed. Brockhaus.)] 43, 27.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭalaka (पटलक):—[from paṭ] m. or n. a cover, screen, veil, [Kādambarī]

2) [v.s. ...] a little chest or box or basket, [ib.; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) Pāṭalaka (पाटलक):—[from pāṭala] mfn. pale red (Name of the 12th unknown quantity), [Colebrooke]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Paṭalaka (पटलक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Paḍalaga, Paḍalaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Patalaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Paṭalaka (ಪಟಲಕ):—

1) [noun] a screen, curtain or veil.

2) [noun] a small box or chest, as for valuables.

3) [noun] a multitude, crowd, herd, etc.

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Paṭaḷaka (ಪಟಳಕ):—[noun] = ಪಟಲಕ [patalaka].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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