Mitrasena: 6 definitions



Mitrasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mitrasena in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Mitrasena (मित्रसेन).—A King who fought on the side of the Kauravas in the great battle. Arjuna killed him. (Śloka 20, Chapter 19, Karṇa Parva).

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Mitrasena in Jainism glossary
Source: The Jaina Iconography

Mitrasenā (मित्रसेना) is the mother of Aranātha: the eighteenth of twenty-four Tīrthaṃkaras or Jinas, commonly depicted in Jaina iconography.—Aranātha’s father was a Kṣatriya prince of the lunar race, he was known by the name of Sudarśana. The Jina’s mother was queen Mitrasenā. Their capital was at Hastināpura, where Aranātha was born. This Jina also became an emperor. He obtained the name of Ara because his mother saw a dream of a wheel (Ara) of jewels.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mitrasena in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Mitrasena (मित्रसेन) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—Jātakakarmapaddhati.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mitrasena (मित्रसेन):—[=mitra-sena] [from mitra] m. Name of a Gandharva, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of the 12th Manu, [Harivaṃśa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a grandson of Kṛṣṇa, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] of a king of the Draviḍa country, [Catalogue(s)]

5) [v.s. ...] of a Buddhist, [Buddhist literature]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mitrasena (मित्रसेन):—[(mitra + senā)] m. Nomen proprium

1) eines Sohnes des [12ten] Manu [Harivaṃśa 484.] —

2) eines Grosssohnes des Kṛṣṇa [Harivaṃśa] [LANGL. II, 158.] —

3) eines Buddhisten Vie de [Hiouen-Thsang 109.] —

4) eines Fürsten der Draviḍa [Oxforder Handschriften 15,b, Nalopākhyāna 2.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mitrasena (मित्रसेन):—m. Nomen proprium —

1) eines Gandharva [Wilson's Uebersetzung des Viṣṇupurāṇa ,2,293.] —

2) eines Sohnes des 12ten Manu. —

3) eines Enkels des Kṛṣṇa. —

4) eines Fürsten der Draviḍa. —

5) *eines Buddhisten.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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