Bhautika; 6 Definition(s)


Bhautika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Bhautika in Purana glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhautika (भौतिक).—See Vaidyuta—one of the three fires originating in waters.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 5.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Bhautika in Buddhism glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhautika (भौतिक) or Pañcabhautika refers to the “five qualities” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 40):

  1. rūpa (form),
  2. śabda (sound),
  3. gandha (smell),
  4. rasa (taste),
  5. sparśa (tangible).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., bhautika). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Bhautika in Marathi glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

bhautika (भौतिक).—a S by vulgar mistake bhauktika a Relating to the malignant spirits called bhūta. 2 Relating to the five elements, elemental, material. 3 Relating to the universe or elemental combinations (in Vedantik verity, the expansion of brahma).

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhautika (भौतिक).—a Relating to the five elements.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhautika in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [B] · next »

Bhautika (भौतिक).—a. (- f.) [भूत-ठक् (bhūta-ṭhak)]

1) Belonging to created or living beings; प्रहुतो भौतिको बलिः (prahuto bhautiko baliḥ) Ms.3.74; आहंकारिकत्वश्रुतेर्न भौतिकानि (āhaṃkārikatvaśruterna bhautikāni) Sāṅkhya S.

2) Formed of coarse elements, elemental, material; वृक्षाणां नास्ति भौतिकम् (vṛkṣāṇāṃ nāsti bhautikam) Bhāg. 12 184.9; पिण्डेष्वनास्था खलु भौतिकेषु (piṇḍeṣvanāsthā khalu bhautikeṣu) R.2.57.

3) Relating to evil spirits.

4) Possessed by evil spirits.

-kaḥ 1 Name of Śiva.

2) A being, animal (jīva); कालस्य ते किमुत तत्कृतभौतिकानाम् (kālasya te kimuta tatkṛtabhautikānām) Bhāg.12.8.43.

-kam 1 A pearl.

2) Anything elemental.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhautika (भौतिक).—(adj.?) subst. nt. (compare Sanskrit id.; here in specialized mgs.), (1) possibly adj., real or material, in Laṅk 17.5, but the reading is very doubtful and the sense at least equally so, see s.v. abhauti and below; (2) subst. nt., object of sense: in Dharmas 40 = viṣaya or indriyārtha (five are listed: rūpa, śabda, gandha, rasa, and sparśa, corresponding, tho in different order, to the five mahā- bhūtāni listed in 39 just before). Acc. to Suzuki's Index to Laṅk, the Chin. versions of Laṅk indicate bhautika = the [Page413-a+ 52] 4 viṣaya or color, odor, flavor, contact (note omission of sound, and the fact that in Laṅk 124.8 ākāśa is added only parenthetically; compare the 4 dhātu of Pali, paṭhavī-, āpo-, tejo-, vāyo-dhātu, Childers, s.v.); in Laṅk 205.10 (omit bhūta-with 2 mss.) bhautika-svalakṣaṇa-vināśānu- palabdhir, evidently products of the bhūtāni, presumably as in Dharmas 40. The passage Laṅk 123.11—124.16 must, it seems, somehow be interpreted in the light of these passages, but is obscure to me (compare also Laṅk 355.1). Suzuki is not very helpful on it; e.g. 124.13 na tu mahābhū- tānām certainly cannot mean which (primary elements) are non-existent, but rather: (the mahābhūtāni are the causes of the bhautikāni), but not (the bhautikāni) of the mahābhūtāni, i.e. but not vice versa. In Mvy 1847 bhau- tika-rūpam appears to be parallel and complementary to 1846 upādāya-rūpam, q.v.; this suggests that bhautika- rūpam = Pali bhūta-rūpa (Childers and PTSD s.v. rūpa), which acc. to Vism. = the four mahābhūtāni, earth, water, fire, and air (listed Mvy 1838—1841), contrary to Dharmas and the Chin. as cited by Suzuki, above; for the viṣayas are included among the 24 upādā(ya)-rūpa of Pali. On the basis of Mvy 1846—7 we might conjecture that in Laṅk 17.5 (see abhauti) abhautika = upādāya(-rūpam), and bhautika = bhautika (Pali bhūta)-rūpam. But if Dharmas and Chin. are right, bhautika would mean virtually the opposite of Pali bhūta(-rūpa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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Five Qualities
Five Qualities:—A technical term in Buddhism corresponding to the Sanskrit bhautika o...
Abhauti (अभौति).—(°-) (?) , in Laṅk 17.5, text abhauti-bhautikānām; Suzuki things created and u...

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