Bhanaka, Bhāṇaka: 16 definitions


Bhanaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Bhanak.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Bhāṇaka (भाणक) refers to the “reciter (of the dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “Then the Four Great Kings, having become scared and fearful, approached the Lord, prostrated themselves at the Lord’s feet, and said this to the Lord: ‘O Lord, we, the Four Great Kings will protect, shield, guard this exposition of the dharma so that it may last long and be beneficial. [...] Whosoever seek for the dharma, we will make them happy. We will offer hospitality to the congregation of the dharma-reciter (dharma-bhāṇaka), never forget the meaning of the words to be connected to the words, give inspiration, and increase recollection, intelligence, understanding and happiness. [...]’”.

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Bhāṇaka (भाणक) refers to a “prophet (of the Law)”, according to the 2nd-century Meghasūtra (“Cloud Sutra”) in those passages which contain ritual instructions.—Accordingly, “He who desires a mighty rain must perform this rite ‘the great-cloud-circle’ in an open space, overspread by a blue canopy, shaded by a blue banner, on a clear spot of earth; [being] a prophet of the Law (dharmabhāṇaka), seated on a blue seat, fasting according to the aṣṭāṅga, with well-washed limbs, clad in pure raiment, anointed with fragrant odour, wearing the three white stripes, he must recite it for a day and night continuously facing the east; [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

Jain philosophy

Source: Anekanta Jaya Pataka of Haribhadra Suri

Bhāṇaka (भाणक) refers to “one who speaks”, as occurring in the Anekāntajayapatākā-prakaraṇa, a Śvetāmbara Jain philosophical work written by Haribhadra Sūri.—[Cf. Vol. I, P. 180, l. 21]

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Bhāṇaka.—(LL), Buddhist; a preacher. Note: bhāṇaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhanaka in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

bhāṇaka : (m.) 1. a reciter of the Scriptures. 2. a big jar.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

1) Bhāṇaka, 2 (cp. Sk. bhāṇḍaka a small box: Kathāsarits. 24, 163; & see Müller, P. Gr. p. 48) a jar Vin. II, 170 (loha°); III, 90. (Page 501)

2) Bhāṇaka, 1 (adj. -n.) (fr. bhaṇati) speaking; (n.) a reciter, repeater, preacher (of sections of the Scriptures), like Aṅguttara° Vism. 74 sq. ; Dīgha° DA. I, 15, 131; J. I, 59; Vism. 36, 266; Jātaka° etc. Miln. 341 sq. ; Majjhima° Vism. 95 (Revatthera), 275, 286, 431; Saṃyutta° Vism. 313 (Cūḷa-Sivatthera). Unspecified at SnA 70 (Kalyāṇavihāravāsi-bhāṇaka-dahara-bhikkhu; reading doubtful).—f. bhāṇikā Vin. IV, 285 (Thullanandā bahussutā bhāṇikā); also in cpd. mañju-bhāṇikā sweet-voiced, uttering sweet words J. VI, 422. (Page 501)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhaṇakā (भणका).—m (bhaṇa!) A swarm (of flies, bees &c.) 2 fig. A buzzing or humming sound; any confused and low din.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhāṇaka (भाणक).—A declarer, proclaimer.

Derivable forms: bhāṇakaḥ (भाणकः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhāṇaka (भाणक).—reciter (as a kind of entertainer): Mahāvastu iii.113.3; 255.12; 442.9 Cf. Pali bhāṇaka, f. °ikā (only of one who recites religious texts?) and dharma-bhā°.

--- OR ---

Bhānaka (भानक).—see dharma-bh°.

Bhānaka can also be spelled as Bhāṇaka (भाणक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāṇaka (भाणक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A proclaimer.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāṇaka (भाणक).—[masculine] proclaimer; [feminine] bhāṇikā a kind of drama.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhāṇaka (भाणक):—[from bhāṇa] m. (cf. dharma-bh) a proclaimer, declarer, reciter, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 70]

[Sanskrit to German]

Bhanaka in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Bhanaka in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Bhanaka (भनक) [Also spelled bhanak]:—(nf) a ring, low/inarticulate sound; clue.

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Nepali dictionary

Source: unoes: Nepali-English Dictionary

Bhanaka (भनक):—n. acting short-tempered; getting irritated; speaking angrily;

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Nepali is the primary language of the Nepalese people counting almost 20 million native speakers. The country of Nepal is situated in the Himalaya mountain range to the north of India.

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