Javana: 12 definitions


Javana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A devaputta. Ruja said she could see Java making a garland ready for her birth in Tavatimsa.

Source: Buddhist Information: A Survey of Paramattha Dhammas

Javana, which means "impulse" is also translated in some places as "apperception".

Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines

javana (fr. javati, to impel): 'impulsion', is the phase of full cognition in the cognitive series, or perceptual process (citta-vīthi; s. viññāna-kicca) occurring at its climax, if the respective object is large or distinct. It is at this phase that karma is produced, i.e. wholesome or unwholesome volition concerning the perception that was the object of the previous stages of the respective process of consciousness. There are normally 7 impulsive moments. In mundane consciousness (lokiya, q.v.), any of the 17 karmically wholesome classes of consciousness (Tab. I, 1-17) or of the 12 unwholesome ones (Tab. I, 22-23) may arise at the phase of impulsion. For the Arahat, however, impulsion has no longer a karmic, i.e. rebirth-producing character, but is a karmically independent function (kiriya, q.v.; Tab. I, 72-89). There are further 8 supermundane classes of impulsion (Tab. I, 18-21, 66-69).

The 4 impulsive moments immediately before entering an absorption (jhāna, q.v.) or one of the supermundane paths (magga; s. ariyapuggala) are: the preparatory (parikamma), approach (upacāra), adaptation (anuloma), and maturity-moment (gotrabhū, q.v.) In connection with entering the earth-kasina absorption (s. kasina), they are explained as follows, in Vis.M. IV: "After the breaking off of the subconscious stream of being (bhavanga-sota, q.v.), there arises the 'advertence at the mind-door' (manodvārāvajjana, s. viññānakicca), taking as object the earthkasina (whilst thinking), 'Earth! Earth!' Thereupon, 4 or 5 impulsive moments flash forth, amongst which the last one (maturity-moment) belongs to the fine-material sphere (rūpāvacara), whereas the rest belong to the sense-sphere (kāmāvacara; s. avacara), though the last one is more powerful in thought conception, discursive thinking, interest (rapture), joy and concentration (cf. jhāna) than the states of consciousness belonging to the sense-sphere. They are called 'preparatory' (parikamma-samādhi), as they are preparing for the attainment-concentration (appanā-samādhi); 'approaching' (upacāra-samādhi), as they are close to the attainment-concentration and are moving in its neighbourhood; 'adaptive' (anuloma), as they adapt themselves to the preceding preparatory states and to the succeeding attainment concentration. The last one of the four is called 'matured' (gotrabhū). In a similar way, the impulsive moments before reaching the divine ear are described in Vis.M. XIII, 1. - Cf. Karma - (App.).

context information

Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

javana : (nt.) impulse; alacrity; swift understanding; running. (adj.), swift.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Javana, (nt.) 1. alacrity, readiness; impulse, shock Ps. I, 80 sq.; Vism. 22; DhsA. 265 (cp. Dhs. trsl. pp. 132, 156); DA. I, 194. Usually in cpd. javana-pañña (adj.) of alert intellection, of swift understanding, together with hāsa-pañña (hāsu° at M. III, 25; J. IV, 136) & puthu° tikkha° S. V, 376, 377; Nd2 235, 3a. Also in cpds. °paññā Ps. II, 185 sq.; °paññatā A. I, 45; °paññattaṃ S. V, 413. ‹-› 2. The twelfth stage in the function (kicca) of an act of perception (or vīthicitta): the stage of full perception, or apperception. Vism. ch. xiv. (e.g. p. 459); Abhdhs. pt. iii, § 6 (kiccaṃ); Comp. pp. 29, 115, 245. In this connection javana is taken in its equally fundamental sense of “going” (not “swiftness”), and the “going” is understood as intellectual movement. (Page 280)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

javāna (जवान).—a ( P) Young. 2 Used as s m A lusty youth; or a youth or stripling gen. Also, generally, a male in youth or in manhood up to declining years.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

javāna (जवान).—a Young. m A lusty youth; or a youth or stripling gen.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Javana (जवन).—a. (- f.) [जु भावे ल्युट् (ju bhāve lyuṭ)] Quick, swift, fleet; R.9.56.

-naḥ 1 A courser, a swift horse.

2) An elephant in the third decade; Mātaṅga L.5.13.

-nam Speed, quickness, velocity.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Javana (जवन).—mfn.

(-naḥ-nā-nī-naṃ) Quick, fleet. m.

(-naḥ) 1. A courser, a fleet horse. 2. A country, Ionia Greece: see yavana. 3. A native of that country. 4. A sort of deer. n.

(-naṃ) Speed, velocity. f. (-nī) 1. A screen surrounding a tent, a Kanat. 2. A drug. E. ju to be quick affix lyuṭ or yuc, and fem. ṅīṣ or ṭāp.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Javana (जवन).—i. e. jū + ana, I. adj. f. , Quick, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 7. Ii. n. Quickness, Mahābhārata 4, 1414.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Javana (जवन).—[feminine] ī impelling; quick, swift; [neuter] = [preceding] [masculine]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Javana (जवन):—[from java] mf(ī)n. ([gana] dṛḍhādi; oxyt. [Pāṇini 3-2, 150]) quick, swift, fleet, [Ṛg-veda i, 51, 2; Śvetāśvatara-upaniṣad iii, 19; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] m. a fleet horse, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of deer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of one of Skanda’s attendants, [Mahābhārata ix, 2577]

5) [v.s. ...] [plural] for yav q.v., [Kṣitīśa-vaṃśāvalī-carita]

6) [v.s. ...] n. speed, velocity, [Pāraskara-gṛhya-sūtra i, 17; Śāṅkhāyana-gṛhya-sūtra; Mahābhārata iv, 1414]

7) [from java] cf. dhī-jav.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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