Bhautika: 9 definitions

Introduction

Bhautika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (B) next»] — Bhautika in Purana glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Bhautika (भौतिक).—See Vaidyuta—one of the three fires originating in waters.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 24. 6; Vāyu-purāṇa 53. 5.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Bhautika (भौतिक) or Pañcabhautika refers to the “five qualities” as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 40):

  1. rūpa (form),
  2. śabda (sound),
  3. gandha (smell),
  4. rasa (taste),
  5. sparśa (tangible).

The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., bhautika). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

bhautika (भौतिक).—a S by vulgar mistake bhauktika a Relating to the malignant spirits called bhūta. 2 Relating to the five elements, elemental, material. 3 Relating to the universe or elemental combinations (in Vedantik verity, the expansion of brahma).

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

bhautika (भौतिक).—a Relating to the five elements.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Bhautika (भौतिक).—a. (- f.) [भूत-ठक् (bhūta-ṭhak)]

1) Belonging to created or living beings; प्रहुतो भौतिको बलिः (prahuto bhautiko baliḥ) Ms.3.74; आहंकारिकत्वश्रुतेर्न भौतिकानि (āhaṃkārikatvaśruterna bhautikāni) Sāṅkhya S.

2) Formed of coarse elements, elemental, material; वृक्षाणां नास्ति भौतिकम् (vṛkṣāṇāṃ nāsti bhautikam) Bhāg. 12 184.9; पिण्डेष्वनास्था खलु भौतिकेषु (piṇḍeṣvanāsthā khalu bhautikeṣu) R.2.57.

3) Relating to evil spirits.

4) Possessed by evil spirits.

-kaḥ 1 Name of Śiva.

2) A being, animal (jīva); कालस्य ते किमुत तत्कृतभौतिकानाम् (kālasya te kimuta tatkṛtabhautikānām) Bhāg.12.8.43.

-kam 1 A pearl.

2) Anything elemental.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Bhautika (भौतिक).—(adj.?) subst. nt. (compare Sanskrit id.; here in specialized mgs.), (1) possibly adj., real or material, in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 17.5, but the reading is very doubtful and the sense at least equally so, see s.v. abhauti and below; (2) subst. nt., object of sense: in Dharmasaṃgraha 40 = viṣaya or indriyārtha (five are listed: rūpa, śabda, gandha, rasa, and sparśa, corresponding, tho in different order, to the five mahā- bhūtāni listed in 39 just before). Acc. to Suzuki's Index to Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra, the Chin. versions of Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra indicate bhautika = the [Page413-a+ 52] 4 viṣaya or color, odor, flavor, contact (note omission of sound, and the fact that in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 124.8 ākāśa is added only parenthetically; compare the 4 dhātu of Pali, paṭhavī-, āpo-, tejo-, vāyo-dhātu, Childers, s.v.); in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 205.10 (omit bhūta-with 2 mss.) bhautika-svalakṣaṇa-vināśānu- palabdhir, evidently products of the bhūtāni, presumably as in Dharmasaṃgraha 40. The passage Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 123.11—124.16 must, it seems, somehow be interpreted in the light of these passages, but is obscure to me (compare also Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 355.1). Suzuki is not very helpful on it; e.g. 124.13 na tu mahābhū- tānām certainly cannot mean which (primary elements) are non-existent, but rather: (the mahābhūtāni are the causes of the bhautikāni), but not (the bhautikāni) of the mahābhūtāni, i.e. but not vice versa. In Mahāvyutpatti 1847 bhau- tika-rūpam appears to be parallel and complementary to 1846 upādāya-rūpam, q.v.; this suggests that bhautika- rūpam = Pali bhūta-rūpa (Childers and [Pali Text Society’s Pali-English Dictionary] s.v. rūpa), which according to Vism. = the four mahābhūtāni, earth, water, fire, and air (listed Mahāvyutpatti 1838—1841), contrary to Dharmasaṃgraha and the Chin. as cited by Suzuki, above; for the viṣayas are included among the 24 upādā(ya)-rūpa of Pali. On the basis of Mahāvyutpatti 1846—7 we might conjecture that in Laṅkāvatāra-sūtra 17.5 (see abhauti) abhautika = upādāya(-rūpam), and bhautika = bhautika (Pali bhūta)-rūpam. But if Dharmasaṃgraha and Chin. are right, bhautika would mean virtually the opposite of Pali bhūta(-rūpa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhautika (भौतिक).—i. e. bhūta + ika (vb. bhū), I. adj. 1. Relating or appeartaining to spirits, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 3, 174. 2. Elemental. 3. Existing. Ii. m. Śiva.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Bhautika (भौतिक).—1. [adjective] = [preceding] adj.

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Bhautika (भौतिक).—2. [masculine] [Epithet] of Śiva; a class of monks.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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