Patalika, Paṭalika, Paṭalikā, Pāṭalikā, Pāṭalika, Paṭālika: 11 definitions


Patalika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Paṭālika (पटालिक) refers to “plenty of cloths”, mentioned in verse 3.34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] In groves in which the hot-rayed one is darkened by cloud-grazing huge Sal trees and Palmyra palms, (and which are) profuse in bunches of grapes clinging to spring-flowers in a rest-house in which (are found) plenty of cloths [viz., paṭālika] besprinkled with fragrant cold water, [...]”.

Note: Paṭālika (“plenty of cloths”) has been left untranslated, evidently for lack of space, and its attribute sicyamāna joined to kāyamāna instead.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The Jaina Iconography

Pāṭalika (पाटलिक) or Kadamba refers to the tree associated with Vāsupūjya: the twelfth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—The emblem constantly associated with Vāsupūjya, as wegather from Jaina books, is the buffalo. The other characteristics of his image viz. the Śāsanadeva and the Śāsanadevī are known by the names of Kumāra and Caṇḍā (Digambara: Gāndhārī). The tree which gave him shade while acquiring the Kevala knowledge is Pāṭalika according to the Abhidhānacintāmaṇi and Kadamba according to the Uttarapurāṇa. A King named Darpiṣṭa-Vāsudeva is to wave the Chowri or the fly-fan by his side.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Geography in Ancient Indian inscriptions

Pāṭalikā (पाटलिका) is a word denoting a ‘village’ or ‘hamlet’ and can be seen as a synonym for grāma, often used in inscriptions.—Terms such as pāṭalikā are in many cases, associated with the names of the villages so as to become the ending part of the different place-names. Inscriptions throw light on the location of the villages in different ways. Firstly, they communicate us an idea about the country, the division and the sub-division to which these villages belonged. Secondly, the inscriptions provide information regarding theboundaries of the donated villages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Paṭalikā.—cf. Tamil paḍaligai. Note: paṭalikā is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Patalika in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paṭalikā : (f.) a woolen coverlet embroidered with flowers.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paṭalika, (adj.) (fr. paṭala) belonging to a cover or lining, having or forming a cover or lining, as adj. said of sandals (eka° with single lining) J. II, 277 (v. l. for ekatalika); III, 80, 81 (id.).—as n. f. paṭalikā a woven cloth, a woollen coverlet (embroidered with flowers), usually combined with paṭikā Vin. I, 192; II, 162; D. I, 7 (=ghana-puppho uṇṇāmayo attharako. So āmilākapaṭṭo ti pi vuccati DA. I, 87); A. I, 137, 181; III, 50, IV. 94, 231, 394. (Page 391)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Paṭalikā (पटलिका).—A heap, mass, multitude.

--- OR ---

Pāṭalika (पाटलिक).—a. (- f.)

1) Knowing the secrets of others.

2) Knowing time and place.

-kaḥ A pupil.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Pāṭalikā (पाटलिका).—see pātalikā.

--- OR ---

Pātalikā (पातलिका).—or pāṭ°, receptacle, pouch: lavaṇa-p° Mahāvyutpatti 9018 = Tibetan tshva (salt) khug (pouch). Text pāt° (and so Mironov); Index pātalikā, but lavaṇa-pāṭalikā (so [Boehtlingk and Roth]). Etym.?

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Paṭalikā (पटलिका):—[from paṭalaka > paṭ] f. = [preceding] [Nalacampū or damayantīkathā]

2) [v.s. ...] heap, mass, multitude, [Kāvya literature]

3) Pāṭalika (पाटलिक):—[from pāṭala] mfn. knowing the secrets of others, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] one who knows time and place, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a pupil, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a town (= pāṭali-putra), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Patalika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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