Paribbajaka, Paribbājaka, Paribbājakā: 4 definitions


Paribbajaka means something in Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Paribbajaka in Theravada glossary
Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

The name given to the ascetics and recluses (not otherwise classified) of the Buddhas time. They were not exclusively brahmin. Their presence seems to have been recognized and respected from earlier times. Generally speaking, their creed is formulated as a belief in perfect bliss after death for the self purged from evil, and as a conviction that this bliss can be won by brahmacariya, by freedom from all evil in acts, words, aims, and mode of livelihood (See, e.g., M.ii.24).

All these four standards of conduct were bodily incorporated in the Buddhas Noble Eightfold Path, and the last of the four gave to the Ajivakas their specific name as a separate sect. The Paribbajakas claimed to be identical with the followers of the Buddha in their tenets and teaching (E.g., M.i.64f, 84f), but the Buddha maintained that the two teachings were quite distinct. This is clearly indicated (E.g.,Vin.i.39.) in connection with the conversion of Sariputta and Moggallana, who were Paribbajakas under Sanjaya. The goal of the Paribbajakas was deathlessness (amata) which, to them, probably meant birth in the world of Brahma. Their conversion to the Buddhas Doctrine followed the recognition that Gotama dealt, not with effects but with causes, and that he went to the root of the matter by teaching how casual states of consciousness arose and how they could be banished for ever. (Chalmers: Further Dialogues i. Introd. xxi. For discussions on the views of the Paribbajakas as compared with those of the Buddha, see also A.iv.35ff., 378; i.215).

The Paribbajakas were not ascetics except in so far as they were celibates; some of them were women. They were teachers or sophists who spent eight or nine months of every year wandering from place to place for the purpose of engaging in friendly, conversational discussions on matters of ethics and philosophy, nature lore and mysticism. They differed very much in intelligence, earnestness, and even in honesty. Some of the views discussed in the Brahmajala Sutta, for instance, and described as those of Eel wrigglers and Hair splitters, were undoubtedly truly thus described. The books mention halls erected for the accommodation of the Paribbajakas, such as those in Mallikas park at Savatthi (D.i.178), and the Kutagarasala at Vesali.

Sometimes special places were set apart for them in the groves near the settlements, as

at Campa on the bank of the Gaggara lake (Ibid., 111), at the Moranivapa in Rajagaha (A.v.326), and on the banks of the Sappinika (Ibid., i.185; ii.175).

It was in such places that the Paribbajakas met each other, and in the course of their journeys they would visit each other in order to exchange greetings of courtesy and to engage in profitable discussion. The utmost cordiality seems to have prevailed on these occasions,

Source: Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary

M Follower of a heretical school of thought. Monks affiliated to a school of thought teaching rituals rooted in false views (miccha ditthi).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Paribbajaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

paribbājaka : (m.) a wandering religious mendicant.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Paribbājaka, (fr. pari+vraj) a wandering man, a Wanderer, wandering religious mendicant, not necessarily Buddhist (cp. Muir, J. R. A. S. 1866, 321; Lassen, Ind. Alt II. 114, 277, 468; Vin. Texts I. 41) Vin. I, 342; IV, 285 (bhikkhuñ ca sāmaṇerañ ca ṭhapetvā yo koci paribbājaka-samāpanno); D. I, 157; III, 1 sq. , 35 sq. , 53 sq. , 130 sq.; M. I, 64, 84; S. I, 78; II, 22, 119, 139; III, 257 sq.; IV, 230, 251, 391 sq.; A. I, 115, 157, 185, 215; II, 29 sq. , 176; IV, 35 sq. , 338, 378; V, 48 sq.; Sn. 537, 553; J. I, 85; Ud. 14, 65; DA. I, 35; PvA. 31.—f. paribbājikā Vin. IV, 285; M. I, 305; S. III, 238 sq.; Ud. 13, 43 sq. (Page 430)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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