Bhenda, Bheṇḍa: 7 definitions

Introduction:

Bhenda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Bheṇḍā (भेण्डा) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with Hibiscus esculentus Linn., synonym of Abelmoschus esculentus (in English ‘Gumbo’ or ‘ladies’ fingers’) from the Malvaceae or “mallows” family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.157-158 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Bheṇḍā is commonly known in Hindi as Bhiṇḍī; in Bengali as Dhandhās or Dheras; in Marathi as Bhānde; in Gujarati as Bhindo; in Tamil as Vendāī; and in Telugu as Bendekāī.

Bheṇḍā is mentioned as having ten synonyms: Bhiṇḍātikā, Bhiṇḍa, Bhiṇḍaka, Kṣetrasambhava, Catuṣpada, Catuṣpuṇḍra, Suśāka, Amlapatraka, Karaparṇa and Vṛttabīja.

Properties and characteristics: “Bheṇḍā’s rasa is sour and vīrya is hot. It is astringent and appetiser”.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Bhenda in India is the name of a plant defined with Abelmoschus esculentus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Hibiscus longifolius Sessé & Moc. (among others).

2) Bhenda is also identified with Hibiscus cannabinus It has the synonym Furcaria cavanillesii Kostel. (etc.).

3) Bhenda is also identified with Hibiscus esculentus It has the synonym Hibiscus longifolius Willd. (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fl. Mexic., ed. 2 (1894)
· Dictionary of the Nyanja Language (1951)
· Systematic Botany Monographs (1988)
· Tentamen Florae Abyssinicae (1847)
· Allgemeine Medizinisch-Pharmazeutische Flora (1856)
· Annuaire du Conservatoire et Jardin Botaniques de Genève (1900)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Bhenda, for example side effects, chemical composition, diet and recipes, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhēṇḍa (भेंड).—m n Pith. 2 Applied figuratively to flimsy, light, unsubstantial wood. 3 A sweetmeat like sābaṇī. 4 n R The mucus or gum of the eye. 5 n The float or buoy of fishing nets. 6 m A bit of bōrū or reed driven into the hole of the lobe of the ear, to enlarge it for the earring. v ghāla.

--- OR ---

bhēṇḍā (भेंडा).—m A square mass of trodden or kneaded earth, dried in the sun and used in building. 2 A plant, Hibiscus esculentus: also its esculent produce. 3 A wood-eating insect. 4 An excrescence on the knee of a horse. See under bhēṇḍī. 5 fig. of Sig. I. Mass, heap, load, accumulated quantity (of interest, debt, demands, pressures). v jama, kara, ghāla, asa, vāḍha, phuga; also phēḍa & phiṭa. bhēṇḍā lāgaṇēṃ in. con. To have the bhēṇḍā--wood or a tree.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhēṇḍa (भेंड).—m n Pith. n The gum of the eye.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bheṇḍā (भेण्डा).—Abelmoschus Esculentus.

See also (synonyms): bheṇḍī.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Bheṇḍa (भेण्ड):—[from bheḍa] m. idem (cf. bhaiṇḍaka).

2) Bheṇḍā (भेण्डा):—f. Abelmoschus Esculentus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (bheṇḍā also ‘lotus-seed’ [ib.])

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhenda in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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