Nirvishaya, Nirviṣaya, Nir-vishaya: 12 definitions


Nirvishaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Nirviṣaya can be transliterated into English as Nirvisaya or Nirvishaya, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Nirvishaya in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय) refers to “being free from sense objects”, according to the the Amanaska Yoga treatise dealing with meditation, absorption, yogic powers and liberation.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Vāmadeva: “[...] The mind alone is the cause of people’s liberation and bondage. The mind which clings to sense objects [leads] to bondage, and the mind which is free from sense objects (nirviṣaya), to liberation. All this, whatever is moving and motionless, is [just] a visible object of the mind. For, when the mind has become free of the mind, [Yogins] call it the state of non-duality. [...]”.

Yoga book cover
context information

Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Nirvishaya in Jainism glossary
Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय) refers to “(being) devoid of any sense object”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Then if the mind is devoid of any sense object (nirviṣaya) [and] influenced by restraint and tranquillity by means of virtue still there is no ascertainment of reality. Also sometimes when these (i.e. good duration of life, etc.), which are exceedingly difficult to obtain, are obtained because of divine [action], some here [in the world] who are absorbed in objects of desire fall down because of carelessness”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvishaya in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nirviṣaya (निर्विषय).—a S Exempt from every (sensual, sensible, or mundane) object of attachment or desire.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvishaya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय).—a.

1) expelled or driven away from one's home, residence or proper place; मनोनिर्विषयार्थकामया (manonirviṣayārthakāmayā) Kumārasambhava 5.38; R.9.32; also

Nirviṣaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nir and viṣaya (विषय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय).—I. m. no home, not being a dwelling-place, [Harivaṃśa, (ed. Calc.)] 3654. Ii. adj. 1. having no home banished, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 79, 47. 2. not attached to worldly objects, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 2, 1, 19.

Nirviṣaya is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms nis and viṣaya (विषय).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय).—[adjective] having no residence, support, or sphere; banished, driven from (—°).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय):—[=nir-viṣaya] [from nir > niḥ] mfn. having no dwelling-place or expelled from it (also yī-kṛta), banished from ([compound]), [Kāvya literature]

2) [v.s. ...] supportless, hanging in the air, [Harivaṃśa 3645]

3) [v.s. ...] having no object or sphere of action, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa] (-tva n., [Śaṃkarācārya])

4) [v.s. ...] not attached to sensual objects, [Kapila; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय):—[nir-viṣaya] (yaḥ-yā-yaṃ) a. Indifferent to the things of the world.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nirviṣaya (निर्विषय) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇivvisaya.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nirvishaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Nirvishaya in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nirviṣaya (ನಿರ್ವಿಷಯ):—

1) [noun] the quality or fact of being disinterested in sensual pleasures, worldly possessions, etc.

2) [noun] the Supreme Being who has this quality.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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